Tyto pollens, also known as the Andros Island barn owl, Bahamian barn owl, Bahamian great owl, or Chickcharney, is an extinct, 1 metre (3.3 ft) tall, burrow-nesting, flightless barn owl that lived in the old-growth pineyards (Caribbean Pine forests) of Andros Island in the Bahamas. When the island was colonised by Europeans and their slaves in the 16th century, the owls coexisted with them until the forests were felled. The destruction of the original forests may have led to the extinction of the species.
Temporal range: Holocene
Some scholars have suggested that T. pollens may have inspired the legend of the Chickcharney, a mischievous, bird-like dwarf said to inhabit the forests of Andros. According to legend the Chickcharney has red, glowing eyes, three-toed feet, and a head that could rotate in any direction.
- Wetmore, Alexander (1937). "Bird Remains from Cave Deposits on Great Exuma Island in the Bahamas" (PDF). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College. 80: 427–441.
- Marcot, Bruce G. (1995). Owls of old forests of the world (PDF). General Technical Reports. Portland, Oregon: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. p. 26.