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U.S. Highway 52 (US 52 or Highway 52) enters the state of Minnesota at the unincorporated community of Prosper, north of the town of Burr Oak, Iowa. The route is marked north–south in Minnesota along its independent segment from the Iowa state line to downtown St. Paul. Highway 52 is not signed along the length of its concurrency with Interstate 94 (I-94) from downtown St. Paul to the North Dakota state line at Moorhead and Fargo.

U.S. Highway 52 marker

U.S. Highway 52
US 52 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by MnDOT
Length374.703 mi (603.026 km)
243 miles along I-94
Existed1934–present
Major junctions
South end US 52 at Prosper
 
North end I-94 / US 52 at Moorhead
Location
CountiesFillmore, Olmsted, Goodhue, Dakota, Ramsey, Hennepin, Wright, Stearns, Todd, Douglas, Grant, Otter Tail, Wilkin, Clay
Highway system
  • Minnesota Trunk Highways
MN 51US 53

Route descriptionEdit

 
U.S. Highway 52 in Rochester.

U.S. 52 enters Fillmore County and heads through the same Driftless Area it ran through in Iowa. The route heads through Preston and proceeds north to Chatfield. Highway 52 leaves the river bluffs near Chatfield and enters terrain typical of southern Minnesota. This area is mostly farmland for the rest of the length until the route enters the city of Rochester. Highway 52 intersects Interstate 90 south of Rochester, and expands to a four-lane freeway north of this junction. The roadway expands further to six lanes around Rochester, from the junction with U.S. 63 to County Road 14, which is at the northern tip city. U.S. 14 is a major route, and connects Owatonna to Rochester. North of Rochester, Highway 52 becomes a four-lane expressway through the farmland of Olmsted and Goodhue counties. Zumbrota is bypassed by the highway, and the route heads to Dakota County.[citation needed]

In October 2014, an interchange was completed in Cannon Falls which eliminated the last two traffic lights between St. Paul and Rochester on Highway 52.[1]

North of Coates, Highway 52 enters the edge of the Twin Cities area. The route enters Inver Grove Heights where it becomes the Lafayette Freeway north of Concord Boulevard. Highway 52 splits with State Highway 55 north of there. Highway 55 heads to Minneapolis, while Highway 52 heads to St. Paul. Interstate 494 intersects 52 in the northern part of Inver Grove Heights. The St. Paul Downtown Airport is right off of Highway 52 in St. Paul. After Highway 52 crosses the Mississippi River in downtown St. Paul, the route intersects Interstate 94 and follows I-94 to the North Dakota state line; U.S. 52 is not signed along the length of this concurrency.[citation needed]

HistoryEdit

 
Preston Overlook, listed on the National Register of Historic Places, on U.S. Highway 52 in Fillmore County.

U.S. Highway 52 was extended into the state of Minnesota in 1934. The road replaced the former routing of old U.S. Highway 55 from the Iowa state line to the Twin Cities, and the former route of old U.S. Highway 10S from Minneapolis west to North Dakota. Interstate 94 replaced most of the routing of Highway 52 west of St. Cloud, and the routing from St. Cloud to Minneapolis was replaced by U.S. Highway 10, U.S. Highway 169, and Hennepin County Road 81. Highway 52 was routed along University Avenue through Minneapolis and St. Paul until about 1995 (In 1986, Highway 52 on University Avenue between I-35W and the St. Paul border was turned over to Hennepin County maintenance and renumbered County 36 / 37, creating a gap in Highway 52 until the 1995 route change). West of here, it turned west onto Washington Avenue that traversed directly through the University of Minnesota and Downtown Minneapolis. Progressing further, it took another left turn at Broadway Street before eventually curving to the northwest towards Robbinsdale, Crystal, Brooklyn Park and Osseo. Afterwards, it turned right onto what is now US Highway 169 through Champlin and Anoka thus eventually merging onto US Highway 10 towards Elk River and St. Cloud. It eventually turned onto city streets through St. Cloud and back onto the present-day Interstate 94 alignment.

52 was routed along Robert Street through St. Paul, West St. Paul, and into Inver Grove Heights until 1995; when 52 was moved onto the nearby Lafayette Freeway. The Lafayette Bridge which takes the highway across the Mississippi River near downtown St. Paul was originally built in 1968 and was a "fracture critical" structure which was in need of replacement. Construction of the new bridge, which carries six lanes of US-52, was completed in fall of 2015.[2]

U.S. Highway 52 was built as an expressway from Rochester to St. Paul in the 1960s. The "ROC52" project expanded the section of Highway 52 in Rochester to a 6-lane freeway in 2005–2006.[3] Between Rochester and the Twin Cities, several at-grade intersections have been converted to interchanges since the 1990s.

However, many at-grade intersections remain along this segment of highway. An experimental installation of Cooperative Intersection Collision Avoidance Systems–Stop Sign Assist (CICAS–SSA) was installed at the intersection with Goodhue County Road 9, making use of dynamic message signs to show when it is safe to cross or turn onto the highway. It uses a diagram that looks like a divided highway sign A full-scale field test began in January 2010, though a previous version had also been tried at the intersection a few years earlier. The study will run through 2012.[4][5]

Major intersectionsEdit

CountyLocationmi[6]kmExitDestinationsNotes
FillmoreProsper0.0000.000  US 52 south – DecorahContinuation into Iowa
1.0051.617  MN 44 east – Mabel
Harmony9.25614.896  MN 139 south – Cresco
Preston17.07027.472  MN 16 east – Lanesboro, RushfordSouthern end of MN 16 overlap
20.72833.358  MN 16 west – Spring ValleyNorthern end of MN 16 overlap
Fountain24.90240.076  MN 80 west – Wykoff
Chatfield34.35755.292   MN 30 east / MN 74 north – St. Charles, RushfordSouthern end of MN 30 overlap
Olmsted34.85656.095  MN 30 west – StewartvilleNorthern end of MN 30 overlap
Marion Township46.49174.820  I-90 – La Crosse, AustinSouthern end of freeway section; I-90 exit 218
47.66876.71447   CSAH 36 north (Marion Road) / CSAH 111 south
51.00982.09150  CSAH 1 (11th Avenue SE)
Rochester52.18083.97651  US 63 south (Broadway Avenue)Southern end of US 63 overlap
54.34687.46153  CSAH 25 (16th Street SW)
54.74688.10554A  US 14 east (12th Street SW) – WinonaSouthbound exit and northbound entrance; southern end of US 14 overlap
54B  CSAH 22 west (Salem Road)Southbound exit and northbound entrance
54.79788.18755A6th Street SWNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
55.39989.15655B2nd Street SW – Hospital
56.46690.87356A–B  US 14 west / Civic Center Drive – Owatonna, Mayo ClinicPartial cloverleaf; signed as exits 56A (Civic Center) and 56B (US 14); northern end of US 14 overlap
57.34592.28856C19th Street NW / Elton Hills DriveSingle point urban interchange
58.699–
58.981
94.467–
94.921
58  CSAH 22 east (37th Street NW) / 41st Street NWSouthern end of CSAH 22 overlap
60.04896.63859  CSAH 22 west (West Circle Drive) / 55th Street NWNorthern end of CSAH 22 overlap
61.05798.2626065th Street NW
62.05999.87461   US 63 north / CSAH 14 west (75th Street NW)Northern end of US 63 overlap
Oronoco Township64.629104.01064   CSAH 12 west / CR 112 east – OronocoSouthern end of CSAH 12 overlap
66.618107.21168   CSAH 12 east / CSAH 31 south – Oronoco, PlainviewDiverging diamond interchange; northern end of CSAH 12 overlap; northern end of freeway section
GoodhuePine Island71.624115.268  CSAH 11 – Pine IslandInterchange
Pine IslandInterchange; southbound exit only
Zumbrota76.232122.684  MN 60 east – Mazeppa, WabashaSouthern end of MN 60 overlap; southern end of freeway section
77.621124.91977   MN 58 north / CSAH 10 – Zumbrota, Red Wing
78.669126.605  MN 60 west – Wanamingo, Kenyon, ZumbrotaNorthern end of MN 60 overlap; northern end of freeway section
Hader86.604139.376  MN 57 south – Wanamingo, Mantorville
Leon Township89.822144.55489  CSAH 9 – Dennison, GoodhueInterchange
Cannon Falls96.889155.92896  CR 24 – Cannon FallsInterchange
98.445158.43298  MN 19 – Cannon Falls, NorthfieldInterchange
DakotaRandolph Township101163100  CSAH 86Interchange; opened in 2016
Hampton106.056170.681   MN 56 south / MN 50 – Farmington, Red WingInterchange; MN 56 not signed northbound
107.158172.454  CSAH 47 – HamptonInterchange
Coates113.982183.436  CSAH 46Interchange
Rosemount115.950186.603  CSAH 42 – RosemountInterchange
117.753189.505  MN 55 east – HastingsSouthern end of MN 55 overlap; interchange southbound, access via connector road northbound; southern end of freeway section
118.669190.979117th Street
Inver Grove Heights121.338195.275  CSAH 56 north (Concord Boulevard)
122.007196.351121  MN 55 west – MinneapolisNorthern end of MN 55 overlap; northbound exit and southbound entrance
122.854197.714  To MN 55 west / 80th Street EastNorthbound signed as "80th Street East" only
123.843199.306  CSAH 26 (70th Street East)
125.073201.285Upper 55th Street East
125.717202.322   I-494 to MN 62I-494 exit 66
Previously MN 110 before 110 was resigned as an extension of MN 62
South St. Paul126.453203.506Southview Boulevard / Mendota Road
South St. PaulWest St. Paul line127.384205.005Wentworth Avenue / Thompson Avenue
128.386206.617Butler Avenue
RamseySt. Paul129.493208.399  MN 156 south (Concord Street)
129.717208.759Eaton StreetSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
130.398209.855Plato Boulevard / Fillmore AvenueFillmore Avenue not signed southbound
131.334211.362  MN 5 (7th Street)Northbound exit and southbound entrance
131.352211.391   I-94 / US 10 east (US 12 east)I-94 exit 242D; southern end of I-94 overlap
Unmarked overlap with I-94 to North Dakota state line
Red River of the North374.703603.026   I-94 / US 52 continue west into North Dakota
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

ReferencesEdit

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata
  1. ^ "Hwy 52 Interchange". Minnesota Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2014-10-09.
  2. ^ "Lafayette Bridge - Hwy 52 Mississippi River Crossing". Minnesota Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on 2010-02-05. Retrieved 2010-02-19. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  3. ^ "Design-build on Hwy 52 in Rochester". Minnesota Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2010-02-19.
  4. ^ "Electronic signs at Highway 52/County Road 9 go live on Jan. 20". Minnesota Department of Transportation. January 18, 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-03.
  5. ^ "Rural Unsignalized Intersections". University of Minnesota ITS Institute. Retrieved 2010-08-03.
  6. ^ Minnesota Department of Transportation (August 14, 2014). "Statewide Trunk Logpoint Listing" (PDF). St. Paul: Minnesota Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2015-11-20.
  U.S. Route 52
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North Dakota
Minnesota Next state:
Iowa