The Type 094 (simplified Chinese: 09-IV型核潜艇; traditional Chinese: 09-IV型核潛艇; Chinese designation: 09-IV; NATO reporting name: Jin class) is a class of ballistic missile submarine developed by China for the People's Liberation Army Navy Submarine Force. The Type 094 succeeds the Type 092 submarine.
Profile of the Type 094
Type 094 submarine
|Name:||Type 094 (Jin class)|
|Builders:||Bohai Shipyard, Huludao, China|
|Operators:||People's Liberation Army Navy|
|Preceded by:||Type 092 (Xia class)|
|Succeeded by:||Type 096 (Tang class)|
|Cost:||$750 million per unit|
|Type:||Ballistic missile submarine|
|Displacement:||11,000 tons submerged.|
|Length:||135 m (442 ft 11 in)|
|Beam:||12.5 m (41 ft 0 in)|
|Propulsion:||Nuclear reactor, 1 shaft|
|Armament:||Missiles: 12 JL-2 SLBM|
The Type 094 was first spotted in 2006 on commercial satellite imagery of the Xiaopingdao Submarine Base. It was noted as being longer than the Type 092. Two Type 094s were spotted at the Bohai Shipyard in May 2007, although it was not clear if these included the one spotted in 2006.
The Type 094 is armed with 12 JL-2 SLBMs, each with an estimated range of 7,400 km (4,600 mi). According to Global Security, the missile reportedly can carry 3 to 4 (MIRV) nuclear warheads. The Type 094 and JL-2 will give China "its first credible sea-based nuclear strike capability."
Globalsecurity.org notes that a Type 094 patrolling just northeast of the Kuril Islands would be able to strike three-quarters of the contiguous United States; whereas launching from Chinese coastal waters would barely reach the Aleutian Islands. Thomas-Noone and Medcalf note that the Type 094's noisiness would make it difficult for it to reach and maintain patrol areas where it could strike at the contiguous United States; no such limitations would exist against Indian targets.
In 2009, USN ONI listed the Type 094 as being slightly noisier than Project 667BDR (NATO reporting name Delta III) from the late-1970s, some of which were in service through 2015 with the Russian navy.
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