Turricephaly is a type of cephalic disorder where the head appears tall with a small length and width.[3][4] It is due to premature closure of the coronal suture plus any other suture, like the lambdoid,[5] or it may be used to describe the premature fusion of all sutures.[2] It should be differentiated from Crouzon syndrome. Oxycephaly (or acrocephaly) is a form of turricephaly where the head is cone-shaped, and is the most severe of the craniosynostoses.[4]

Other namesOxycephaly,[1] Acrocephaly, Hypsicephaly,[1] Oxycephalia,[1] Steeple head,[1] Tower head,[1] Tower skull, High-head syndrome, Turmschädel[2]
Symptomsreduced head length and width for age


Common associationsEdit

It may be associated with:[6]

Conditions with turricephalyEdit



See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Patient with turribrachycephaly ("Marked anteroposterior nondevelopment and excessive vertical development of the cranium") and exophthalmos, common signs of this condition
  1. ^ a b c d e Mosby's Medical Dictionary (8th ed.). Elsevier. 2009. Retrieved 24 August 2013.
  2. ^ a b Bodian, Martin (May 6, 1950). "Oxycephaly". Journal of the American Medical Association. 143 (1): 15–8. doi:10.1001/jama.1950.02910360017006. PMID 15415226.
  3. ^ "Turricephaly". Elements of Morphology. National Human Genome Research Institute. Retrieved 2022-10-29.
  4. ^ a b Allanson, Judith E.; Cunniff, Christopher; Hoyme, H. Eugene; McGaughran, Julie; Muenke, Max; Neri, Giovanni (January 2009). "Elements of morphology: standard terminology for the head and face". American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A. 149A (1): 6–28. doi:10.1002/ajmg.a.32612. ISSN 1552-4833. PMC 2778021. PMID 19125436.
  5. ^ "oxycephaly". TheFreeDictionary. Retrieved 24 August 2013.
  6. ^ Weerakkody, Yuranga; Goel, Ayush. "Oxycephaly". Radiopaedia.org. Retrieved 24 August 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e "Turricephaly (Concept Id: C5399823)". MedGen. NCBI. Retrieved March 21, 2023.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g "Oxycephaly (Concept Id: C4551646)". MedGen. NCBI. Retrieved March 16, 2023.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit