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U.S. Route 280

  (Redirected from U.S. Route 280 in Alabama)

U.S. Route 280 (US 280) is a spur of U.S. Highway 80. It currently runs for 392 miles (631 km) from Blichton, Georgia at US 80 to Birmingham, Alabama at I-20/I-59. For much of its route, US 280 travels through rural areas and smaller cities in southern Georgia and east central Alabama. Once the highway approaches Birmingham, it is a major suburban route. Numerous shopping centers are located on US 280 throughout northern Shelby County and southern Jefferson County.

U.S. Route 280 marker

U.S. Route 280
Route information
Auxiliary route of US 80
Maintained by ALDOT and GDOT
Length392 mi[citation needed] (631 km)
Major junctions
West end I-20 / I-59 / US 31 in Birmingham, AL
  I-459 in Hoover, AL

US 231 in Sylacauga, AL
I-85 / US 29 / US 431 in Opelika, AL
I-185 in Columbus, GA
US 19 in Americus, GA
I-75 in Cordele, GA
US 23 / US 319 / US 341 / US 441 in McRae-Helena, GA
US 1 in Lyons
US 25 / US 301 in Claxton, GA

I-16 near Black Creek, GA
East end US 80 / SR 26 / SR 30 in Blitchton, GA
Location
StatesAlabama, Georgia
Highway system

US 280 is the main connector between Birmingham, AL and Auburn, AL.

Through Talladega County, Alabama, US 280 is known as the Jim Nabors Highway, in honor of the Sylacauga, Alabama, native known for portraying the television character Gomer Pyle. The historical designation of US-280 and Alabama SR 38 is the Florida Short Route.

For many years, US 280 and SR 38 was considered one of the more dangerous routes in Alabama, due to the number of large stretches of narrow two-lane roadway leading southeastwardly from Birmingham. Work was completed in 2006 making US 280 a four-lane highway throughout the entire state of Alabama. This project began in the 1970s. As a result, US 280 now bypasses numerous small towns in east Alabama, including Goodwater, Jackson's Gap, Camp Hill and Waverly.

In Georgia, US 280 from Columbus to I-16 is also a Governor's Road Improvement Program (GRIP) corridor known as "Power Alley".[1]

Route descriptionEdit

 
Western terminus at Interstates 20 & 59 in Birmingham.

AlabamaEdit

US 280 terminates concurrently with U.S. 31 at I-20/I-59. US 31 continues onward at this point. This major junction is currently closed as is the stretch of I-20/I-59 between this interchange and I-65.[2] The route continues through downtown Birmingham with US 31. They junction with US 11 and US 78 and climb over Red Mountain into Mtn. Brook. Here, US 280 splits off of US 31 at a highly complex interchange with elements of a Directional-T and a Parclo.

It continues on somewhat of a freeway through Mtn. Brook, eventually reaching The Summit, a huge outdoor mall. It also junctions with I-459 at this point, at a Parclo-like interchange which is being modified to better suit traffic.[3]

The route continues through one of the more developed areas of east Birmingham and eventually climbs up a very slight hill into Shelby County and Chelsea. It continues east to Harpersville, which is home to its junction with US 231 north and SR 25. US 280 continues with US 231 until it reaches the Coosa River, which it crosses into Talladega County. It eventually reaches Sylacauga, which is home to its junction with US 231 south and SR 21. This specific junction is a diamond interchange, commonly used on freeways.

The route continues south-east through northern Coosa County until it has another diamond interchange with SR 9. It then passes through Kellyton, which is home to its minor junction with SR 115.

It crosses into Tallapoosa County just before entering Alexander City, which is home to Russell Athletic. US 280 junctions with SR 22 and SR 63 in the city. It then proceeds through slightly hilly terrain to Dadeville. It junctions with SR 49, which connects the route to the Talladega National Forest/Cheaha State Park. It leaves Dadeville, promptly enters Camp Hill, junctions with SR 50, and enters the southwestern corner of Chambers County, and then crosses into Lee County.

The route then reaches The Bottle, which is named for some weird statue placed near US 280. It crosses into Auburn, which is barely skimmed by US 280 as it then crosses into nearby Opelika. The route junctions with US 29/I-85. It joins the freeway with them and continues through I-85's junction with SR 51. It then splits off of the road with US 431. It continues on a heavily traveled road into Russell County, and eventually to Phenix City, which is actually in the Eastern Time Zone due to its close proximity with Columbus, Georgia across the Chattahoochee River. It junctions with US 80. The route then leaves US 431 behind and crosses the Chattahoochee River, leaving Alabama and entering Georgia in Columbus. US 280 has a length of 141.356 miles (227.490 km) in Alabama.[4]

US 280 has the unsigned designation of State Route 38 (SR 38) throughout its length in Alabama.

GeorgiaEdit

US 280 begins in Georgia at the state's border with Alabama in Columbus. There it is paired with State Route 520 and U.S. Route 27. It maintains this designation as it passes through Fort Benning. US 280 continues east, where it passes through Plains (the boyhood home of Jimmy Carter) and becomes cosigned State Route 30 in Americus. It maintains this designation until the route's terminus in Blichton.

National Highway SystemEdit

Except for the eastern-most portion between I-16 and the eastern terminus, the entire length of US 280 is part of the National Highway System, a system of routes determined to be the most important for the nation's economy, mobility, and defense.[5][6][7][8][9]

HistoryEdit

Prior to the completion of the Elton B. Stephens Expressway in Birmingham, US 31, US 78, and US 280 traveled concurrently until they intersected US 11 at the intersection of 1st Avenue North and 24th Street.

Major intersectionsEdit

StateCountyLocationmi[4]kmDestinationsNotes
AlabamaJeffersonBirmingham0.0000.000    I-20 / I-59 / US 31 north (Carraway Boulevard / SR 3) – Tuscaloosa, Atlanta, GadsdenWestern terminus; western end of US 31/SR 3 concurrency; I-20/I-59 exit 126A
0.7291.1732nd Avenue NorthWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
0.8351.344  US 11 (1st Avenue North / SR 7)Westbound exit only
1.2452.004  US 78 (3rd–4th Avenue South / SR 4)
1.5982.572University Boulevard
Highland Avenue / Arlington AvenueWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
21st Avenue SouthEastbound exit and westbound entrance
Homewood3.3315.361  US 31 south (SR 3 south) / SR 38 east / Rosedale Drive – Montgomery, HomewoodEastern end of US 31/SR 3 concurrency; western end of SR 38 concurrency; western terminus of SR 38
BirminghamHomewood lineHollywood Boulevard – Mountain Brook, Birmingham ZooGardensEastern end of freeway
Mountain Brook4.7377.623  SR 149 – Homewood, Mountain Brook, Samford UniversityInterchange
Mountain BrookPump House Road – Cahaba HeightsInterchange
Birmingham7.89912.712  I-459 – Atlanta, Gadsden, Montgomery, TuscaloosaI-459 exit 19
Colonnade DriveInterchange
ShelbyHoover11.81919.021  SR 119 (Cahaba Valley Road) – Leeds, Oak Mountain State Park, Lake Purdy
Harpersville29.43147.365   US 231 north (SR 53 north) / SR 25 – Vincent, Wilsonville, Pell CityWestern end of US 231/SR 53 concurrency
Harpersville34.43755.421  SR 76 west (Klein Road) – Columbiana, MontevalloWestern end of SR 76 concurrency
TalladegaChildersburg35.52357.169  SR 235 north (Coosa Pines Road)Southern terminus of SR 235
36.10958.112   SR 76 east (1st Street) / CR 008 west – Childersburg, Fayetteville, Kymulga Covered Bridge and Grist Mill, Talladega College Historic District, DeSoto CavernsEastern end of SR 76 concurrency; eastern terminus of CR 008
Sylacauga47.31076.138   US 231 south (SR 53) / SR 21 – Sylacauga, MontgomeryEastern end of US 231/SR 53 concurrency; interchange
CoosaSocapatoy63.362101.971  SR 9 – Wetumpka, GoodwaterInterchange
Kellyton65.221104.963  SR 115 south / Firehouse Road – KellytonNorthern terminus of SR 115
TallapoosaAlexander City70.096112.809  SR 22 west (Rockford Highway) – Rockford, Historic Downtown Alexander City, Charles E. Bailey SportplexWestern end of SR 22 concurrency
71.788115.532   SR 22 east / SR 63 (Cherokee Road) – Alex City, Eclectic, Central Alabama Community College, Wind Creek State Park, Historic Downtown Alexander CityEastern end of SR 22 concurrency
Dadeville83.501134.382  SR 49 north (Horseshoe Bend Road) – New Site, Horseshoe Bend National Military ParkWestern end of SR 49 concurrency
84.821136.506  SR 49 south (North Broadnax Street) – Dadeville Business District, StillWaters, Tallapoosa County Historical MuseumEastern end of SR 49 concurrency
Camp Hill   SR 50 east / CR 34 west – Camp Hill, Lyman Ward, StillWaters, Camp Hill Business DistrictWestern end of SR 50 concurrency; eastern terminus of CR 34
91.488147.236  SR 50 west – Lyman Ward, Girls RanchEastern end of SR 50 concurrency
Chambers
No major junctions
LeeAuburn104.511168.194  SR 147 north (Heath Road) – LaFayetteWestern end of SR 147 concurrency
The Bottle104.911168.838  SR 147 south (North College Street) – AuburnEastern end of SR 147 concurrency
Opelika110.241177.416Pepperell ParkwayFormer US 29
111.851180.007   I-85 south / US 29 south (SR 15) – MontgomeryWestern end of I-85/US 29/SR 15 concurrency; US 280 west follows exit 58.
113.871183.258   SR 51 to SR 169 – Opelika, HurtsboroI-85 exit 60
115.294185.548    I-85 north / US 29 north (SR 15) / US 431 north (Columbus Parkway / SR 1) – Atlanta, Opelika, Southern Union State Community CollegeEastern end of I-85/US 29/SR 15 concurrency; western end of US 431/SR 1 concurrency; US 280 east follows exit 62.
RussellPhenix City137.659221.541   US 80 east (SR 8) to I-185 – ColumbusWestern end of US 80/SR 8 concurrency
138.598223.052  US 80 west (Crawford Road / SR 8) – MontgomeryEastern end of US 80/SR 8 concurrency
140.466226.058  US 431 south (SR 1) – Eufaula, DothanEastern end of US 431/SR 1 concurrency; interchange
Colin L. Powell Parkway / Seale RoadInterchange
Chattahoochee River141.356
0.0
227.490
0.0
Oglethorpe Bridge; AlabamaGeorgia state line
GeorgiaMuscogeeColumbus    US 27 north / SR 1 north (Veterans Parkway) – Hamilton, Waverly Hall, AirportWestern end of US 27/SR 1 concurrency
See SR 520 (mile 0.0-35.1)
StewartRichland   SR 520 east / SR 27 west – Dawson, LumpkinEastern end of SR 520 concurrency; western end of SR 27 concurrency
WebsterPreston  SR 41 south (Washington Street) – Weston, DawsonWestern end of SR 41 concurrency
  SR 41 north (Cass Street) – Buena Vista, EllavilleEastern end of SR 41 concurrency
SumterPlains   SR 45 south (Bond Street) to SR 308 – Dawson, Jimmy Carter National Historic SiteNorthern terminus of SR 45
  SR 49 south – DawsonWestern end of SR 49 concurrency
   US 19 south / SR 3 south / Spring Street – AlbanyWestern end of US 19/SR 3 concurrency
Americus    US 19 north / SR 3 north / SR 30 west (South MLK Boulevard) – Ellaville, Buena VistaEastern end of US 19/SR 3 concurrency; western end of SR 30 concurrency
  SR 377 south (Lee Street)Northern terminus of SR 377
   SR 49 north (Tripp Street / Crawford Street) – Oglethorpe, Andersonville, Andersonville National Historic Site, Airport, South Georgia Technical College, Georgia Southwestern State UniversityEastern end of SR 49 concurrency
  SR 27 east (Vienna Road) – ViennaEastern end of SR 27 concurrency
Leslie   SR 118 south / SR 195 south (Bailey Avenue) – Leesburg, Smithville, Georgia Rural Telephone MuseumWestern end of SR 195 concurrency; northern terminus of SR 118
De Soto  SR 195 north – AndersonvilleEastern end of SR 195 concurrency
Crisp  SR 300 Conn. south – Albany, CamillaNorthern terminus of SR 300 Conn.
Cordele     I-75 Bus. / US 41 / SR 7 north (7th Street) / SR 90 – Vienna, Ashburn, Historic Downtown CordeleWestern end of SR 90 concurrency
   I-75 (SR 401) to SR 300 – Macon, Valdosta, AlbanyI-75 exit 101
  SR 90 south – RebeccaEastern end of SR 90 concurrency
WilcoxPitts  SR 159 south (10th Street) – Rebecca, AshburnNorthern terminus of SR 159
  SR 215 north (8th Street) – ViennaWestern end of SR 215 concurrency
Rochelle   SR 112 / SR 233 (Ashley Street) – Hawkinsville, Rebecca
  SR 215 south (Gordon Street) – FitzgeraldEastern end of SR 215 concurrency
Abbeville   US 129 / SR 11 (Broad Street) – Hawkinsville, Fitzgerald, Wilcox State Prison
Dodge  SR 87 north (Abbeville Highway) – Eastman, HawkinsvilleSouthern terminus of SR 87
Rhine   SR 117 / SR 165 north (Central Street) – Eastman, JacksonvilleWestern end of SR 165 concurrency
TelfairMilan  SR 165 south (Mt. Zion Street)Eastern end of SR 165 concurrency
McRae-Helena    US 319 south / US 441 south / SR 31 south – Fitzgerald, DouglasWestern end of US 319/US 441/SR 31 concurrency
    US 23 south / US 341 south / SR 27 south (Oak Street) – HazlehurstSouthbound lanes of US 23/US 341/SR 27 on one-way pair
    US 23 north / US 341 north / SR 27 north – EastmanNorthbound lanes of US 23/US 341/SR 27 on one-way pair
Wheeler    US 319 north / US 441 north / SR 31 north – Dublin, Little Ocmulgee State Park & LodgeEastern end of US 319/US 441/SR 31 concurrency
  SR 149 south – ScotlandNorthern terminus of SR 149
Alamo  SR 126 (Commerce Street) – Cadwell, Lumber City
Glenwood  SR 19 (2nd Street) – Dublin, Lumber City
MontgomeryMount Vernon    US 221 / SR 56 (Railroad Avenue) to I-16 – Soperton, Uvalda
AileyBroad StreetFormer SR 227 north
Higgston     SR 15 north / SR 29 north / SR 135 south (James Street) to I-16 – Tarrytown, Soperton, UvaldaWestern end of SR 15/SR 29 concurrency; northern terminus of SR 135
ToombsVidalia  SR 130 (Adams Street) – Uvalda
   SR 15 south / SR 29 south (Jackson Street) – BaxleyEastern end of SR 15/SR 29 concurrency
Lyons    US 1 / SR 4 (South State Street) to I-16 – Swainsboro, Baxley
  SR 86 west – Oak ParkEastern terminus of SR 86
TattnallReidsville  SR 56 west (Shepards Bridge Road) – UvaldaEastern terminus of SR 56
  SR 147 west (Tattnall Street) – State PrisonEastern terminus of SR 147
     SR 23 / SR 57 / SR 121 (Main Street) to I-16 – Metter, Glennville
EvansBellville   SR 169 (Smith Street) to I-16 – Bellville, Jesup
  SR 292 west – ManassasEastern terminus of SR 292
Claxton  SR 129 north (Ralph Street) – MetterWestern end of SR 129 concurrency
    US 25 / US 301 / SR 73 (Duval Street) – Statesboro, Glennville
  SR 129 south (River Street)Eastern end of SR 129 concurrency
BryanPembroke    SR 67 north / SR 119 south (Main Street) to I-16Western end of SR 67/SR 119 concurrency
    SR 67 south / SR 119 north (College Street) to I-16 – SpringfieldEastern end of SR 67/SR 119 concurrency
Lanier   SR 204 east to I-95 – EllabellWestern terminus of SR 204
  I-16 (SR 404) – Macon, SavannahI-16 exit 143
Blitchton    US 80 / SR 26 / SR 30 east – Statesboro, SavannahEastern terminus; eastern end of SR 30 concurrency; former US 280 east
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Governor's Road Improvement Program (GRIP)". Georgia Department of Transportation. 2012. Archived from the original on February 20, 2014. Retrieved February 24, 2014.
  2. ^ Pillion, Dennis (December 6, 2018). "I-59/20 in downtown Birmingham will close for 14 months starting in January: Here are the detours". Al.com.
  3. ^ Paepcke, Jon (January 24, 2019). "Improved I-459 ramp to U.S. 280 set to open in Birmingham" – via www.wvtm13.com.
  4. ^ a b Alabama Department of Transportation. "Milepost Maps". Archived from the original on 2011-07-27. Retrieved 2011-11-23.
  5. ^ National Highway System: Alabama (PDF) (Map). Federal Highway Administration. May 8, 2019. Retrieved August 15, 2019.
  6. ^ National Highway System: Birmingham, AL (PDF) (Map). Federal Highway Administration. May 9, 2019. Retrieved August 15, 2019.
  7. ^ National Highway System: Auburn, AL (PDF) (Map). Federal Highway Administration. May 9, 2019. Retrieved August 15, 2019.
  8. ^ National Highway System: Georgia (PDF) (Map). Federal Highway Administration. May 8, 2019. Retrieved August 15, 2019.
  9. ^ National Highway System: Columbus, GA (PDF) (Map). Federal Highway Administration. May 9, 2019. Retrieved August 15, 2019.

External linksEdit