List of ambassadors of the United States to the United Nations

The United States ambassador to the United Nations is the leader of the U.S. delegation, the U.S. Mission to the United Nations. The position is formally known as the permanent representative of the United States of America to the United Nations, with the rank and status of ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary, and representative of the United States of America in the United Nations Security Council.

United States Ambassador to the United Nations
US Department of State official seal.svg
Seal of the Department of State
Flag of a United States ambassador.svg
Linda-Thomas-Greenfield-v1-8x10-1.jpg
Incumbent
Linda Thomas-Greenfield

since February 25, 2021
United States Department of State
StyleMadam Ambassador
(informal)
Her Excellency
(diplomatic)
Member ofNational Security Council
Cabinet of the United States
Reports toPresident of the United States
United States Secretary of State
SeatUnited Nations Headquarters
New York City, New York, U.S.
AppointerPresident of the United States
with Senate advice and consent
Term lengthNo fixed term
FormationDecember 21, 1945; 75 years ago (1945-12-21)
First holderEdward Stettinius Jr.
SalaryExecutive Schedule, Level IV
Websiteusun.usmission.gov

The deputy ambassador assumes the duties of the ambassador in his or her absence. As with all United States ambassadors, the ambassador to the UN and the deputy ambassador are nominated by the president of the United States and confirmed by the Senate. The ambassador serves at the pleasure of the president, and enjoys full diplomatic immunity.

The U.S. permanent representative is charged with representing the United States on the UN Security Council, and during all plenary meetings of the General Assembly, except when more senior officer of the United States (such as the secretary of state or the president of the United States) is in attendance.

The current ambassador is Linda Thomas-Greenfield, who was nominated by President Joe Biden and confirmed by the Senate on February 23, 2021.

Cabinet statusEdit

Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., a leading moderate Republican who lost his seat in the United States Senate to John F. Kennedy in the 1952 elections, was appointed ambassador to the United Nations in 1953 by Dwight D. Eisenhower in gratitude for the defeated senator's role in the new president's defeat of conservative leader Robert A. Taft for the 1952 Republican nomination and subsequent service as his campaign manager in the general election; Eisenhower raised the ambassadorship to Cabinet rank in order to give Lodge direct access to him without having to go through the State Department.[1]

The ambassadorship continued to hold this status through the Reagan administration but was removed from Cabinet rank by George H. W. Bush, who had previously held the position himself. It was restored under the Clinton administration. It was not a Cabinet-level position under the George W. Bush administration (from 2001 to 2009),[2][3] but was once again elevated under the Obama administration, and initially retained as such by the Trump administration.[4] However, in December 2018, it was reported by several news organizations that along with the nomination of Heather Nauert to replace Nikki Haley, the Trump administration would once again downgrade the position to non-Cabinet rank.[5] The position was again elevated to Cabinet rank in the Biden administration.[6]

Former UN ambassador and national security advisor John R. Bolton has publicly opposed the granting of Cabinet-level status to the office, stating "One, it overstates the role and importance the U.N. should have in U.S. foreign policy, second, you shouldn't have two secretaries in the same department".

List of AmbassadorsEdit

Status

  Denotes Acting United States Ambassador to the United Nations

  Denotes United States Ambassador to the United Nations through Recess Appointment

The following is a chronological list of those who have held the office:

# Ambassador Years Served U.S. President
1   Edward Stettinius Jr. January 17, 1946 – June 3, 1946 Harry S. Truman
  Herschel Johnson June 3, 1946 – January 14, 1947
Acting
2   Warren Austin January 14, 1947 – January 22, 1953
Dwight D. Eisenhower
3   Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. January 26, 1953[7] – September 3, 1960
4   James Jeremiah Wadsworth September 8, 1960 – January 21, 1961
John F. Kennedy
5   Adlai Stevenson II January 23, 1961 – July 14, 1965
Lyndon B. Johnson
6   Arthur Goldberg July 28, 1965 – June 24, 1968
7   George Ball June 26, 1968 – September 25, 1968
8   James Russell Wiggins October 7, 1968 – January 20, 1969
9   Charles W. Yost January 23, 1969 – February 25, 1971 Richard Nixon
10   George H. W. Bush March 1, 1971 – January 18, 1973
11   John A. Scali February 20, 1973 – June 29, 1975
Gerald Ford
12   Daniel Patrick Moynihan June 30, 1975 – February 2, 1976
13   William Scranton March 15, 1976 – January 19, 1977
14   Andrew Young January 30, 1977 – September 23, 1979 Jimmy Carter
15   Donald McHenry September 23, 1979 – January 20, 1981
16   Jeane Kirkpatrick February 4, 1981 – April 1, 1985 Ronald Reagan
17   Vernon A. Walters May 22, 1985 – March 15, 1989
George H. W. Bush
18   Thomas R. Pickering March 20, 1989 – May 7, 1992
19   Edward J. Perkins May 12, 1992 – January 27, 1993
Bill Clinton
20   Madeleine Albright January 27, 1993 – January 21, 1997
21   Bill Richardson February 18, 1997 – August 18, 1998
  Peter Burleigh August 18, 1998 – September 7, 1999
Acting
22   Richard Holbrooke September 7, 1999 – January 20, 2001
  James B. Cunningham January 20, 2001 – September 19, 2001
Acting
George W. Bush
23   John Negroponte September 19, 2001 – July 23, 2004
24   John Danforth July 23, 2004 – January 20, 2005
  Anne W. Patterson January 20, 2005 – August 2, 2005
Acting
25   John Bolton August 2, 2005 – December 31, 2006
Recess appointment, not confirmed by the U.S. Senate
  Alejandro Daniel Wolff December 31, 2006 – April 30, 2007
Acting
26   Zalmay Khalilzad April 30, 2007 – January 22, 2009
Barack Obama
27   Susan Rice January 26, 2009 – June 30, 2013
  Rosemary DiCarlo June 30, 2013 – August 5, 2013
Acting
28   Samantha Power August 5, 2013 – January 20, 2017
  Michele J. Sison January 20, 2017 – January 27, 2017
Acting
Donald Trump
29   Nikki Haley January 27, 2017 – December 31, 2018
  Jonathan Cohen January 1, 2019 – September 12, 2019
Acting
30   Kelly Craft September 12, 2019 – January 20, 2021
  Richard M. Mills Jr. January 20, 2021 – February 25, 2021
Acting
Joe Biden
31   Linda Thomas-Greenfield February 25, 2021–present

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Hubbard, James P. (2011). The United States and the End of British Colonial Rule in Africa, 1941–1968. Jefferson City, NC: McFarland & Company. p. 172. ISBN 978-0-7864-5952-0.
  2. ^ Kelemen, Michele (December 1, 2008). "U.N. Envoy Nominee Rice Known As Smart, Tough". National Public Radio. Retrieved January 21, 2009. The head of the United Nations Foundation, a Washington-based advocacy group, released a statement praising Rice as well as Obama's decision to make the post of U.N. ambassador a Cabinet-level position once again – as it was during the Clinton years.
  3. ^ Cooper, Helene (November 20, 2008). "Clinton Decision Holding Up Other Obama Choices". New York Times. Retrieved February 9, 2009. Ms. Rice could get the post of United States ambassador to the United Nations, a cabinet-level position under President Clinton. President Bush downgraded the position when he came into office
  4. ^ Walker, Hunter. "President Trump announces his full Cabinet roster." Yahoo News. 2017-02-07. Retrieved 2017-02-08.
  5. ^ Kristen Welker; Geoff Bennett; Daniel Barnes (2018-12-07). "U.N. ambassador to no longer be Cabinet-level position". NBC News. Retrieved 2018-12-07.
  6. ^ https://www.vox.com/2020/11/23/21591302/un-ambassador-linda-thomas-greenfield-biden
  7. ^ Chesly Manly (January 27, 1953). "Lodge Asks FBI to Screen All U.S. Aids [sic] on U.N." Chicago Tribune. Chicago Tribune Press Service.

External linksEdit