United States District Court for the District of Columbia
The United States District Court for the District of Columbia (in case citations, D.D.C.) is a federal district court. Appeals from the District are taken to the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).
|United States District Court for the District of Columbia|
|Location||E. Barrett Prettyman U.S. Courthouse|
|Appeals to||District of Columbia Circuit|
|Established||March 3, 1863|
|Chief Judge||Beryl A. Howell|
|Officers of the court|
|U.S. Attorney||Jessie K. Liu|
The court was established by Congress in 1863 as the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia, replacing the abolished circuit and district courts of the District of Columbia that had been in place since 1801. The court consisted of four justices, including a chief justice, and was granted the same powers and jurisdiction as the earlier circuit court. Any of the justices could convene a United States circuit court or a local criminal court. In 1936, Congress renamed the court the District Court of the United States for the District of Columbia. Its current name was adopted in 1948, and from then on justices were known as judges.
Originally housed in the former District of Columbia City Hall, the court now sits in the E. Barrett Prettyman Federal Courthouse located at 333 Constitution Avenue, Northwest, Washington, D.C. The District has no local district attorney or equivalent, and so local prosecutorial matters also fall into the jurisdiction of the United States Attorney for the District of Columbia. Assistant United States Attorneys (AUSAs) are tasked with prosecution of not only federal crimes but also crimes that would normally be left to the state prosecutor's discretion. Because of this the District has the largest U.S. Attorney's Office in the nation, with around 250 AUSAs.
As of December 1, 2018
|#||Title||Judge||Duty station||Born||Term of service||Appointed by|
|96||Chief Judge||Beryl A. Howell||Washington, D.C.||1956||2010–present||2016–present||—||Obama|
|85||District Judge||Emmet G. Sullivan||Washington, D.C.||1947||1994–present||—||—||Clinton|
|88||District Judge||Colleen Kollar-Kotelly||Washington, D.C.||1943||1997–present||—||—||Clinton|
|98||District Judge||James E. Boasberg||Washington, D.C.||1963||2011–present||—||—||Obama|
|99||District Judge||Amy Berman Jackson||Washington, D.C.||1954||2011–present||—||—||Obama|
|100||District Judge||Rudolph Contreras||Washington, D.C.||1962||2012–present||—||—||Obama|
|101||District Judge||Ketanji Brown Jackson||Washington, D.C.||1970||2013–present||—||—||Obama|
|102||District Judge||Christopher R. Cooper||Washington, D.C.||1966||2014–present||—||—||Obama|
|103||District Judge||Tanya S. Chutkan||Washington, D.C.||1962||2014–present||—||—||Obama|
|104||District Judge||Randolph Moss||Washington, D.C.||1961||2014–present||—||—||Obama|
|105||District Judge||Amit P. Mehta||Washington, D.C.||1971||2014–present||—||—||Obama|
|106||District Judge||Timothy J. Kelly||Washington, D.C.||1969||2017–present||—||—||Trump|
|107||District Judge||Trevor N. McFadden||Washington, D.C.||1978||2017–present||—||—||Trump|
|108||District Judge||Dabney L. Friedrich||Washington, D.C.||1967||2017–present||—||—||Trump|
|109||District Judge||vacant||Washington, D.C.||—||—||—||—||—|
|74||Senior Judge||Joyce Hens Green||inactive||1928||1979–1995||—||1995–present||Carter|
|77||Senior Judge||Thomas F. Hogan||Washington, D.C.||1938||1982–2008||2001–2008||2008–present||Reagan|
|81||Senior Judge||Royce Lamberth||San Antonio, Texas[Note 1]||1943||1987–2013||2008–2013||2013–present||Reagan|
|83||Senior Judge||Paul L. Friedman||Washington, D.C.||1944||1994–2009||—||2009–present||Clinton|
|84||Senior Judge||Gladys Kessler||inactive||1938||1994–2007||—||2007–present||Clinton|
|89||Senior Judge||Henry H. Kennedy Jr.||inactive||1948||1997–2011||—||2011–present||Clinton|
|90||Senior Judge||Richard W. Roberts||inactive||1953||1998–2016||2013–2016||2016–present||Clinton|
|91||Senior Judge||Ellen Segal Huvelle||Washington, D.C.||1948||1999–2014||—||2014–present||Clinton|
|92||Senior Judge||Reggie Walton||Washington, D.C.||1949||2001–2015||—||2015–present||G. W. Bush|
|93||Senior Judge||John D. Bates[Note 2]||Washington, D.C.||1946||2001–2014||—||2014–present||G. W. Bush|
|94||Senior Judge||Richard J. Leon||Washington, D.C.||1949||2002–2016||—||2016–present||G. W. Bush|
|95||Senior Judge||Rosemary M. Collyer||Washington, D.C.||1945||2002–2016||—||2016–present||G. W. Bush|
- Lamberth moved his chambers to San Antonio in 2015.
- Appointed Director of the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts on June 11, 2013, effective July 1, 2013, by Chief Justice of the Supreme Court John Roberts. He retained his commission as a United States District Court Judge.
Vacancies and pending nominationsEdit
|Seat||Seat last held by||Vacancy reason||Date of vacancy||Nominee||Date of nomination|
|3||Richard W. Roberts||Senior Status||March 16, 2016||Carl J. Nichols||January 23, 2019|
|#||Judge||State||Born–died||Active service||Chief Judge||Senior status||Appointed by||Reason for|
|1||David Kellogg Cartter||DC||1812–1887||1863–1887||1863–1887||—||Lincoln||death|
|2||George P. Fisher||DC||1817–1899||1863–1870||—||—||Lincoln||resignation|
|3||Abram B. Olin||DC||1808–1879||1863–1879||—||—||Lincoln||retirement|
|5||David Campbell Humphreys||DC||1817–1879||1870–1879||—||—||Grant||death|
|6||Arthur MacArthur Sr.||DC||1815–1896||1870–1887||—||—||Grant||retirement|
|7||Alexander Burton Hagner||DC||1826–1915||1879–1903||—||—||Hayes||retirement|
|8||Walter Smith Cox||DC||1826–1902||1879–1899||—||—||Hayes||retirement|
|9||Charles Pinckney James||DC||1818–1899||1879–1892||—||—||Hayes||retirement|
|10||William Matthews Merrick||DC||1818–1889||1885–1889||—||—||Cleveland||death|
|11||Martin V. Montgomery||DC||1840–1898||1887–1892||—||—||Cleveland||resignation|
|12||Edward Franklin Bingham||DC||1828–1907||1887–1903||1887–1903||—||Cleveland||retirement|
|13||Andrew Coyle Bradley||DC||1844–1902||1889–1902||—||—||B. Harrison||death|
|14||Louis E. McComas||DC||1846–1907||1892–1899||—||—||B. Harrison||resignation|
|15||Charles Cleaves Cole||DC||1841–1905||1893–1901||—||—||B. Harrison||resignation|
|16||Harry M. Clabaugh||DC||1856–1914||1899–1903||—||—||McKinley||appointment as Chief Justice|
|16.1||Harry M. Clabaugh||DC||1856–1914||1903–1914||1903–1914||—||T. Roosevelt||death|
|18||Thomas H. Anderson||DC||1848–1916||1901–1916||—||—||McKinley||death|
|19||Ashley Mulgrave Gould||DC||1859–1921||1902–1921||—||—||T. Roosevelt||death|
|20||Jeter Connelly Pritchard||DC||1857–1921||1903–1904||—||—||T. Roosevelt||appointment to 4th Cir.|
|21||Daniel Thew Wright||DC||1864–1943||1903–1914||—||—||T. Roosevelt||resignation|
|22||Wendell Phillips Stafford||DC||1861–1953||1904–1931||—||—||T. Roosevelt||retirement|
|23||J. Harry Covington||DC||1870–1942||1914–1918||1914–1918||—||Wilson||resignation|
|24||Walter I. McCoy||DC||1859–1933||1914–1918||—||—||Wilson||appointment as Chief Justice|
|24.1||Walter I. McCoy||DC||1859–1933||1918–1929||1918–1929||—||Wilson||retirement|
|25||Frederick Lincoln Siddons||DC||1864–1931||1915–1931||—||—||Wilson||death|
|26||William Hitz||DC||1872–1935||1916–1931||—||—||Wilson||appointment to D.C. Cir.|
|27||Thomas Jennings Bailey||DC||1867–1963||1918–1950||—||1950–1963||Wilson||death|
|28||Adolph A. Hoehling Jr.||DC||1868–1941||1921–1927||—||—||Harding||resignation|
|30||Alfred Adams Wheat||DC||1867–1943||1929–1930||—||—||Hoover||appointment as Chief Justice|
|30.1||Alfred Adams Wheat||DC||1867–1943||1930–1941||1930–1941||1941–1943||Hoover||death|
|31||Jesse Corcoran Adkins||DC||1879–1955||1930–1946||—||1946–1955||Hoover||death|
|32||Oscar Raymond Luhring||DC||1879–1944||1930–1944||—||—||Hoover||death|
|33||Joseph Winston Cox||DC||1875–1939||1930–1939||—||—||Hoover||death|
|34||James McPherson Proctor||DC||1882–1953||1931–1948||—||—||Hoover||appointment to D.C. Cir.|
|35||F. Dickinson Letts||DC||1875–1965||1931–1961||1958–1959||1961–1965||Hoover||death|
|36||Daniel William O'Donoghue||DC||1876–1948||1931–1946||—||1946–1948||Hoover||death|
|37||Bolitha James Laws||DC||1891–1958||1938–1945||—||—||F. Roosevelt||appointment as Chief Justice|
|37.1||Bolitha James Laws||DC||1891–1958||1945–1948||1945–1948||—||F. Roosevelt||appointment as District Judge|
|37.2||Bolitha James Laws||DC||1891–1958||1948–1958||1948–1958||—||operation of law||death|
|38||Thomas Alan Goldsborough||DC||1877–1951||1939–1951||—||—||F. Roosevelt||death|
|39||James Ward Morris||DC||1890–1960||1939–1960||—||—||F. Roosevelt||death|
|40||David Andrew Pine||DC||1891–1970||1940–1965||1959–1961||1965–1970||F. Roosevelt||death|
|41||Matthew Francis McGuire||DC||1898–1986||1941–1966||1961–1966||1966–1986||F. Roosevelt||death|
|42||Edward C. Eicher||DC||1878–1944||1942–1944||1942–1944||—||F. Roosevelt||death|
|43||Henry Albert Schweinhaut||DC||1902–1970||1944–1956||—||1956–1970||F. Roosevelt||death|
|45||Richmond Bowling Keech||DC||1896–1986||1946–1966||1966–1966||1966–1986||Truman||death|
|46||Edward Matthew Curran||DC||1903–1988||1946–1971||1966–1971||1971–1988||Truman||death|
|47||Edward Allen Tamm||DC||1906–1985||1948–1965||—||—||Truman||appointment to D.C. Cir.|
|48||James Robert Kirkland||DC||1903–1958||1949–1958||—||—||Truman||death|
|49||Burnita Shelton Matthews||DC||1894–1988||1949–1968||—||1968–1988||Truman||death|
|50||Charles F. McLaughlin||DC||1887–1976||1949–1964||—||1964–1976||Truman||death|
|51||Walter Maximillian Bastian||DC||1891–1975||1950–1954||—||—||Truman||appointment to D.C. Cir.|
|53||Joseph Charles McGarraghy||DC||1897–1975||1954–1967||—||1967–1975||Eisenhower||death|
|55||George Luzerne Hart Jr.||DC||1905–1984||1958–1979||1974–1975||1979–1984||Eisenhower||death|
|56||Leonard Patrick Walsh||DC||1904–1980||1959–1971||—||1971–1980||Eisenhower||death|
|57||William Blakely Jones||DC||1907–1979||1962–1977||1975–1977||1977–1979||Kennedy||death|
|58||Spottswood William Robinson III||DC||1916–1998||1964–1966||—||—||L. Johnson||appointment to D.C. Cir.|
|59||Howard Francis Corcoran||DC||1906–1989||1965–1977||—||1977–1989||L. Johnson||death|
|60||William B. Bryant||DC||1911–2005||1965–1982||1977–1981||1982–2005||L. Johnson||death|
|61||Oliver Gasch||DC||1906–1999||1965–1981||—||1981–1999||L. Johnson||death|
|62||John Lewis Smith Jr.||DC||1912–1992||1966–1983||1981–1982||1983–1992||L. Johnson||death|
|63||Aubrey Eugene Robinson Jr.||DC||1922–2000||1966–1992||1982–1992||1992–2000||L. Johnson||death|
|64||Joseph Cornelius Waddy||DC||1911–1978||1967–1978||—||—||L. Johnson||death|
|65||Gerhard Gesell||DC||1910–1993||1967–1993||—||1993–1993||L. Johnson||death|
|66||June Lazenby Green||DC||1914–2001||1968–1984||—||1984–2001||L. Johnson||death|
|67||John H. Pratt||DC||1910–1995||1968–1989||—||1989–1995||L. Johnson||death|
|68||Barrington D. Parker||DC||1915–1993||1969–1985||—||1985–1993||Nixon||death|
|69||Charles Robert Richey||DC||1923–1997||1971–1997||—||1997–1997||Nixon||death|
|70||Thomas Aquinas Flannery||DC||1918–2007||1971–1985||—||1985–2007||Nixon||death|
|71||Louis F. Oberdorfer||DC||1919–2013||1977–1992||—||1992–2013||Carter||death|
|72||Harold H. Greene||DC||1923–2000||1978–1995||—||1995–2000||Carter||death|
|73||John Garrett Penn||DC||1932–2007||1979–1998||1992–1997||1998–2007||Carter||death|
|75||Norma Holloway Johnson||DC||1932–2011||1980–2001||1997–2001||2001–2003||Carter||retirement|
|76||Thomas Penfield Jackson||DC||1937–2013||1982–2002||—||2002–2004||Reagan||retirement|
|78||Stanley S. Harris||MD||1927–present||1983–1996||—||1996–2001||Reagan||retirement|
|79||George Hughes Revercomb||VA||1929–1993||1985–1993||—||—||Reagan||death|
|82||Michael Boudin||DC||1939–present||1990–1992||—||—||G. H. W. Bush||resignation|
|86||Ricardo M. Urbina||DC||1946–present||1994–2011||—||2011–2012||Clinton||retirement|
|97||Robert L. Wilkins||DC||1963–present||2010–2014||Obama||appointment to D.C. Cir.|
Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their district court. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the district court judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.
When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become or remain chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.
Succession of seatsEdit
- Associate Justices Clabaugh, McCoy, Wheat and Laws were elevated to Chief Justice.
- Chief Justice Laws was assigned to the new Seat 13 by operation of law upon the abolition of the Chief Justice Seat 1.
- "U.S. District Courts for the District of Columbia and the District of Potomac: Legislative History - Federal Judicial Center". www.fjc.gov.
- Recess appointment; Wylie was formally nominated January 5, 1864, and was confirmed January 20, receiving his commission the same day.
- Recess appointment; James was formally nominated on December 1, 1879, confirmed by the Senate December 10, 1879, and received his commission the same day.
- Recess appointment; Merrick was formally nominated on December 14, 1885, confirmed by the Senate March 15, 1856, and received his commission the same day.
- Recess appointment; Montgomery was formally nominated on December 20, 1887, confirmed by the Senate January 26, 1888, and received his commission the same day.
- Recess appointment; Montgomery was formally nominated on December 20, 1887, confirmed by the Senate January 23, 1888, and received his commission the same day.
- Recess appointment;McComas was formally nominated on December 6, 1892, confirmed by the Senate January 25, 1893, and received his commission the same day.
- Recess appointment;Clabaugh was formally nominated on November 10, 1903, confirmed by the Senate November 16, 1903, and received his commission the same day.
- Recess appointment; Barnard was formally nominated December 11, 1899, confirmed by the Senate December 19 and received his commission the same day.
- Recess appointment; Anderson was formally nominated December 5, 1901, confirmed by the Senate February 4, 1902, and received his commission February 6, 1902.
- Recess appointment; Stafford was formally nominated December 6, 1904, confirmed by the Senate December 13 and received his commission the same day.
- Recess appointment; Hitz was formally nominated December 15, 1916, confirmed by the Senate January 2, 1917, and received his commission the same day.
- Recess appointment; Letts was formally nominated December 15, 1931, confirmed by the Senate February 17, 1932, and received his commission February 20, 1932.
- Recess appointment; O'Donoghue was formally nominated December 15, 1931, confirmed by the Senate January 26, 1932, and received his commission February 23, 1932.
- Recess appointment; Keech was formally nominated January 8, 1947, confirmed by the Senate January 22 and received his commission January 24.
- Recess appointment; Curran was formally nominated January 8, 1947, confirmed by the Senate February 3 and received his commission February 5.
- Recess appointment; Tamm was formally nominated January 13, 1949, confirmed by the Senate March 29 and received his commission April 1.
- Recess appointment; Kirkland was formally nominated January 5, 1950, confirmed by the Senate March 8 and received his commission March 9.
- Recess appointment; Matthews was formally nominated January 5, 1950, confirmed by the Senate April 4, 1950, and received his commission April 7, 1950.
- Recess appointment; McLaughlin was formally nominated January 5, 1950, confirmed by the Senate February 27, 1950, and received his commission March 1, 1950.
- Recess appointment; Bastian was formally nominated November 27, 1950, confirmed by the Senate December 14, 1950, and received his commission December 22, 1950.
- Recess appointment; Hart was formally nominated January 17, 1959, confirmed by the Senate September 9 and received his commission September 10.
- Recess appointment; Robinson was formally nominated February 3, 1964, confirmed by the Senate July 1, 1964, and received his commission July 2, 1964.