Type 65 torpedo

The Type 65 is a torpedo manufactured in the Soviet Union/Russia. It was developed for use against US Navy aircraft carrier battle groups, as well as large merchant targets such as supertankers and advanced enemy submarines. It is now typically fitted to newer Russian vessels, though often the 650 mm torpedo tube is fitted with a 533 mm converter to enable firing of SS-N-15 missiles or Type 53 torpedoes.

Torpedo Type 65
TypeTorpedo
Place of originSoviet Union/Russia
Service history
In service1973
Production history
ManufacturerSoviet Union/Russia
Specifications
Length9.14m (30 ft)
Diameter65 cm (25.6 in)
Warheadhigh explosive plus unused fuel
Warhead weight450/557 kg
Detonation
mechanism
Proximity or contact detonation fuze

EngineProbably gas-turbine powered by hydrogen peroxide, kerosene and compressed air fuel.
Operational
range
50 km at 93 km/h, 100 km at 56 km/h
Maximum speed 50 knots (93 km/h)
Guidance
system
active/passive sonar and wire guidance
Launch
platform
Submarines

Russian officials have stated that a 65-76A modification of this torpedo is responsible for the explosion of the Russian Kursk submarine.[1][2]

Specifications (65-76)Edit

  • Diameter: 65 cm (25.6 in)
  • Length: 9.14 m (30 ft)
  • Range: 50 km at 93 km/h, 100 km at 56 km/h
  • Max Speed: 50 knots (93 km/h)
  • Homing: active/passive sonar and wire guidance
  • Warhead: 450/557 kg high explosive
  • Propulsion: Probably gas-turbine powered by hydrogen peroxide, kerosene and compressed air fuel. Driving contra-rotating propellers.

VariantsEdit

  • 65-73 Entered service 1973, unguided torpedo. 20 kt Nuclear.
  • 65-76 Kit (Russian: Кит, Whale) Entered service 1976.
    • DT Length 11 m. Weight 4,500 kg. Warhead 450 kg.
    • DST92 Length 11 m. Weight 4,750 kg. Warhead 557 kg. Wake homing anti-ship weapon. Operates at 20 m depth. Sensor points upwards to detect the ships wake, the torpedo sweeps from side to side to find the edges of the wake.
  • 65-76A Kit 100 km.[3] Entered service 1991.[citation needed]

Indian Navy, Delhi class, Rajput Class, Talwar Class,

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Official: 65-76 torpedo caused Kursk disaster, Signals
  2. ^ Nightmare at sea
  3. ^ "Российский "Кит" может в одиночку потопить вражеский авианосец". 25 March 2018.