Turn: Washington's Spies
Turn: Washington's Spies (originally titled Turn and stylized as TURИ: Washington's Spies) is an American period drama television series based on Alexander Rose's book Washington's Spies: The Story of America's First Spy Ring (2007), a history of the Culper Ring. The series originally aired on the AMC network for four seasons, from April 6, 2014, to August 12, 2017.
|Turn: Washington's Spies|
|Based on||Washington's Spies: The Story of America's First Spy Ring|
by Alexander Rose
|Developed by||Craig Silverstein|
|Opening theme||"Hush" performed by Joy Williams, Matt Berninger, and Charlie Peacock|
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||4|
|No. of episodes||40 (list of episodes)|
|Production locations||Richmond, Virginia, Williamsburg, Virginia, Yorktown, Virginia, Petersburg, Virginia|
|Cinematography||Lol Crawley ("Pilot")|
Marvin V. Rush
Harry B. Miller III
Ian E. Silverstein
|Running time||41–47 minutes|
54 minutes ("Washington's Spies")
64 minutes ("Pilot")
|Production companies||AMC Studios|
|Original release||April 6, 2014 –|
August 12, 2017
The story covers events from 1776 to 1781 and features a farmer from Setauket, New York, and his childhood friends. They form an unlikely group of spies called the Culper Ring, which eventually helps to turn the tide during the American Revolutionary War. The series begins in October 1776, shortly after British victories recapture Long Island and the Port of New York for the Crown, and leave General George Washington's army in dire straits. The first episode opens with the following introductory text:
Autumn 1776. Insurgents have declared war against the Crown. Following a successful naval landing, His Majesty's Army has forced Washington's rebels into the wilderness. New York City serves as military base of operations for the British. The Loyalists of nearby Long Island keep vigilant watch out for sympathizers and spies.
- Jamie Bell as Abraham Woodhull
- Seth Numrich as Captain Benjamin Tallmadge
- Daniel Henshall as Lieutenant Caleb Brewster
- Heather Lind as Anna Strong
- Meegan Warner as Mary Woodhull
- Burn Gorman as Major Edmund Hewlett (based on Richard Hewlett)
- Samuel Roukin as Captain John Graves Simcoe
- Kevin R. McNally as Judge Richard Woodhull
- Angus Macfadyen as Major Robert Rogers (seasons 1–3; special appearance 4)
- JJ Feild as Major John André (seasons 1–3)
- Ksenia Solo as Peggy Shippen (seasons 2–4)
- Ian Kahn as General George Washington (recurring season 1, main seasons 2–4)
- Owain Yeoman as General Benedict Arnold (seasons 2–4)
- Nick Westrate as Robert Townsend (recurring season 2, main seasons 3–4)
- Idara Victor as Abigail, code named Agent 355
- Darren Alford as Cicero
- Andrew McKeough as John Carter
- Talmadge Ragan as Woman in Crowd
- Dylan Saunders as Joseph Sturridge (season 1)
- Robert Beitzel as Selah Strong (seasons 1, 4)
- Jonny Coyne as Colonel Jonathan Cooke (seasons 1, 3–4)
- Brian T. Finney as General Charles Lee (seasons 1–2)
- David Furr as Walter Havens (seasons 1, 4)
- Michael Gaston as General Charles Scott (season 1)
- Amy Gumenick as Philomena Cheer (season 1, season 3–4)
- Jamie Harris as John Robeson (seasons 1–3)
- Aldis Hodge as Jordan/Akinbode (seasons 1–2, 4)
- Thomas Keegan as Ensign Baker (season 1)
- Alex Miller as Colonel Joseph Reed (seasons 1–2)
- Taylor Roberts as Rachel Clark (seasons 1–2)
- Stephen Root as Nathaniel Sackett (seasons 1–2)
- Gentry White as William Lee (seasons 2–3)
- John Billingsley as Samuel Townsend (seasons 2–3)
- Ralph Brown as General Henry Clinton (seasons 2–4)
- Stuart Greer as Officer Yates (season 2)
- Josh Price as Freddy Morgan (seasons 2–4)
- Brian Wiles as Marquis de Lafayette (seasons 2–4)
- Lilli Birdsell as Martha Washington (seasons 3–4)
- John Carroll Lynch as James Rivington (seasons 3–4)
- Sean Haggerty as Colonel Alexander Hamilton (seasons 3–4)
- Adam J. Harrington as Lieutenant Gamble (seasons 2–3)
- Edward Akrout as Amos Parker (season 4)
- Kelly AuCoin as Hercules Mulligan (season 4)
- Chris Webster as John Champe (season 4)
- Mark Halpern as Lieutenant Appleton (seasons 1, 4)
- Laura Meakin as Hesther Carney (season 4)
|First aired||Last aired|
|1||10||April 6, 2014||June 8, 2014|
|2||10||April 13, 2015||June 8, 2015|
|3||10||April 25, 2016||June 27, 2016|
|4||10||June 17, 2017||August 12, 2017|
Turn: Washington's Spies was renewed for a second 10-episode season on June 23, 2014, which premiered on April 13, 2015, and for a third 10-episode season on July 15, 2015, which premiered on April 25, 2016. On July 26, 2016, Turn: Washington's Spies was renewed for a fourth and final 10-episode season, which had a two-hour premiere on June 17, 2017.
The first season of Turn: Washington's Spies received mixed reviews. Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes rated the season 54%, based on 39 reviews, with an average rating of 6.28/10. The site's consensus reads, "Turn's uneven treatment of the American Revolution is more frustrating than exciting and memorable." On Metacritic, the first season scored 62 out of 100, based on reviews from 35 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".
The second season received positive reviews. On Rotten Tomatoes, the season has an approval rating of 90%, based on 10 reviews, with an average rating of 7.38/10. The website's critics consensus reads: "The revolution gains steam in an improved second season that delivers on the series' promise of espionage thrills along with an expanded historical grandeur." On Metacritic, the season has a weighted average score of 68 out of 100, based on reviews from 4 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".
On Rotten Tomatoes, the third season has a rating of 100%, based on 5 reviews, with an average rating of 8/10 and the fourth season has a rating of 80% based on 5 reviews, with an average rating of 7.55/10.
The series deviated from history in certain instances:
- Abraham Woodhull was unmarried and childless during the period in which he was a spy. He did not marry Mary Smith until 1781 and did not have a son named Thomas.
- Anna Strong was 10 years older than Abraham Woodhull. There is no evidence to suggest that they had anything other than a professional relationship.
- Edmund Hewlett is a fictitious character. The commander of the garrison at Setauket was Richard Hewlett, although he did not succeed John Andre as spymaster. Richard was married with 11 children, and there is no evidence of an affair with Anna Strong.
- Richard Woodhull was not killed in a skirmish.
- Robert Rogers did not engage Benjamin Tallmadge in a battle.
- Abraham Woodhull did not join the regiment of loyalist American volunteers founded by Benedict Arnold.
- Nathaniel Sackett survived the war.
- Sarah Livingstone was the wife of John Jay, not a homesteader who helped Benjamin Tallmadge.
- Amos Parker was a bodyguard for General Lafayette instead of a British Privateer.
Awards and nominationsEdit
This section needs additional citations for verification. (June 2017)
The first season of TURN: Washington's Spies was released on DVD and Blu-ray on March 17, 2015; it became available on Netflix on March 25, 2015. The second season was released on DVD on March 22, 2016 and became available on Netflix on April 11, 2016. The third season was released on DVD on November 8, 2016. and became available on Netflix on June 4, 2017. The fourth season became available on Netflix on December 1, 2017.
On March 26, 2014, AMC released the digital comic TURN: Origins, illustrated by Steve Ellis, that portrays childhood and adulthood events from the lives of several of the series' main characters, including Abraham Woodhull, Benjamin Tallmadge, Anna Strong, and Caleb Brewster.
On April 10 and April 15, 2015, AMC released the first and second chapters, respectively, of a second digital comic, TURN: Rivals, that portrays the past rivalry of George Washington and Robert Rogers.
- "Turn: Washington's Spies". AMC. Retrieved March 22, 2015.
- "AMC Revolutionary War Drama 'Turn: Washington's Spies' Begins Production on Season Two in Colonial Williamsburg". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on October 2, 2014. Retrieved November 27, 2014.
- Andreeva, Nellie (July 26, 2014). "TCA: AMC Picks Up 'Halt & Catch Fire' & 'Turn' To Series". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
- Lee, Dayton (March 26, 2014). "TURN: Origins Comic Now Online". AMC-TV.
- Bibel, Sara (January 11, 2014). "AMC Announces Premiere Dates for Final Season of 'Mad Men', 'Better Call Saul', 'Turn' & More". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on January 11, 2014. Retrieved January 11, 2014.
- "AMC Revolutionary War Drama 'Turn: Washington's Spies' Begins Production on Season Two in Colonial Williamsburg - Ratings". TVbytheNumbers. Archived from the original on 2014-10-02.
- Deerwester, Jayme (August 13, 2017). "'Turn: Washington's Spies' finale: What became of all the characters?". USA Today.
- O'Connell, Michael (June 23, 2014). "AMC Renews 'Turn' for a Second Season". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved June 24, 2014.
- Kissell, Rick (February 23, 2015). "AMC Expanding Monday Push, Sets Season 2 of 'Turn' For Night". Variety. Retrieved February 23, 2015.
- Stanhope, Kate (July 15, 2015). "AMC Renews 'Turn' for Third Season". Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 15, 2015.
- "First-Look Photo and Premiere Date Released for TURN: Washington's Spies Season 3". AMC. January 8, 2016. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
- "TURN: Washington's Spies Renewed for Season 4". AMC. July 26, 2016. Retrieved July 26, 2016.
- "TURN: Washington's Spies Returns to "Finish the Fight" in Its Final Season on Saturday, June 17". AMC. April 25, 2017. Retrieved April 25, 2017.
- "Turn: Season 1 (2014)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved November 18, 2020.
- "Turn: Season 1". Metacritic. Retrieved November 18, 2020.
- "Turn: Season 2 (2015)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved November 18, 2020.
- "Turn: Season 2". Metacritic. Retrieved November 18, 2020.
- "Turn: Season 3 (2016)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved November 18, 2020.
- "Turn: Season 4 (2017)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved November 18, 2020.
- "TURN in Real Life: Abraham Woodhull, Setauket, and the Real Culper Spy Ring". War History Online. Retrieved August 13, 2018.
- "TURN 2014 DAR Media & Entertainment Award Ceremony". AMC. Retrieved August 1, 2014.
- "Turn: Washington's Spies - The Complete First Season Blu-ray". Blu-Ray.com. January 14, 2015. Retrieved January 15, 2015.
- "TURN: Washington's Spies DVD Release Date". DVDs Release Dates. Retrieved March 16, 2016.
- "Turn: Washington's Spies: The Complete Third Season DVD". Blu-ray.com. September 11, 2016. Retrieved September 11, 2016.
- Ellis, Steve (illustrator) (March 26, 2014). TURN: Origins.
- Bell, Shavonne (April 10, 2015). "10 Ways to Get Ready for the TURN: Washington's Spies Season 2 Premiere". AMC-TV. Retrieved April 10, 2015.
- Neuman, Clayton (Producer) & Morgan, LaToya (Writer) & Hunt, Chris (Colors & Pencils & Ink) & Colden, Kevin (Inks & Letters) & Plummer, Shay (Colors) & Lindemann, Karl (Development) (April 10, 2015). Rivals (Online comic book ed.). Retrieved April 13, 2015.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
- Official website
- Comics series:
- Steve Ellis (illustrator) (March 26, 2014). TURN: Origins.
- Neuman, Clayton (Producer) & Morgan, LaToya (Writer) & Hunt, Chris (Colors & Pencils & Ink) & Colden, Kevin (Inks & Letters) & Plummer, Shay (Colors) & Lindemann, Karl (Development) (April 2015). TURN: Rivals (Online comic book ed.). Retrieved April 13, 2015.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
- Turn: Washington's Spies at IMDb
- Turn: Washington's Spies at TV Guide