Tututni (Dotodəni, alternatively "Tutudin"), also known as Upper Coquille, (Lower) Rogue River and Nuu-wee-ya,[3] is an Athabaskan language once spoken by three Tututni (Lower Rogue River Athabaskan) tribes: Tututni tribe (including Euchre Creek band), Coquille tribe, and Chasta Costa tribe who are part of the Rogue River Indian peoples of southwestern Oregon. In 2006 students at Linfield College participated in a project to "revitalize the language."[4] It is one of the four languages belonging to the Oregon Athabaskan cluster of the Pacific Coast Athabaskan languages.

Tutudin, Coquille, Lower Rogue River, Rogue River
Native toOregon
EthnicityCoquille tribe, Tututni tribe (including Euchre Creek band), Chasta Costa tribe
  • Coquille
  • Tututni
  • Euchre Creek
  • Chasta Costa
  • Mikwanutni
  • Sixes
  • Pistol River
Language codes
ISO 639-3Either:
tuu – Tututni
coq – Coquille
Glottologtutu1242  Tututni
coqu1236  Coquille
Tututni is classified as Extinct by the UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger

Dialects were Coquille (Upper Coquille, Mishikhwutmetunee), spoken along the upper Coquille River;[1] Tututni (Tututunne, Naltunnetunne, Mikonotunne, Kwatami, Chemetunne, Chetleshin, Khwaishtunnetunnne); Euchre Creek, and Chasta Costa (Illinois River, Šista Qʼʷə́sta).

Phonology edit

The following lists the consonant and vowel sounds in the Tututni language:[5]

Bilabial Alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Glottal
plain lat. sib. plain lab.
plain p t k ʔ
aspirated tʃʰ
ejective tɬʼ tsʼ tʂʼ tʃʼ kʷʼ
Fricative ɬ s ʂ ʃ x h
Sonorant m n l j ɣ ɣʷ
Front Central Back
Close i
Mid e ə o
Open a

References edit

  1. ^ a b Tututni at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
    Coquille at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger (Report) (3rd ed.). UNESCO. 2010. p. 11.
  3. ^ "National Breath of Life | Myaamia Center - Miami University".
  4. ^ Davis, Laura. "Saving Language from Extinction". Retrieved 2024-02-14.
  5. ^ Golla, Victor (1976). Tututni (Oregon Athapaskan). pp. 217–227.

Further reading edit

External links edit