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Typhlogarra widdowsoni

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Typhlogarra widdowsoni, the Iraq blind barb or Haditha cave garra, is a species of cyprinid fish endemic to underground water systems near Haditha in Iraq.[1][2] It is the only species in its genus. This cavefish is considered critically endangered because of water extraction, which has lowered the groundwater level.[1] Once abundant, a survey in 2012 found that it now was very rare.[1] Another species from the same place, Caecocypris basimi, may already be extinct.[3] The only other known cavefish in Iraq is Eidinemacheilus proudlovei.[4]

Typhlogarra widdowsoni
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae
Subfamily: Labeoninae
Genus: Typhlogarra
Trewavas, 1955
T. widdowsoni
Binomial name
Typhlogarra widdowsoni
Trewavas, 1955
  • Garra widdowsoni (Trewavas, 1955)


  1. ^ a b c d Freyhof, J. (2014). "Typhlogarra widdowsoni". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2014: e.T22601A19006932. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-1.RLTS.T22601A19006932.en. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2011). "Garra widdowsoni" in FishBase. October 2011 version.
  3. ^ Freyhof, J. (2014). "Caecocypris basimi". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2014: e.T3450A19006223. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-1.RLTS.T3450A19006223.en. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
  4. ^ Freyhof, J.; Abdullah, Y.S.; Ararat, K.; Ibrahim, H.; & Geiger, M.F. (2016): Eidinemacheilus proudlovei, a new subterranean loach from Iraqi Kurdistan (Teleostei; Nemacheilidae). Zootaxa, 4173 (3): 225-236.