Tynemouth (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Tynemouth in Tyne and Wear.
Location of Tyne and Wear within England.
|County||Tyne and Wear|
|Electorate||76,618 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||North Shields, Whitley Bay, Monkseaton, Tynemouth and Cullercoats|
|Member of Parliament||Alan Campbell (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Tynemouth and North Shields|
|European Parliament constituency||North East England|
1918-1950: The County Borough of Tynemouth.
1950-1983: The County Borough of Tynemouth, and the Urban District of Whitley Bay.
1983-1997: The Borough of North Tyneside wards of Chirton, Collingwood, Cullercoats, Monkseaton, North Shields, Riverside, St Mary's, Seatonville, Tynemouth, and Whitley Bay.
1997-2010: The Borough of North Tyneside wards of Chirton, Collingwood, Cullercoats, Monkseaton, North Shields, St Mary's, Seatonville, Tynemouth, and Whitley Bay.
2010–present: The Borough of North Tyneside wards of Chirton, Collingwood, Cullercoats, Monkseaton North, Monkseaton South, Preston, St Mary's, Tynemouth, Valley, and Whitley Bay.
The constituency was created under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885.
- Political history
The seat has historically shown the highest level of support for the Conservative Party in the Tyne and Wear area, with the Conservatives holding the seat for 47 years from 1950-1997; though sometimes with only narrow majorities. However, since the 1997 general election, it has been represented by Alan Campbell of the Labour Party
- Prominent frontbenchers
A coastal seat on the northern bank of the River Tyne. North Shields and the communities along the Tyne itself tend to be more industrial and working-class, once dominated by coal mining and shipbuilding. The coastal towns to the north, such as Whitley Bay, tend to be more middle-class dormitory towns for Newcastle commuters.
This has tended to be one of the more Conservative-leaning seats in the North East of England, where the party has traditionally struggled against the Labour Party. As a relatively middle-class area, it returned Conservative MPs from 1950-1997; albeit often on narrow majorities. It has been represented by Labour since 1997, though the Conservatives remain strong at a local level. Similar to Sefton Central on Merseyside, despite being a traditionally strong Conservative area in a Labour-dominated county, the area has swung significantly to Labour during the twenty-first century, and has been won by semi-marginal to safe margins by Labour candidates at every general election since 1997, with significant swings to Labour seen in both 2015 and 2017.
Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 close to the national average of 3.8%, at 3.9% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian, lower than the regional average by 0.5%.
Members of ParliamentEdit
- Constituency created (1885)
|1900||Frederick Leverton Harris||Conservative||Later MP for Stepney and East Worcestershire|
|1906||Herbert James Craig||Liberal|
|1950||Irene Ward||Conservative||Represented Wallsend 1931-1945|
|Feb 1974||Neville Trotter||Conservative|
Elections in the 2010sEditIn 2017, Campbell was re-elected to a sixth term, and in the process bested his 1997 majority in terms of votes, with the largest number of votes for an MP for Tynemouth since 1964 and the biggest vote majority since 1959.
|Liberal Democrat||John Appleby||1,724||3.0||0.1|
|Independent||Anthony "The Durham Cobbler" Jull||124||0.2||0.2|
|Liberal Democrat||John Paton-Day||1,595||3.0||-11.9|
|Liberal Democrat||John Appleby||7,845||14.9||−0.2|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
With a local Whitley Bay councillor as their candidate, the Conservatives hoped to snatch the seat, but could only diminish Labour's Alan Campbell's majority. In the Mayoral election held on the same day, Mayor Linda Arkley (Conservative) also failed to be re-elected.
|Liberal Democrat||Colin Finlay||6,716||15.7||+4.1|
Labour MP Alan Campbell was returned in 2001 with smaller majority on the back of Tony Blair's second landslide.
|Liberal Democrat||Penny Reid||5,108||11.6||+2.8|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
In 1997 Labour won their largest Tynemouth majority ever. The Conservatives chose Gateshead Councillor Martin Callanan as their candidate to replace the retiring Neville Trotter. He would latterly become a North East MEP.
|Liberal Democrat||Andrew Duffield||4,509||8.8||+0.7|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+11.5|
In 1992 Neville Trotter narrowly won his final term as the Labour candidate's fourth attempt failed. Many council seats were also unexpectedly won on the back of John Major's victory such as Whitley Bay and Monkseaton.
|Liberal Democrat||Philip J.S. Selby||4,855||8.1||−9.9|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
1983: Neville Trotter's biggest majority on the back of Mrs. Thatcher's landslide.
Elections in the 1970sEdit
1979: Patrick 'Paddy' Cosgrove's first of four attempts to win the seat. Cosgrove was the Labour councillor for Whitley Bay Ward.
|Labour||Patrick Joseph Cosgrove[n 3]||22,377||38.55|
|Liberal||Rodney S. Turner||10,895||19.18|
February 1974: Neville Trotter, a Newcastle City Councillor and Chartered Accountant, becomes MP.
|Liberal||Rodney S. Turner||13,393||22.08|
1970: Jeremy Beecham would later become leader of Newcastle City Council and a Peer.
|Liberal||Rodney S. Turner||5,221||8.71|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
1966: Gordon Adam would latterly become a North East MEP and make a failed bid to become Elected Mayor of North Tyneside in 2001.
|Independent||James C. Edwards||3,846||6.53|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Labour||William H. Hutchinson||18,866||32.42|
|Liberal||David N. Thompson||6,525||11.21|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Elections in the 1940sEdit
|Liberal||Kenneth Paterson Chitty||5,460||18.02|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
Elections in the 1930sEdit
|Liberal||John Stanley Holmes||7,868||23.1|
|Liberal||John Stanley Holmes||8,295||24.4|
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|Labour||John Stuart Barr||9,503||29.9||+2.5|
|Labour||John Stuart Barr||6,818||27.4||+6.7|
|Labour||George Harold Humphrey||5,362||22.9||+7.7|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|Independent Labour||George Harold Humphrey||2,566||15.2||N/A|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||+2.4|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
1918: Dixon Scott was the founder of Newcastle's 'News Cinema', the modern 'Tyneside Cinema'.
|Conservative||Edward George Spencer-Churchill||3,993||47.1||+2.0|
Elections in the 1900sEdit
|Conservative||Frederick Leverton Harris||3,522||45.1||−8.0|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+8.0|
|Conservative||Frederick Leverton Harris||3,501||53.1||+1.4|
Elections in the 1890sEdit
Elections in the 1880sEdit
|Liberal||William Thomas Raymond||2,277||44.9||+2.1|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and referencesEdit
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Cosgrove was a Whitley Bay councillor and leading North East barrister
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "T" (part 2)
- "Tynemouth". BBC News. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
- "North Tyneside Borough Green Party". www.facebook.com.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Tunbridge Wells councillor to stand for Parliament - 320 miles away". 2 September 2014.
- "UK Polling Report". ukpollingreport.co.uk.
- "List of selected candidates". Liberal Democrats. 4 March 2015. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "North Tyneside Council: Website unavailable". www.northtyneside.gov.uk.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
- ‘GREGG, Sir Henry’, Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2016; online edn, Oxford University Press, 2014 ; online edn, April 2014 accessed 20 Sept 2017
- Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
- Gwynne, Howell Arthur. "Captain Edward George Spencer-Churchill". Retrieved 15 October 2017.
- Frederick Leverton-Harris (1864-1926) Obituary in The Times, Tuesday, 16 November 1926; pg. 16; Issue 44430; col B
- "The Representation of Tynemouth". Shields Daily Gazette. 10 Apr 1895. p. 3. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
- "Borough Tynemouth Parliamentary Election". Shields Daily News. 23 June 1886. p. 2. Retrieved 14 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Mr Joseph Spence for Tynemouth". Shields Daily Gazette. 9 October 1885. p. 3. Retrieved 14 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.