Twenty-Third Army (Japan)

The Japanese 23rd Army (第23軍, Dai-nijyusan gun) was an army of the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II.

Japanese Twenty-Third Army
ActiveJune 26, 1941 - August 15, 1945
CountryEmpire of Japan
BranchImperial Japanese Army
EngagementsSecond Sino-Japanese War
Hitoshi Imamura
Takashi Sakai
Hisakazu Tanaka


The Japanese 23rd Army was formed on June 26, 1941 under the Imperial General Headquarters. It was transferred to the control of the China Expeditionary Army on August 12 of the same year. It was based in Guangdong province and on Hainan Island to replace the Southern China Area Army which was disbanded June 26, 1941.

The Japanese 23rd Army was primarily a garrison force to deter the possible landings of Allied forces in southern China. It was involved in the Battle of Guilin-Liuzhou (part of Operation Ichi-Go) from August–November 1944. The Japanese 23rd Army surrendered to the Chinese Kuomintang forces on August 15, 1945 with the surrender of Japan and was disbanded in Guangzhou.

List of CommandersEdit

Commanding officerEdit

Name From To
1 General Hitoshi Imamura 28 June 1941 6 November 1941
2 Lt. General Takashi Sakai 6 November 1941 1 March 1943
3 Lt. General Hisaichi Tanaka 1 March 1943 9 September 1945

Chief of staffEdit

Name From To
1 Lt. General Seizo Arisue 28 June 1941 15 September 1941
2 Lt. General Tadamichi Kuribayashi 15 September 1941 10 June 1943
3 Major General Yosuke Adachi 10 June 1943 16 December 1944
4 Major General Katsunobu Uzawa 16 December 1944 15 April 1945
5 Major General Naosuke Tomida 15 April 1945 1 September 1945

See alsoEdit



  • Dorn, Frank (1974). The Sino-Japanese War, 1937-41: From Marco Polo Bridge to Pearl Harbor. MacMillan. ISBN 0-02-532200-1.
  • Madej, Victor (1981). Japanese Armed Forces Order of Battle, 1937-1945. Game Publishing Company. ASIN: B000L4CYWW.

External linksEdit