United States District Court for the Central District of California(Redirected from U.S. District Court for the Central District of California)
The United States District Court for the Central District of California (in case citations, C.D. Cal.; commonly referred to as the CDCA or CACD) serves over 19 million people in Southern and Central California, making it the most populous federal judicial district. The district was created on September 18, 1966.
|United States District Court for the Central District of California|
Divisions of the CDCA: Eastern Division in yellow, Southern Division in red, Western Division in blue
|Appeals to||Ninth Circuit|
|Established||September 18, 1966|
|Chief Judge||Virginia A. Phillips|
|U.S. Attorney||Nicola T. Hanna|
Cases from the Central District are appealed to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the United States government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).
California was admitted as a state on September 9, 1850, and was initially divided into two districts, the Northern and the Southern, by Act of Congress approved September 28, 1850, 9 Stat. 521. The boundary line was at the 37th parallel of North Latitude. The Southern District of California was abolished and the State made to constitute a single district – the United States District Court for the District of California – by Act of Congress approved July 27, 1866, 14 Stat. 300. Twenty years later, on August 5, 1886, Congress re-created the Southern District of California by 24 Stat. 308, but it was not until March 18, 1966, that the Eastern and Central Districts were created from portions of the Northern and Southern Districts by 80 Stat. 75.
The U.S. District Court for the Central District of California is divided into three divisions, with jurisdiction over seven counties: Riverside, San Bernardino, Orange, Los Angeles, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, and Ventura.
The Western Division covers Los Angeles, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, and Ventura Counties. Cases are heard in two courthouses in downtown Los Angeles, the older Spring Street Courthouse and the newer Edward R. Roybal Courthouse.
The United States Attorney for the Central District represents the United States Government in civil and criminal cases before the court. The United States Attorney has been Nicola T. Hanna since January 5, 2018.
Current district judgesEdit
|#||Title||Judge||Duty station||Born||Term of service||Appointed by|
|60||Chief Judge||Virginia A. Phillips||Los Angeles||1957||1999–present||2016–present||—||Clinton|
|12||District Judge||Manuel Real||Los Angeles||1924||1966–present||1982–1993||—||L. Johnson|
|37||District Judge||Stephen Victor Wilson||Los Angeles||1941||1985–present||—||—||Reagan|
|56||District Judge||David O. Carter||Santa Ana||1944||1998–present||—||—||Clinton|
|61||District Judge||Percy Anderson||Los Angeles||1948||2002–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|62||District Judge||John F. Walter||Los Angeles||1944||2002–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|63||District Judge||R. Gary Klausner||Los Angeles||1941||2002–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|64||District Judge||S. James Otero||Los Angeles||1951||2003–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|65||District Judge||James V. Selna||Santa Ana||1945||2003–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|66||District Judge||Cormac J. Carney||Santa Ana||1959||2003–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|67||District Judge||Dale S. Fischer||Los Angeles||1951||2003–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|70||District Judge||Andrew J. Guilford||Santa Ana||1950||2006–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|72||District Judge||Philip S. Gutierrez||Los Angeles||1959||2007–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|73||District Judge||Otis D. Wright II||Los Angeles||1944||2007–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|74||District Judge||George H. Wu||Los Angeles||1950||2007–present||—||—||G.W. Bush|
|76||District Judge||Dolly M. Gee||Los Angeles||1959||2010–present||—||—||Obama|
|77||District Judge||Josephine L. Staton||Santa Ana||1961||2010–present||—||—||Obama|
|78||District Judge||John A. Kronstadt||Los Angeles||1951||2011–present||—||—||Obama|
|79||District Judge||Michael W. Fitzgerald||Los Angeles||1959||2012–present||—||—||Obama|
|80||District Judge||Jesus G. Bernal||Riverside||1963||2012–present||—||—||Obama|
|81||District Judge||Fernando M. Olguin||Los Angeles||1961||2013–present||—||—||Obama|
|83||District Judge||André Birotte Jr.||Los Angeles||1966||2014–present||—||—||Obama|
|23||Senior Judge||Terry J. Hatter, Jr.||Los Angeles||1933||1979–2005||1998–2001||2005–present||Carter|
|26||Senior Judge||Consuelo Bland Marshall||Los Angeles||1936||1980–2005||2001–2005||2005–present||Carter|
|35||Senior Judge||William Duffy Keller||Los Angeles||1934||1984–1999||—||1999–present||Reagan|
|41||Senior Judge||Ronald S.W. Lew||Los Angeles||1941||1987–2006||—||2006–present||Reagan|
|51||Senior Judge||Dean D. Pregerson||Los Angeles||1951||1996–2016||—||2016–present||Clinton|
|52||Senior Judge||Christina A. Snyder||Los Angeles||1947||1997–2016||—||2016–present||Clinton|
|71||Senior Judge||Valerie Baker Fairbank||Los Angeles||1949||2007–2012||—||2012–present||G.W. Bush|
Vacancies and pending nominationsEdit
|Seat||Seat last held by||Vacancy reason||Date of vacancy||Nominee||Date of nomination|
|10||Audrey B. Collins||Retirement||August 1, 2014||–||–|
|8||Margaret M. Morrow||Senior status||October 29, 2015||—||—|
|11||Dean D. Pregerson||January 28, 2016||–||–|
|1||Christina A. Snyder||November 23, 2016||—||—|
|27||George H. King||Retirement||January 6, 2017||—||—|
|4||Beverly Reid O'Connell||Death||October 8, 2017||—||—|
Former district judgesEdit
|#||Judge||State||Born–died||Active service||Chief Judge||Senior status||Appointed by||Reason for
|—||Yankwich, Leon ReneLeon Rene Yankwich||CA||1888–1975||—||—||1966–1975||Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt||death|
|—||Byrne, Sr., William MatthewWilliam Matthew Byrne, Sr.||CA||1896–1974||—||—||1966–1974||Truman, Truman||death|
|1||Hall, Peirson MitchellPeirson Mitchell Hall||CA||1894–1979||1966–1968||—||1968–1979||Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt||death|
|2||Clarke, ThurmondThurmond Clarke||CA||1902–1971||1966–1970||1966–1970||1970–1971||Eisenhower, Eisenhower||death|
|3||Stephens, Jr., Albert LeeAlbert Lee Stephens, Jr.||CA||1913–2001||1966–1979||1970–1979||1979–2001||Kennedy, Kennedy||death|
|4||Carr, Charles HardyCharles Hardy Carr||CA||1903–1976||1966–1973||—||1973–1976||Kennedy, Kennedy||death|
|5||Curtis, Jr., Jesse WilliamJesse William Curtis, Jr.||CA||1905–2008||1966–1975||—||1975–1990||Kennedy, Kennedy||retirement|
|6||Crary, Elisha AveryElisha Avery Crary||CA||1905–1978||1966–1975||—||1975–1978||Kennedy, Kennedy||death|
|7||Whelan, Francis C.Francis C. Whelan||CA||1907–1991||1966–1978||—||1978–1991||Johnson, L.L. Johnson||death|
|8||Hill, IrvingIrving Hill||CA||1915–1998||1966–1980||1979–1980||1980–1998||Johnson, L.L. Johnson||death|
|9||Andrew Hauk, A.A. Andrew Hauk||CA||1912–2004||1966–1982||1980–1982||1982–2004||Johnson, L.L. Johnson||death|
|10||Gray, William PercivalWilliam Percival Gray||CA||1912–1992||1966–1982||—||1982–1992||Johnson, L.L. Johnson||death|
|11||Ferguson, Warren J.Warren J. Ferguson||CA||1920–2008||1966–1979||—||—||Johnson, L.L. Johnson||appointment to 9th Cir.|
|13||Pregerson, HarryHarry Pregerson||CA||1923–2017||1967–1979||—||—||Johnson, L.L. Johnson||appointment to 9th Cir.|
|14||Williams, David W.David W. Williams||CA||1910–2000||1969–1981||—||1981–2000||Nixon, Nixon||death|
|15||Kelleher, Robert J.Robert J. Kelleher||CA||1913–2012||1970–1983||—||1983–2012||Nixon||death|
|16||Byrne, Jr., William MatthewWilliam Matthew Byrne, Jr.||CA||1930–2006||1971–1998||1994–1998||1998–2006||Nixon, Nixon||death|
|17||Lucas, Malcolm M.Malcolm M. Lucas||CA||1927–2016||1971–1984||—||—||Nixon, Nixon||resignation|
|18||Lydick, Lawrence TupperLawrence Tupper Lydick||CA||1916–1995||1971–1984||—||1984–1995||Nixon, Nixon||death|
|19||Firth, RobertRobert Firth||CA||1918–1984||1974–1979||—||1979–1984||Nixon, Nixon||death|
|20||Takasugi, Robert MitsuhiroRobert Mitsuhiro Takasugi||CA||1930–2009||1976–1996||—||1996–2009||Ford, Ford||death|
|21||Waters, Sr., Laughlin EdwardLaughlin Edward Waters, Sr.||CA||1914–2002||1976–1986||—||1986–2002||Ford, Ford||death|
|22||Pfaelzer, MarianaMariana Pfaelzer||CA||1926–2015||1978–1997||—||1997–2015||Carter, Carter||death|
|24||Tashima, A. WallaceA. Wallace Tashima||CA||1934–present||1980–1996||—||—||Carter, Carter||appointment to 9th Cir.|
|25||Kenyon, David VreelandDavid Vreeland Kenyon||CA||1930–2015||1980–1995||—||1995–1997||Carter, Carter||retirement|
|27||Hall, Cynthia HolcombCynthia Holcomb Hall||CA||1929–2011||1981–1984||—||—||Reagan, Reagan||appointment to 9th Cir.|
|28||Gadbois, Jr., Richard ArthurRichard Arthur Gadbois, Jr.||CA||1932–1996||1982–1996||—||1996||Reagan, Reagan||death|
|29||Rafeedie, EdwardEdward Rafeedie||CA||1929–2008||1982–1996||—||1996–2008||Reagan, Reagan||death|
|30||Rymer, Pamela AnnPamela Ann Rymer||CA||1941–2011||1983–1989||—||—||Reagan, Reagan||appointment to 9th Cir.|
|31||Hupp, Harry LindleyHarry Lindley Hupp||CA||1929–2004||1984–1997||—||1997–2004||Reagan, Reagan||death|
|32||Stotler, Alicemarie HuberAlicemarie Huber Stotler||CA||1942–2014||1984–2009||2005–2009||2009–2014||Reagan, Reagan||death|
|33||Ideman, James M.James M. Ideman||CA||1931–present||1984–1998||—||1998||Reagan, Reagan||retirement|
|34||Rea, William J.William J. Rea||CA||1920–2005||1984–1998||—||1998–2005||Reagan, Reagan||death|
|36||Fernandez, Ferdinand FrancisFerdinand Francis Fernandez||CA||1937–present||1985–1989||—||—||Reagan, Reagan||appointment to 9th Cir.|
|38||Letts, John SpencerJohn Spencer Letts||CA||1934–2014||1985–2000||—||2000–2014||Reagan, Reagan||death|
|39||Tevrizian, Jr., Dickran M.Dickran M. Tevrizian, Jr.||CA||1940–present||1985–2005||—||2005–2007||Reagan, Reagan||retirement|
|40||Davies, JohnJohn Davies||CA||1929–present||1986–1998||—||—||Reagan, Reagan||retirement|
|42||Bonner, Robert C.Robert C. Bonner||CA||1942–present||1989–1990||—||—||Bush, G.H.W.G.H.W. Bush||resignation|
|43||Taylor, Gary L.Gary L. Taylor||CA||1938–present||1990–2004||—||2004–2005||Bush, G.H.W.G.H.W. Bush||retirement|
|44||Baird, Lourdes GillespieLourdes Gillespie Baird||CA||1935–present||1992–2004||—||2004–2005||Bush, G.H.W.G.H.W. Bush||retirement|
|45||McLaughlin, Linda HodgeLinda Hodge McLaughlin||CA||1942–1999||1992–1999||—||—||Bush, G.H.W.G.H.W. Bush||death|
|46||Collins, Audrey B.Audrey B. Collins||CA||1945–present||1994–2014||2009–2012||—||Clinton||retirement|
|47||Paez, RichardRichard Paez||CA||1947–present||1994–2000||—||—||Clinton, Clinton||appointment to 9th Cir.|
|48||Timlin, RobertRobert Timlin||CA||1932–2017||1994–2005||—||2005–2017||Clinton, Clinton||death|
|49||King, George H.George H. King||CA||1951–present||1995–2017||2012–2016||—||Clinton, Clinton||retirement|
|50||Wardlaw, Kim McLaneKim McLane Wardlaw||CA||1954–present||1995–1998||—||—||Clinton, Clinton||appointment to 9th Cir.|
|53||Moreno, Carlos R.Carlos R. Moreno||CA||1948–present||1998–2001||—||—||Clinton, Clinton||resignation|
|54||Morrow, Margaret M.Margaret M. Morrow||CA||1950–present||1998–2015||—||2015–2016||Clinton, Clinton||retirement|
|55||Matz, HowardHoward Matz||CA||1943–present||1998–2011||—||2011–2013||Clinton, Clinton||retirement|
|57||Manella, Nora MargaretNora Margaret Manella||CA||1951–present||1998–2006||—||—||Clinton, Clinton||resignation|
|58||Feess, Gary AllenGary Allen Feess||CA||1948–present||1999–2014||—||2014–2015||Clinton, Clinton||retirement|
|59||Cooper, Florence-MarieFlorence-Marie Cooper||CA||1940–2010||1999–2010||—||—||Clinton, Clinton||death|
|68||Schiavelli, George P.George P. Schiavelli||CA||1948–present||2004–2008||—||—||Bush, G.W.G.W. Bush||resignation|
|69||Larson, Stephen G.Stephen G. Larson||CA||1964–present||2006–2009||—||—||Bush, G.W.G.W. Bush||resignation|
|75||Nguyen, JacquelineJacqueline Nguyen||CA||1965–present||2009–2012||—||—||Obama, Obama||appointment to 9th Cir.|
|82||Beverly Reid O'Connell||CA||1965–2017||2013–2017||—||—||Obama, Obama||death|
Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their district court, and preside over any panel on which they serve unless circuit judges are also on the panel. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the district court judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.
When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become or remain chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.
Succession of seatsEdit
- Our District – USAO-CDCA
- U.S. District Courts of California, Legislative history, Federal Judicial Center.
- Willoughby Rodman, History of the Bench and Bar of Southern California (1909), p. 46.
- Initially appointed to the Southern District of California in 1935 by Franklin D. Roosevelt; reassigned to the Central District of California in 1966.
- Initially appointed to the Southern District of California in 1950 by Harry S. Truman; reassigned to the Central District of California in 1966.
- Initially appointed to the Southern District of California in 1942 by Franklin D. Roosevelt; reassigned to the Central District of California in 1966.
- Initially appointed to the Southern District of California in 1955 by Dwight D. Eisenhower; reassigned to the Central District of California in 1966.
- Initially appointed to the Southern District of California in 1961 by John F. Kennedy; reassigned to the Central District of California in 1966.
- Initially appointed to the Southern District of California in 1962 by John F. Kennedy; reassigned to the Central District of California in 1966.
- Initially appointed to the Southern District of California in 1965 by Lyndon B. Johnson; reassigned to the Central District of California in 1966.
- Initially appointed to the Southern District of California in 1966 by Lyndon B. Johnson; reassigned to the Central District of California in 1966.