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U.S. Route 51 or U.S. Highway 51 (US 51) is a major south-north United States highway that extends 1,277 miles (2,055 km) from the western suburbs of New Orleans, Louisiana, to within 150 feet (46 m) of the WisconsinMichigan state line. As most of the United States Numbered Highways ending with "1", it is a cross-country north-south route extending from the Gulf Coast region to the Great Lakes region. Much of the highway in northern Illinois and southern Wisconsin runs parallel to or is cosigned with Interstate 39 (I-39) and much of the route in several states also parallels the Illinois Central Railroad. From LaPlace, Louisiana, Mississippi, to Memphis, Tennessee, much of that portion of US 51 runs largely parallel or is concurrent with Interstate 55 (I-55). The highway's northern terminus is between Hurley, Wisconsin, and Ironwood, Michigan, where it ends with a T interchange at US 2. Its southern terminus is in Laplace, Louisiana, ending at US 61. US 51 travels in the states of Louisiana, Mississippi, Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, and Wisconsin.

U.S. Route 51 marker

U.S. Route 51
Route information
Length1,277 mi[2] (2,055 km)
ExistedNovember 11, 1926 (1926-11-11)[1]–present
Major junctions
South end US 61 in LaPlace, LA
 
North end US 2 north of Hurley, WI
Location
StatesLouisiana, Mississippi, Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Wisconsin
Highway system

In addition to singing about US 61 on his album Highway 61 Revisited, musician Bob Dylan also commemorated US 51, covering the folk song "Highway 51 Blues", earlier recorded by both Curtis Jones and Tommy McClennan, on his eponymous album Bob Dylan. The North Mississippi Allstars also paid tribute to the highway in the title track of their album 51 Phantom.

In Memphis, Tennessee, all of US 51 south of South Parkway East was renamed from Bellevue Boulevard to Elvis Presley Boulevard. Graceland sits on this highway, in the subdivision of Whitehaven.

In 2004, the six states that US 51 traverses banded together as the Explore Hwy 51 Coalition to help promote this "All-American Road". The group now offers visitor information for traveling the length of the road.[3]

Route descriptionEdit

LouisianaEdit

US 51 crosses the Mississippi–Louisiana border a few miles north of Kentwood and continues to parallel I-55 until just below its interchanges with Louisiana Highway 3234(LA 3234) and US 190 it joins I-55 just south of Hammond at exit 28. From Hammond, the two highways, running concurrently, cross the swamps between Ponchatoula and Laplace on viaducts to I-10, where I-55 ends. The old highway is located to the east of the interstate and is still used for local traffic. US 51 continues southwestward into Laplace where it meets its end at US 61 (Airline Highway). In the 1930s, this highway was called Jefferson Davis Highway.[4]

Before the construction of I-55, US 51 was routed along what is now US 51 Business between Hammond and Ponchatoula. US 51 Business ends at the joined I-55/US 51 south of Ponchatoula. From this point southward, while US 51 is joined with I-55, the former routing of US 51 lies at ground level just to the east of I-55/US 51 and carries no designation. While the southern terminus of US 51 is in Laplace at U.S. 61, it was once co-signed with U.S. 61 into downtown New Orleans. However, it was originally slated to head toward New Orleans along the south shore of Lake Pontchartrain via the New Orleans–Hammond Highway (old LA 33), which was never completed.

MississippiEdit

US 51 enters Mississippi from Tennessee at Southaven and parallels Interstate 55 to the east for much of its length, except for the section between the Tennessee line and Grenada, where it parallels the highway to the west. From Memphis, US 51 passes through Senatobia, Batesville, Grenada, Winona and Canton before reaching Jackson.

At the Jackson-Ridgeland line, US 51 overlaps I-55 from Exit 103 (County Line Road) to Exit 96A (Pearl Street) downtown. The split is only temporary as the highway traverses Pearl, Pascagoula and State streets and meets I-55 again at Exit 93 (Interstate 20/I-55/State Street interchange). The Natchez Trace Parkway is crossed near Clinton.

The two highways run together until Exit 72 (North Crystal Springs). The highway then parallels the interstate through Hazlehurst, Brookhaven and McComb until it reaches the Louisiana border.

The Mississippi section of US 51 is defined at Mississippi Code Annotated § 65-3-3.

TennesseeEdit

US 51 travels through Memphis and up to the Kentucky border in the Mississippi valley. It is planned to become or be bypassed by Interstate 69 through Tennessee.

KentuckyEdit

U.S 51 enters Kentucky at Fulton, and continues north through the towns of Clinton, Bardwell and Wickliffe to the Ohio River, where it is multiplexed with U.S highways 60 and 62 over the Ohio.

IllinoisEdit

 
US 51 between Mounds and Cairo, during the Great Mississippi Flood of 1927.

US 51 enters Illinois from Kentucky at the town of Cairo. The route heads northbound to a village near Cairo called Mounds, and begins to overlap I-57, following it for 24 miles (39 km) to Dongola, before splitting and heading north. The route remains two lanes from Dongola to just before Assumption with the exception of a 10-mile (16 km) section between Centralia and I-64.

Past Assumption, US 51 becomes an expressway to Decatur. In Decatur, US 51 follows I-72 to bypass town. US 51 leaves I-72 after eight miles (13 km), and heads north to BloomingtonNormal as an expressway. At Bloomington–Normal, US 51 follows I-74 for a mile, then I-55 for seven miles (11 km), before following I-39 for 140 miles (230 km).

US 51 follows I-39, intersecting I-80 and I-88 along the way. The highway also follows US 20 south of Rockford (while still following I-39). I-39/US 51 joins I-90, making US 51 of the only toll roads in Illinois that is a U.S. Highway. US 51 exits I-39/I-90 just a mile south of the Wisconsin state line. US 51 follows Illinois Route 75 (IL 75) west to the intersection of IL 251, then turns north through South Beloit to enter Wisconsin.

WisconsinEdit

 
Northern terminus of US 51 at US 2 in Hurley, WI

In the state of Wisconsin, US 51 enters from Illinois at Beloit. US 51 splits off from I-39/I-90 in South Beloit, Illinois, and continues north through Janesville and Edgerton. In Edgerton, US 51 rejoins I-39/I-90 for 3.5 miles (5.6 km) before splitting off towards Stoughton and McFarland. US 51 runs almost parallel to I-39/I-90 through the eastern portion of Madison, crosses the Interstate in DeForest, and finally rejoins I-39 again at Portage. US 51 runs concurrently with I-39 until I-39's terminus in Wausau and continues on as a mixture of freeway and expressway until just north of the interchange with US 8. From there through Hazelhurst, US 51 is a two-lane road with sporadic three-lane sections (which were constructed in 2008). US 51 expands to four lanes, with a central fifth turn lane from Hazelhurst to Arbor Vitae; north of Arbor Vitae it returns to two lanes and continues to its northern terminus in Hurley, where it junctions with US 2.

Major intersectionsEdit

Louisiana
  US 61 in LaPlace
  I-10 in LaPlace
  I-55 northeast of LaPlace. The highways travel concurrently to Hammond.
  US 190 in Hammond
Mississippi
  US 98 in McComb
  US 84 south of Brookhaven
  I-55 in Crystal Springs. The highways travel concurrently to Jackson.
   I-20 / US 49 in Jackson. The highways travel concurrently through the city.
  US 80 in Jackson
  US 82 in Winona
  US 278 in Batesville
Tennessee
   I-55 / Future I-69 in Memphis
  US 78 in Memphis
     US 64 / US 70 / US 72 / US 79 in Memphis. US 51/US 64/US 70/US 79 travels concurrently through the city.
  I-240 in Memphis
  I-40 in Memphis
  Future I-69 in Memphis
  Future I-269 in Millington
  US 412 in Dyersburg. The highways travel concurrently through the city.
    Future I-69 / I-155 / US 412 in Dyersburg. I-69/US 51 travels concurrently to southwest of Troy.
  US 45W northeast of Union City. The highways travel concurrently to South Fulton.
   US 45 / US 45E in South Fulton
Kentucky
  Future I-69 in Fulton. The highways travel concurrently through the city.
  US 62 in Bardwell. The highways travel concurrently to Cairo, Illinois.
  US 60 in Wickliffe. The highways travel concurrently to Cairo, Illinois.
Illinois
  I-57 in Cairo. The highways travel concurrently to near Dongola.
  I-64 in Richview
  US 50 in Sandoval. The highways travel concurrently through the village.
  US 40 in Vandalia Township. The highways travel concurrently to Vandalia.
  I-70 in Vandalia
  US 36 in Harristown
  I-72 in Harristown. The highways travel concurrently to Decatur.
  I-74 in Bloomington Township. The highways travel concurrently to northwest of Normal.
  I-55 in Bloomington. The highways travel concurrently to Normal.
  US 150 in Bloomington
   I-39 / I-55 in Normal. I-39/US 51 travels concurrently to South Beloit.
  US 24 in El Paso
  US 6 in LaSalle
  I-80 in LaSalle
  US 52 on the Troy GroveOphir township line
  US 34 in Mendota Township
  US 30 on the AmboyFranklin Grove township line
  I-88 in Dement Township
  US 20 in Rockford. The highways travel concurrently to Cherry Valley.
  I-90 in Cherry Valley. The highways travel concurrently to South Beloit.
Wisconsin
  US 14 in the Town of Janesville
   I-39 / I-90 in the Town of Albion. The highways travel concurrently through the town.
   US 12 / US 18 in Madison
  US 151 in Madison
    I-39 / I-90 / I-94 in the Town of Burke
  I-39 in the Town of Fort Winnebago. The highways travel concurrently to the Town of Rib Mountain.
  US 10 in Stevens Point. The highways travel concurrently to the Town of Hull.
  US 8 in the Town of King
  US 2 in the Town of Kimball

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bureau of Public Roads & American Association of State Highway Officials (November 11, 1926). United States System of Highways Adopted for Uniform Marking by the American Association of State Highway Officials (Map). 1:7,000,000. Washington, DC: United States Geological Survey. OCLC 32889555. Retrieved December 6, 2016 – via University of North Texas Libraries.
  2. ^ "U.S. Route Number Database". American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. December 2009. Retrieved December 6, 2016.
  3. ^ "Explore Highway 51 Coalition". Archived from the original on April 8, 2014. Retrieved October 9, 2014.
  4. ^ Times Picayune, January 26, 1930

External linksEdit

Browse numbered routes
  MS 50MSMS 53