Typhoon Angela, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Rosing, was a catastrophic Category 5 typhoon with 180 mph (290 km/h) sustained winds. Typhoon Angela was the third storm in a row that struck the Philippines, following Yvette and Zack. Typhoon Angela was the twenty-ninth tropical cyclone, and the fifth super typhoon of the moderately active 1995 Pacific typhoon season.
|Typhoon (JMA scale)|
|Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)|
|Formed||October 25, 1995|
|Dissipated||November 7, 1995|
|Highest winds||10-minute sustained: 215 km/h (130 mph) |
1-minute sustained: 285 km/h (180 mph)
|Lowest pressure||910 hPa (mbar); 26.87 inHg|
|Damage||$315 million (1997 USD)|
|Areas affected||Micronesia, Philippines, South China, Vietnam|
|Part of the 1995 Pacific typhoon season|
Angela caused 9.33 billion Philippine pesos in catastrophic damage across the Philippines, resulting in 882 fatalities. It was the strongest typhoon to hit the Philippines in 25 years.
The monsoon trough that developed also Yvette and Zack spawned another tropical depression on October 25 in conjunction with a tropical disturbance that originated in the Marshall Islands. It moved to the west, organizing very slowly to become a tropical storm on October 26. Two days later Angela became a typhoon, and from the October 31 to November 1 Angela rapidly intensified to a 180 mph (290 km/h) super typhoon, while Japan Meteorological Agency reported that it had reached its peak wind speeds of 130 mph (210 km/h). It maintained that intensity as it sliced westward, slamming the Philippines on November 2 as a slightly weaker 160 mph (260 km/h) typhoon. Angela continued to the west-northwest, where upper level winds caused it to dissipate on November 7 over the Gulf of Tonkin.
Impact, records, and retirementEdit
More than 900 people perished due to the catastrophic typhoon. It wreaked havoc over Metro Manila, Calabarzon Region and Bicol Region. Initially it caused 9.33 billion pesos of damage, but later on it grew into 10.829 billion pesos.
Throughout the affected area, more than 96,000 houses were destroyed, along with bridges and roads. The worst impact was in the Southern Bicol Region. Angela passed almost right over Manila, causing a significant impact both there and in Catanduanes. In Calauag, storm surge and flooding from a dam failure killed 121 people. In nearby Paracale, mudslides killed more than a hundred people. Power outages affected one third of the country.
Angela's 872 (910 according to the JMA) mbar pressure reading makes it one of the strongest typhoons on record. While this is low by the standards of any sea-level location, it is still behind Typhoon Tip, the most intense tropical cyclone ever recorded. However, Angela is an unofficial contender for world's most intense tropical cyclone. In a study utilizing the Dvorak technique for analysis of post-1987 typhoons, the authors concluded that Angela and 1992's Gay were higher on the scale than Tip. The authors also thought that Angela might have been slightly more intense than Gay, and hence Tip.
Angela was the strongest typhoon to hit the Philippines since 1970's Joan. On a weather observatory on Catanduanes reported winds of 260 km/h (160 mph). This makes it the typhoon with third-highest windspeeds recorded in the Philippines.
- "Super Typhoon Angela (29W)" (PDF). 1995 Annual Tropical Cyclone Report. Joint Typhoon Warning Center. p. 170. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-07. Retrieved 2008-11-02.
- "Super Typhoon Angela (29W)" (PDF). 1995 Annual Tropical Cyclone Report. Joint Typhoon Warning Center. p. 171. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-07. Retrieved 2008-11-02.
- "Super Typhoon Angela (29W)" (PDF). 1995 Annual Tropical Cyclone Report. Joint Typhoon Warning Center. p. 173. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-07. Retrieved 2008-11-02.
- David Michael Padua & Dominic Alojado (2008-06-10). "11 Worst Typhoons in the Philippines". Typhoon2000.com. Archived from the original on 2008-10-16. Retrieved 2007-02-04.
- "Super Typhoon Angela (29W)" (PDF). 1995 Annual Tropical Cyclone Report. Joint Typhoon Warning Center. p. 175. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-07. Retrieved 2008-11-02.
- Dunnavan. "Typhoon Tip (23)" (PDF). 1979 Annual Typhoon Report. Joint Typhoon Warning Center. p. 73. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-07. Retrieved 2008-10-31.
- Chris Landsea (2006-11-28). "Subject:E1) Which is the most intense tropical cyclone on record?". FAQ: Hurricanes, Typhoons, and Tropical Cyclones. Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory Hurricane Research Division. Retrieved 2008-10-31.
- Karl Hoarau; Gary Padgett & Jean-Paul Hoarau. "Have There Been Any Typhoons Stronger Than Super Typhoon Tip?" (PDF). American Meteorological Society.
- David Michael Padua & Dominic Alojado (2008-06-11). "Strongest Typhoons of the Philippines (1947 - 2006)". Typhoon2000.com. Archived from the original on 2008-09-28. Retrieved 2008-10-31.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Typhoon Angela (1995).|
- JMA General Information of Typhoon Angela (9520) from Digital Typhoon
- JMA Best Track Data (Graphics) of Typhoon Angela (9520)
- JMA Best Track Data (Text)
- JTWC Best Track Data of Super Typhoon 29W (Angela)