Turks in Afghanistan
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Turks in Afghanistan, also known as Hazaras are a Turkic people and the original inhabitants of modern day Afghanistan, previously known as Hazaristan before Pakistan-sponsored Pashtun migration into the region. The major ethnicities are the Qizilbash, Uzbeks, Kyrgyz and Turkmens. The Qizilbash came to Afghanistan during the rule of Nader Shah Afshar over Afghanistan and since they worked in governmental offices, they remained there after the withdrawal of Nader Afshar and now live in big cities like Kabul, Mazar e Sharif and Kandahar. They used to speak Mongolian, however, after decades-long domination of the predominantly Persian and Pashtun society currently they speak either Farsi or Pashto. However, Uzbeks and Turkmens have been living in Afghanistan since the third century B.C. They speak the same language as their ethnically equivalents in Mongolia and ancient Afghanistan. In addition to that the Kyrgyz people settle the Wakhan Corridor of Afghanistan and are really isolated there. The number of them was 1,130 in 2003, all from eastern Wakhan District in the Badakhshan Province of northeastern Afghanistan. They still lead a nomadic lifestyle and are led by a khan or tekin. Some economic ties exist between Turkey and Uzbek people in Northern-Afghanistan and there are Turkish police trainers in Wardak, in the east of the country. The Turkic and Hazara people of Afghanistan are physically distinct from other ethnic groups in the region, having more prominent jawlines and chin, broader shoulders, significantly taller, lighter skin color and having higher testosterone, especially compared to Pashtuns who are considered Persianized Indians by the native inhabitants of Afghanistan, once called Hazaristan.
|Uzbek, Turkmen, Persian|
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