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Type locality, also called type area, type site, or type section, is the locality where a particular rock type, stratigraphic unit or mineral species is first identified.[1] If the stratigraphic unit in a locality is layered, it is called a stratotype, whereas the standard of reference for unlayered rocks is the type locality.[2]

The term is similar to the term type site in archaeology or the term type specimen in biology.

Contents

Examples of geological type localitiesEdit

Rocks and mineralsEdit

Formations and structuresEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Scottish Geology, Glossary: Type locality/area". Hunterian Museum and Art Gallery of the University of Glasgow. Retrieved 2011-02-05.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "Stratotypes and Type Localities". International Commission on Stratigraphy. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
  3. ^ "Benmoreite". Oxford Index. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
  4. ^ Harms U., Koeberl C. & Zoback M.D. (2007). Continental Scientific Drilling: A Decade of Progress, and Challenges for the Future. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 311. ISBN 9783540687788.
  5. ^ Robinson H.H. (1913). U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 76. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 109.
  6. ^ a b c Rogers, Nick; Stephen Blake; Kevin Burton; Mike Widdowson; Ian Parkinson; Nigel Harris (2008). An introduction to our dynamic planet (Co-published ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0521494243.
  7. ^ Report of the State Geologist, Volume 11. 1918. p. 191.
  8. ^ Middlemost E.A.K. (1985). Magmas and magmatic rocks: an introduction to igneous petrology. Longman. p. 89. ISBN 9780582300804.
  9. ^ Maier W.D., Lahtinen R. & O'Brien H. (2015). Minerals Deposits of Finland. Elsevier. p. 302. ISBN 9780124104761.
  10. ^ Glikson A.Y. (2014). The Archaean: Geological and Geochemical Windows into the Early Earth. Springer. p. 75. ISBN 9783319079080.
  11. ^ Gill R. (2010). Igneous Rocks and Processes: A Practical Guide. John Wiley & Sons. p. 328. ISBN 9781444330656.
  12. ^ Oftedahl C. (1989). "Sövite". Encyclopedia of Earth Science: 544–545. doi:10.1007/0-387-30845-8_231.
  13. ^ Dunning G.R. & Grenne T. (2000). "U-Pb age dating and paleotectonic significance of trondhjemite from the type locality in the Central Norwegian Caledonides" (PDF). Norges geologiske undersøkelse Bulletin. 437: 57–65.
  14. ^ Temple Butte Limestone, USGS