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U.S. Route 1 (US 1) is a north–south United States highway that runs for 174.1 miles (280.2 km) from the South Carolina state line, near Rockingham, to the Virginia state line, near Wise. It serves as a strategic highway, connecting the North Carolina Sandhills and Research Triangle regions.[3]

U.S. Route 1 marker

U.S. Route 1
Route of US 1 in North Carolina highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by NCDOT
Length174 mi[1][2] (280 km)
Major junctions
South end US 1 at the South Carolina state line
North end US 1 at the Virginia state line
CountiesRichmond, Moore, Lee, Chatham, Wake, Franklin, Vance, Warren
Highway system
NC 906NC 2


Route descriptionEdit

I-40 east in Cary approaching the Raleigh Beltline, which includes US 1.

From the South Carolina state line, US 1 passes through downtown Rockingham as a two-lane road with five-lane boulevard segments before and after downtown. North of Rockingham continues as a two-lane road. Between NC 177 and the Moore County line, begins the multilane highway where it is mostly a five-lane rural highway with a continuous center turn lane. Near the Moore County line becomes a 4 lane divided arterial. In southern Moore County, it continues as a 4 lane arterial with five-lane boulevard segments in Pinebluff, Aberdeen and the southern part of Southern Pines. After the Saunders Boulevard traffic signal, US 1 becomes an Expressway grade bypass in Southern Pines. After North May Street, it becomes a brief four-lane arterial before it becomes a four-lane Expressway after Aiken Road. A mile south of the US 15/US 501` juncture, downgrades as a 4 lane arterial towards Tramway. After Tramway, it becomes a freeway bypassing Sanford and continues to Raleigh as a freeway, sharing briefly with US 64 at Cary and 11 miles (18 km) of the Raleigh Inner-Beltline with I-440. North of Raleigh, US 1 continues as an expressway through Wake Forest and Henderson. Exiting off the connector road before I-85, the highway reverts to a two-lane rural road, paralleling I-85 into Virginia. US 1 through North Carolina generally follows the Fall Line between the Piedmont and the Atlantic Coastal Plain.

Alternate namesEdit

Though the highway is commonly known as "Highway 1" or "U.S. 1" throughout the state, the highway does have other known names it uses locally in areas.


The general route of US 1 in North Carolina was first part of the Capital Highway, an auto trail organized in 1909 to encourage counties along the route to improve the road between Washington and Atlanta.[5] It differed from US 1 north of Norlina, where it ran via Emporia and Roanoke Rapids, and between Southern Pines and Rockingham, where a route via Pinehurst - where the association's president lived - was followed.[6] The Quebec-Miami International Highway, organized in 1911 and renamed the Atlantic Highway in 1915,[7] also followed this corridor, overlapping many parts of the Capital Highway.[8] It initially followed even less of US 1 than the Capital Highway, only taking the same route between Raleigh and Cameron and south of Rockingham,[9] but was modified to match the Capital Highway by 1920.[10][11]

In 1922, the route was designated as North Carolina Highway 50, from the South Carolina state line to Roanoke Rapids. In 1923, the route from Norlina to Roanoke Rapids was renumbered as NC 48; redirecting NC 50 north to Virginia and continuing on to South Hill as VA 122. In 1926, US 1 was established, it was assigned to overlap all of NC 50; it would be in 1934 when NC 50 was dropped from the route.[12]

Since its establishment, US 1 has not changed its route from the South Carolina state line to Pinebluff. The first change along the route happened in 1930 in Raleigh, where minor road changes were done in the downtown area. In 1933, US 1 was moved off Rocky Church Fork Road near Tramway onto new road to the west. Between 1937-1944, US 1 was rerouted in Aberdeen to its current routing and also north of Wise where US 1 moved onto new road east of Mac Powell Road. In 1948, US 1 was removed from most of Wake Forest Road, in Raleigh, and placed onto Louisburg Road; the old route became US 1A. In 1953, US 1 was placed on a bypass west of Wake Forest, leaving the old route to become US 1A.[12]

Around 1956-1957, several changes along US 1 were made: A new bypass build west of Sanford, old route replaced by US 1A (later US 1 Business). In Raleigh, US 1 was redirected onto one-way streets Dawson and McDowell that connected to a new road called Capital Boulevard, which connected US 1 back onto Louisburg Road; Person Street and Wake Forest Road became secondary roads ever since. Finally, a new Super-2 bypass was built east of Henderson; which would later become a full freeway between 1991-1993.[12]

In 1960, US 1 was placed on a Super-2, bypassing Moncure. Around 1963, US 1 was placed onto new freeway between Apex (via NC 55) to North Boulevard (today an extension of Capital Boulevard), in north Raleigh. The old route to Hillsborough Road became what is today Salem Street, Old Apex Road and East Chatham Street (via Cary), while the routing through Raleigh became US 1 Business (1963-1975). Around 1965, the Super-2, from Moncure, extended north into Apex. In 1975, the Super-2, from Moncure, extended south to Sanford, connecting to its bypass. The entire route between Sanford to Apex became a freeway by the mid-1990s.[12][13]

In June, 2005, a new freeway bypass was built east of Vass and Cameron; the old route became US 1 Business.[12]


The NCDOT, in collaboration with the Department of Commerce and the Department of Environment and Natural Resources,[14] has designated US 1 as a Strategic Highway Corridor from Interstate 85 in Henderson to the South Carolina state line. From I-85 to I-540 in Raleigh, US 1 is recommended to be improved to a freeway. From I-540 to I-440 (the Capital Boulevard section in Raleigh) it is recommended be improved to an expressway (nearby freeway I-540 will maintain mobility). From I-440 to south of I-74/US 220 in Richmond County, it is designated as a freeway. South of I-74 to the South Carolina state line, it is designated as an expressway.[15] The Strategic Corridors Initiative is an effort to protect and maximize mobility and connectivity on a core set of highway corridors, while promoting environmental stewardship through maximizing the use of existing facilities to the extent possible, and fostering economic prosperity through the quick and efficient movement of people and goods.[14]

Warren CountyEdit

US 1 is not designated as Strategic Highway Corridor from the Vance County Line to US 401, as it is a 2 lane highway, with mobility being met by nearby I-85. However, the part of US 1 that is concurrent US 401 near I-85 is designated as a boulevard. (US 401 is designated as a boulevard from US 1 in Wake County to I-85). The small section of US 1 from I-85 to the Virginia State Line is also not designated.[15] The 2010 Warren County Comprehensive Transportation Plan, which addresses transportation needs to the year 2035, concurs with these recommendations. The plan was adopted by all Warren County municipalities and NCDOT in 2007 and 2008.[16]

Vance CountyEdit

The Comprehensive Transportation Plan for Vance County, which will address transportation needs to the year 2040, is currently under study.[17] US 1 in Vance County from I-85 to the Warren County line not designated as a Strategic Highway Corridor, as mobility is served by nearby I-85.[15]

Franklin CountyEdit

The Franklin County Comprehensive Transportation Plan, which addresses transportation needs to the year 2035, US 1 is recommended to be improved to a 4 lane freeway throughout the county. The plan was adopted by all Franklin County Municipalities, the Capital Area Metropolitan Planning Organization, and NCDOT in 2011.[18] Recently, a US 1 Corridor Study, managed by the Capital Area Metropolitan Organization, identified improvements between I-540 in Wake County to US 1A in Franklin County.[19]

Wake CountyEdit

Recently, a US 1 Corridor Study, managed by the Capital Area Metropolitan Organization, identified improvements between I-540 in Wake County to US 1A in Franklin County.[19]

Lee CountyEdit

Based on the 2011 Lee County Comprehensive Transportation Plan, which addresses transportation needs to the year 2035, US 1 is recommended to be improved to a 6 lane freeway from Chatham County to the US15-501 split. The remainder to the Moore County line is recommended to be improved to a 4 lane freeway. The improvements will increase capacity to address anticipated deficiencies and maintain statewide mobility. The plan was adopted by the County, Sanford, Broadway, and NCDOT in 2008.[20]

Moore CountyEdit

In 2011, the North Carolina Department of Transportation, Moore County, and the Triangle Rural Planning Organization started work on a Comprehensive Transportation Plan to plan for future (2040) transportation improvements.[21] State Law calls on each municipality to work cooperatively with NCDOT to develop such a plan to serve present and future travel demand.[22] In November, 2011, seven public charrettes were held to document local priorities on five transportation areas within the county, including US 1.[23]

Many in the community fear that a US 1 Bypass project has been planned even though NCDOT has said repeatedly that there is no US 1 Bypass[24] or any other US 1 improvements identified.[25] The strongest opposition of any type of US 1 improvement has come from some area residents, the equestrian community and some business leaders. It is the aspiration of the opposition to lead towards no-build alternatives.[24] However, since the Comprehensive Transportation Plan is based on 2040 travel demand, it is possible that no-build alternatives may not accommodate 2040 traffic, which may necessitate the need to plan for some type of future improvements.[21]

Moore County Commissioners held a meeting on December 15, 2011 and passed a resolution against a US 1 bypass. Furthermore, the Southern Pines town council voted 4-1 against any US 1 improvements. Southern Pines Town Council member Fred Walden was the only dissenter on a US 1 bypass.[26]

At this time, the cooperative effort to develop a Comprehensive Transportation Plan for Moore County is continuing. The plan which includes US 1, must address existing and future traffic and balance local priorities with future transportation needs.[27] In a February, 2012 meeting with the town of Aberdeen, local officials raised concerns over the improvement of US 1. NCDOT officials stated that there are "no lines on maps for any roads at this point". Also, it was conveyed that without a Comprehensive Transportation Plan, money for future projects may be "adversely affected".[25]

Richmond CountyEdit

As of December 2011, there has been no opposition for a proposed north-south Rockingham bypass. The widening project from the Moore County line to near NC 177 has been recently completed from a two-lane principal highway to mostly a 5 lane road with a small divided section near the Mackall Airfield. US 1 is now four lanes or greater from the US 1/I-85 interchange in Henderson, Vance County. Once US 1 enters South Carolina, there is no intention of widening US 1 to Cheraw and points south to Camden

In December 2012, public hearings have been held in Richmond County for the $260 million bypass. The project would begin at NC 177 and rejoin US 1 south of Rockingham by Sandhill Road, near the South Carolina state line.[28]

Junction listEdit

Richmond0.00.0  US 1 south – CherawContinuation into South Carolina
   Future I-74 / US 74 – Laurinburg, Monroe
10.917.5  US 220 north – AsheboroSouthern terminus of US 220
  US 74 Bus. (Broad Avenue) – Wadesboro, Hamlet
22.335.9  NC 177 – Hamlet
MooreAberdeen37.760.7    US 15 south / US 501 south / NC 211 east (Poindexter Street) – Laurinburg, RaefordSouth end of US 15/US 501 and east end of NC 211 overlap
37.961.0  NC 5 (South Street) – Pinehurst
39.563.6    US 15 north / US 501 north / NC 211 west – PinehurstNorth end of US 15/US 501 and west end of NC 211 overlap
Southern Pines40.565.2Old U.S. Highway 1 – Southern Pines Business DistrictNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
40.865.7Morganton RoadNo southbound entrance
41.666.9Pennsylvania Avenue
42.768.7   NC 2 west (Midland Road) to NC 22 – Carthage, Pinehurst, Whispering PinesTwo northbound exits; to Sandhills Community College and Moore County Airport
  US 1 Bus. north – Vass
50.381.0  NC 690 (Main Street) – Vass
Cameron55.789.6   NC 24 / NC 27 (Carthage Street) – Cameron, Lillington, Fayetteville
  US 1 Bus. south – Cameron
Superstreet intersection
62.199.9   US 15 south / US 501 south (Whitehill Road) – Pinehurst, CarthageSouth end of US 15/US 501 overlap
Tramway64.4103.6  NC 78 east (Tramway Road)
   US 1 Bus. north / NC 42 (Wicker Street) – Asheboro, Fuquay-Varina
68.0109.468Spring Lane
   US 421 Bus. / NC 87 south (Horner Boulevard) – Dunn, Greensboro
South end of NC 87 overlap
69.1111.269BBurns Drive / Canterbury Road
   US 421 / NC 87 Byp. south (Oscar Keller Jr. Highway) – Lillington, Siler City, Greensboro
Signed as exits 70A (south) and 70B (north)
     US 15 north / US 501 north / US 1 Bus. south / NC 87 north – Pittsboro, Chapel Hill
North end of US 15/US 501/NC 87 overlap
73.8118.874Colon Road
76.3122.876Farrell Road
78.7126.778Deep River Road
ChathamMoncure79.5127.979Moncure-Pittsboro Road
81.7131.581Pea Ridge Road
Merry Oaks84.4135.884Old U.S. Highway 1
WakeNew Hill89.1143.489New Hill Holleman Road
     NC 540 Toll (Triangle Expressway) to I-540 to NC 55 to NC 147 – Durham
Signed as exits 93A (south) and 93B (north)
Apex95.1153.095  NC 55 (Williams Street) – Apex, Holly Springs, Fuquay-Varina
96.5155.396Ten Ten Road
Cary98.2158.098ATryon Road
98.5158.598B  US 64 west – Apex, Pittsboro, AsheboroWest end of US 64 overlap
99.6160.399Cary Parkway
101.3163.0101Walnut Street, Buck Jones Road, Crossroads BoulevardSigned as exits 101A (Walnut Street) and 101B (Buck Jones Road, Crossroads Boulevard) southbound
Raleigh101.9164.01   I-40 / US 64 east – Durham, Benson, Rocky MountEast end of US 64 and west end of I-440 overlap; Signed as exits 1A (east) and 1B (west)
102.8165.41CJones Franklin Road
103.9167.21DMelbourne RoadSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
104.4168.02Western Boulevard – Downtown Raleigh, CarySigned as exits 2A (east) and 2B (west); westbound left entrance
105.5169.83  NC 54 (Hillsborough Street) – Meredith College
105.8170.34  To I-40 west / Wade Avenue – Cameron Village, DurhamSigned southbound as exits 4A (east) and 4B (west); access to the RDU International Airport
106.9172.05Lake Boone Trail
108.2174.16Ridge Roadnorthbound exit and entrance; southbound exit is part of exit 7A
108.5174.67   US 70 / NC 50 (Glenwood Avenue) / Ridge Road – Crabtree Valley, DurhamSigned southbound as exits 7A (east) and 7B (west)
110.3177.58Six Forks Road – North HillsSigned as exits 8A (south) and 8B (north)
111.5179.410Wake Forest Road
112.6181.211   I-440 east / US 401 south (Capital Boulevard) – Rocky MountEast end of I-440 and south end US 401 overlap
115.2185.4  US 401 north (Louisburg Road) – Rolesville, LouisburgNorth end US 401 overlap
117.8189.6  I-540 – Durham, Louisburg
Wake Forest123.4198.6  US 1A north (Main Street) / New Falls of the Neuse Road – Wake Forest
124.5200.4124  NC 98 (Durham Road) – Wake Forest, Durham
  NC 98 Bus. – Wake Forest Downtown
FranklinYoungsville130.7210.3  NC 96 – Oxford, Youngsville
131.7212.0  US 1A south – Youngsville
133.8215.3  US 1A north (Main Street) – Franklinton
Franklinton135.3217.7  NC 56 (Green Street) – Franklinton, Creedmoor
136.3219.4  US 1A south (Main Street) – Franklinton
  US 1 Bus. north (Raleigh Road)
  US 1 Bus. north (Raleigh Road) – Henderson
Northbound exit and southbound entrance
148.5239.0Bearpond Road
Henderson150.2241.7Vanco Mill Road
151.7244.1  NC 39 (Andrews Avenue) – Henderson
154.0247.8Warrenton Road
    To I-85 north / US 158 west / US 1 Bus. south (Garnett Street) – Richmond, Henderson
West end of US 158 overlap; freeway continues onto north I-85
Middleburg157.8254.0  I-85 – Richmond, Durham
WarrenNorlina166.3267.6   US 158 east / US 401 south – WarrentonEast end of US 158 and south end of US 401 overlap
173.3278.9   I-85 / US 401 – Richmond, DurhamNorth end of US 401 overlap
174.1280.2  US 1 – South HillContinuation into Virginia
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See alsoEdit


Route map:

KML is from Wikidata
  1. ^ American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, United States Numbered Highways Archived 2007-02-04 at the Wayback Machine, 1989 Edition
  2. ^ a b Google (2011-03-04). "US 1" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2011-03-04.
  3. ^ "NCDOT: Strategic Highway Corridors". Archived from the original on 2011-01-29. Retrieved 2011-03-04.
  4. ^ a b c "North Carolina Memorial Highways and other Named Facilities" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-05-19. Retrieved 2011-03-03.
  5. ^ The Washington Post, Push Capital Highway, September 1, 1909
  6. ^ American Association for Highway Improvement, The Official Good Roads Year Book of the United States, 1912, p. 342
  7. ^ William Kaszynski, The American Highway: The History and Culture of Roads in the United States, 2000, p. 38
  8. ^ American Highway Association, Good Roads Year Book, 1917, p. 491
  9. ^ American Automobile Association, General Map of Transcontinental Trails with Principal Connections, 1918
  10. ^ Rand McNally, New Official Railroad Map of the United States and Southern Canada, 1920
  11. ^ Automobile Club of America and National Highways Association, United States Touring Map, 1924
  12. ^ a b c d e " U.S. 1". Archived from the original on 2010-11-25. Retrieved 2011-03-04.
  13. ^ "OpenStreetMap". OpenStreetMap. Retrieved 2019-07-08.
  14. ^ a b "NCDOT, Strategic Highway Corridors". 2004-09-02. Archived from the original on 2012-09-10. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
  15. ^ a b c "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-11-26. Retrieved 2012-02-11.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  16. ^ Webmaster. "NCDOT, Planning & Environment, Transportation Planning Branch". Archived from the original on 2011-11-26. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
  17. ^ Webmaster (2012-06-05). "NCDOT, Planning & Environment, Transportation Planning Branch". Archived from the original on 2012-07-23. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
  18. ^ Webmaster. "NCDOT, Planning & Environment, Transportation Planning Branch". Archived from the original on 2012-05-19. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
  19. ^ a b "US 1 Corridor Study". NCDOT. Archived from the original on 2012-03-24. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
  20. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-24. Retrieved 2012-02-11.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  21. ^ a b Webmaster. "NCDOT, Planning & Environment, Transportation Planning Branch". Archived from the original on 2012-05-19. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
  22. ^ "GS_136-66.2". 1959-07-01. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
  23. ^ "NCDOT: Moore County Transportation Plan". Archived from the original on 2012-08-22. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
  24. ^ a b "Horse Country Group Makes Case Against Bypass | The Pilot: Southern Pines, NC". The Pilot. 2011-10-20. Archived from the original on 2012-09-12. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
  25. ^ a b "Aberdeen Raises Concerns on U.S. 1 Options | The Pilot: Southern Pines, NC". The Pilot. 2012-02-02. Archived from the original on 2013-02-04. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
  26. ^ "Walden Clarifies Stance on Horse Country Bypass | The Pilot: Southern Pines, NC". The Pilot. 2011-12-15. Archived from the original on 2012-09-12. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
  27. ^ [1][dead link]
  28. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-02-10. Retrieved 2012-12-05.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)

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