Type locality (geology)

Type locality, also called type area, is the locality where a particular rock type, stratigraphic unit or mineral species is first identified.[1] If the stratigraphic unit in a locality is layered, it is called a stratotype, whereas the standard of reference for unlayered rocks is the type locality.[2]

The term is similar to the term type site in archaeology or the term type specimen in biology.

Examples of geological type localities Edit

Rocks and minerals Edit

Formations Edit

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ "Scottish Geology, Glossary: Type locality/area". Hunterian Museum and Art Gallery of the University of Glasgow. Archived from the original on 2002-12-24. Retrieved 2011-02-05.
  2. ^ "Stratotypes and Type Localities". International Commission on Stratigraphy. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
  3. ^ "Benmoreite". Oxford Index. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
  4. ^ Harms U., Koeberl C. & Zoback M. D. (2007). Continental Scientific Drilling: A Decade of Progress, and Challenges for the Future. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 311. ISBN 978-3540687788.
  5. ^ Robinson H.H. (1913). U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 76. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 109.
  6. ^ a b c Rogers, Nick; Stephen Blake; Kevin Burton; Mike Widdowson; Ian Parkinson; Nigel Harris (2008). An introduction to our dynamic planet (Co-published ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0521494243.
  7. ^ State Geologist, Vermont (1918). Report of the State Geologist, Volume 11. p. 191.
  8. ^ Middlemost E. A. K. (1985). Magmas and magmatic rocks: an introduction to igneous petrology. Longman. p. 89. ISBN 978-0582300804.
  9. ^ Maier W.D., Lahtinen R. & O'Brien H. (2015). Minerals Deposits of Finland. Elsevier. p. 302. ISBN 978-0124104761.
  10. ^ Glikson A.Y. (2014). The Archaean: Geological and Geochemical Windows into the Early Earth. Springer. p. 75. ISBN 978-3319079080.
  11. ^ Gill R. (2010). Igneous Rocks and Processes: A Practical Guide. John Wiley & Sons. p. 328. ISBN 978-1444330656.
  12. ^ Oftedahl C. (1989). "Sövite". Petrology. pp. 544–545. doi:10.1007/0-387-30845-8_231. ISBN 978-0-442-20623-9. {{cite book}}: |journal= ignored (help)
  13. ^ Larsen, Esper S.; Dunham, Kingsley C. (Nov 1933). "Tilleyite, a new mineral from the contact zone at Crestmore, California". American Mineralogist. 18 (11): 469–473. Retrieved 6 June 2023.
  14. ^ Dunning G. R. & Grenne T. (2000). "U-Pb age dating and paleotectonic significance of trondhjemite from the type locality in the Central Norwegian Caledonides" (PDF). Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Bulletin. 437: 57–65.
  15. ^ Senning, Alexander (2019). The Etymology of Chemical Names: Tradition and Convenience vs. Rationality in Chemical Nomenclature. Berlin: De Gruyter. p. 391. ISBN 978-3-11-061271-4.
  16. ^ "Temple Butte Limestone, USGS". Archived from the original on 2013-09-27. Retrieved 2009-10-20.