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Two Bombs, One Satellite (Chinese: 两弹一星; pinyin: Liǎngdàn Yīxīng) was an early nuclear and space project of the People's Republic of China. Two Bombs refers to the atomic bomb (and later the hydrogen bomb) and the intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM), while One Satellite refers to the artificial satellite. China tested its first atomic bomb and hydrogen bomb in 1964 and 1967 respectively, and successfully launched its first satellite (DFH-1) in 1970.[1][2] 23 scientists involved in the project were awarded the Two Bombs and One Satellite Merit Award (Chinese: 两弹一星功勋奖章) in 1999.[3][4] In 2015, the Two Bombs, One Satellite Memorial Museum was opened on the Huairou campus of the University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.[5]

List of Two Bombs, One Satellite Meritorious Medal recipientsEdit

Awardee Field Contribution Alma mater
Chen Fangyun (1916–2000) Radio electronics Satellite National Southwestern Associated University
Chen Nengkuan (1923–2016) Metal physics
Detonation physics
Atomic bomb and hydrogen bomb National Tangshan Engineering College
Yale University
Cheng Kaijia (1918–2018) Nuclear physics Atomic bomb and hydrogen bomb Zhejiang University
University of Edinburgh
Deng Jiaxian (1924–1986) Nuclear physics Atomic bomb and hydrogen bomb National Southwestern Associated University
Purdue University
Guo Yonghuai (1909–1968) Aerodynamics Atomic bomb, hydrogen bomb and missile Peking University
University of Toronto
California Institute of Technology
Huang Weilu (1916–2011) Engineering cybernetics Missile National Central University
Imperial College London
Peng Huanwu (1915–2007) Theoretical physics Atomic bomb and hydrogen bomb Tsinghua University
University of Edinburgh
Qian Ji (1917–1983) Space physics Satellite National Central University
Qian Sanqiang (1913–1992) Nuclear physics Atomic bomb and hydrogen bomb Tsinghua University
University of Paris
Collège de France
Qian Xuesen (1911–2009) Aeronautics
Engineering cybernetics
Rocket, missile and satellite National Chiao Tung University
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
California Institute of Technology
Ren Xinmin (1915–2017) Aeronautics Rocket, missile and satellite National Central University
Chongqing Ordnance School affiliated to Military Ministry
University of Michigan
Sun Jiadong (1929–) Aeronautics Missile and satellite Harbin Institute of Technology
Zhukovsky Air Force Academy
Tu Shou'e (1917–2012) Aeronautics Missile and rocket National Southwestern Associated University
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Wang Daheng (1915–2011) Optics Atomic bomb and satellite Tsinghua University
Imperial College London
Wang Ganchang (1907–1998) Nuclear physics Atomic bomb and hydrogen bomb Tsinghua University
University of Berlin
Wang Xiji (1921–) Space technology Rocket and satellite National Southwestern Associated University
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Wu Ziliang (1917–2008) Chemical metallurgy Atomic bomb National Northwestern Engineering Institute
Carnegie Institute of Technology
Yang Jiachi (1919–2006) Automation Satellite National Chiao Tung University
Harvard University
Yao Tongbin (1922–1968) Aerospace materials and technology Missile and rocket National Tangshan Engineering College
University of Birmingham
Yu Min (1926–2019) Nuclear physics Hydrogen bomb Peking University
Zhao Jiuzhang (1907–1968) Meteorology
Geophysics
Satellite Tsinghua University
University of Berlin
Zhou Guangzhao (1929–) Theoretical physics Atomic bomb and hydrogen bomb Tsinghua University
Peking University
Zhu Guangya (1924–2011) Nuclear physics Atomic bomb and hydrogen bomb National Southwestern Associated University
University of Michigan

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "China in Space: Carrying Forward the Spirit of Two Bombs and One Satellite". Retrieved 31 May 2016.
  2. ^ "China builds "two bombs, one satellite" memorial museum". Retrieved 31 May 2016.
  3. ^ "1964: "Two bombs and one satellite" launch successfully". Retrieved 31 May 2016.
  4. ^ "两弹一星". Retrieved 31 May 2016.
  5. ^ "China builds "two bombs, one satellite" memorial museum". China Military Online. 2015-09-03. Retrieved 2019-02-06.