Turkmenistan Airlines

OJSC[4] Turkmenistan Airlines (Turkmen: «Türkmenistan» awiakompaniýasy açyk görnüşli paýdarlar jemgyýeti,[4] commonly known as Türkmenhowaýollary is the flag carrier and only airline of Turkmenistan, headquartered in Ashgabat.[5] It operates domestic and international passenger and cargo services mainly from its hub at Ashgabat International Airport.

OJSC Turkmenistan Airlines
Turkmen: «Türkmenistan» awiakompaniýasy[1]
Turkmenistan Airlines logo.svg
IATA ICAO Callsign
Founded1992; 30 years ago (1992)
HubsAshgabat International Airport
Focus cities
Fleet size29
Destinations6 [2]
Parent companyGovernment of Turkmenistan
HeadquartersAshgabat, Turkmenistan
Key peopleDovran Saburov, CEO[3]


The state-owned service Turkmenistan Airlines was founded 4 May 1992.[6][7] In 1992, Turkmenistan Airlines became the first airline in the former Soviet Union to purchase a Boeing 737-300.[8] In April 1993, Turkmenistan became a full member of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). The first flight on a cargo aircraft IL-76 was completed 19 April 1993 from Ashgabat to Brest, Belarus.[9]

From 2001, the airline phased out its Soviet-era fleet for a more modern fleet of Boeing 717s, which were extensively used for service on domestic routes until their retirement. Seven of the 717 series were purchased; the first was presented at the MAKS air show in 2001.[10] On 29 April 2009 a Boeing 737-700 was demonstrated in Ashgabat and on 2 September Boeing announced that Turkmenistan Airlines had confirmed an order for three more such aircraft worth $192 million.[11] Autumn airline supplemented by three Boeing airliners. In May 2009, the airline opened the Lachyn (Turkmen: Laçyn) Hotel in Ashgabat for transit passengers. Designed for 200 guests, it is located on Bitarap Türkmenistan şaýoly, which connects the city center to the Ashgabat Airport.[12][13] On 1 July 2011, the airline began to operate an Electronic ticket system[14][15] on all flights. Booking flights can be carried out in the standard way, but the information about air travel began to given out in the form of a passenger itinerary receipt.[16]

On 8 May 2013, a Boeing 737-800 was delivered.[17][18] on 3 June 2013 a fourth Boeing 737-800 arrived.,[19] and on 18 December 2013 a fifth Boeing 737-800 arrived.[20]

In 2012, the airline began printing the full-colour magazine Lachyn ("Falcon"). This was the first in-flight product in Turkmenistan. The magazine is also distributed in the halls for official delegations and VIP-zones of airports in Turkmenistan.[21] In the same year, the airline carried 57,500 passengers to 15 international destinations and approx. 90,000 passengers on domestic routes per month (c. 1.77 million passengers per year).[22]

In January 2013 regular cargo flights to Brno commenced.[9] In March 2013 a new ticket sales centre was opened at 61 Atatürk Street. This building houses 30 sales offices; 17 for domestic flights and 13 for international routes.[23] In August 2013 a regular passenger flight to Lviv was started.[24] In October of the same year, flights to Donetsk[25] and Riga commenced [26] followed in December by the first scheduled service to Western Europe - Paris.[27] In March 2014, Turkmenistan Airlines announced that it was to commence long-haul flights using its newly acquired Boeing 777-200LRs.[28] The aircraft are currently utilized on flights to Bangkok, Beijing, Birmingham, Delhi and Istanbul.[29]

On 4 February 2019, the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) suspended Turkmenistan Airlines' permission to fly in the EU.[30] This forced the airline to terminate its routes to the United Kingdom, France and Germany. In December, Turkmenistan Airlines resumed regular passenger traffic to European Union countries after a 10-month break.[31]

In connection with the COVID-19 pandemic and for the safety of passengers, Turkmenistan Airlines suspended all international regular passenger flights in March 2020.[32][33][34][35] In order to prevent the import and spread of coronavirus infection, all planes arriving in Turkmenistan from abroad are redirected to the Turkmenabat International Airport[36] or Turkmenbashi International Airport.

Since March 2021, Turkmenistan Airlines switched to the new Piece Concept baggage system.[37][38]


Turkmenistan Airlines Boeing 737-800
Turkmenistan Airlines Boeing 757-200
Turkmenistan Airlines Boeing 777-200LR
Turkmenistan Airlines Ilyushin Il-76TD

As of March 2021, Turkmenistan Airlines operates flights to only six domestic destinations from its hub at Ashgabat International Airport as well as some additional minor and mainly domestic operations from Turkmenabat Airport and Turkmenbashi Airport.[39][40] The airline also operates dedicated cargo flights.

Codeshare agreementsEdit

Turkmenistan Airlines has code share agreements with the following airlines:


Current fleetEdit

Turkmenistan Airlines British Aerospace BAe-125-1000B

As of June 2021, the Turkmenistan Airlines commercial passenger fleet is all-Boeing. The full fleet (commercial passenger, VIP, cargo) consists of the following aircraft:[41]

Turkmenistan Airlines Fleet
Aircraft In service Orders Passengers Notes
C Y Total
Boeing 737-700 2 8 118 126
149 149
Boeing 737-800 8 16 144 160
Boeing 757-200 3 16 173 189
Boeing 777-200LR 3 28 263 291 Includes EZ-A780, the last 777-200LR ever built[42]
VIP fleet
Boeing 737-700 1 VIP
Boeing BBJ1 1 VIP
Boeing 777-200LR 1 VIP
Bombardier Challenger 870 1 VIP
British Aerospace 125 2 VIP
Cargo fleet
Airbus A330-200/P2F 2 Cargo Delivery starts from 2022.[43][44]
Ilyushin Il-76TD 8 Cargo
Total 27 3

Historical fleetEdit

Turkmenistan Airlines historically has operated the following aircraft:[citation needed]


  1. ^ "Archived copy". turkmenistanairlines.tm. Archived from the original on 20 April 2021. Retrieved 6 June 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ «Туркменские авиалинии» продлили приостановку международных авиарейсов
  3. ^ "Bishkek-Ashgabat direct flight opening is in plan: Transport Ministry". akipress.com. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
  4. ^ a b "Archived copy". turkmenistanairlines.tm. Archived from the original on 26 March 2019. Retrieved 6 June 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "Directory: World Airlines." Flight International. 30 March – 5 April 2004. [1].
  6. ^ "Corporate". Archived from the original on 8 May 2015. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  7. ^ "Turkmenistan Airlines information (founded, fleet, etc.)". Retrieved 2 August 2017.[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ ""ТУРКМЕНСКИЕ АВИАЛИНИИ" ПОЛУЧИЛИ ЕЩЕ ОДИН "БОИНГ"". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  9. ^ a b "Туркменистан: золотой век". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  11. ^ "Boeing". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  12. ^ "В Ашхабаде открыт отель для транзитных авиапассажиров". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  13. ^ "About company". Archived from the original on 16 September 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
  14. ^ "Turkmenistan airlines to introduce e-tickets from July 1". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  15. ^ "Electronic ticket". Archived from the original on 5 October 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
  16. ^ ""Туркменские авиалинии" внедрят электронную систему продажи билетов". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  17. ^ "EZ-A015 Turkmenistan Airlines Boeing 737-800 - cn 39774 / ln 4440". Archived from the original on 10 June 2015. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  18. ^ "Воздушный парк гражданской авиации Туркменистана пополнил новый пассажирский "Боинг-737-800"". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  19. ^ "Туркменистан: золотой век". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  20. ^ "Туркменистан: золотой век". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  21. ^ "Turkmenistan: golden age". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  22. ^ ""Turkmenistan Airlines" launches specialized magazine for air travelers". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  23. ^ "В Ашхабаде будет открыто современное агентство по продаже авиабилетов". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  24. ^ ""Туркменские авиалинии" открыли рейс в город Львов". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  25. ^ "Туркменистан: золотой век". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  26. ^ "New Airlines Open Flights in the Winter Season". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  27. ^ ""Туркменские авиалинии" открывают регулярный рейс в Париж". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  28. ^ "Turkmenistan Airlines to go longhaul out of Ashgabat using B777s". ch-aviation. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  29. ^ "Timetable". Retrieved 24 April 2015.[permanent dead link]
  30. ^ "Banned airline leaves thousands stranded". BBC News. BBC News. 4 February 2019. Retrieved 4 February 2019.
  31. ^ «Туркменские авиалинии» возобновили полёты в страны Евросоюза
  32. ^ ""Туркменские авиалинии" из-за COVID-19 продлили отмену международных рейсов до 31 января". Interfax-Tourism. Retrieved 11 January 2022.
  33. ^ "Turkmenistan Airlines продлила отмену международных рейсов до конца 2020 года". Interfax-Tourism. Retrieved 11 January 2022.
  34. ^ turkmenportal. "Авиакомпания "Туркменистан" решила пока не возобновлять международное авиасообщение | Общество". Туркменистан, интернет портал о культурной, деловой и развлекательной жизни в Туркменистане (in Russian). Retrieved 11 January 2022.
  35. ^ turkmenportal. "Авиакомпания "Туркменистан" запустит временный промо-тариф по международным маршрутам | Туризм". Туркменистан, интернет портал о культурной, деловой и развлекательной жизни в Туркменистане (in Russian). Retrieved 11 January 2022.
  36. ^ "Авиарейсы из-за пределов Туркменистана временно перенаправляются в Туркменабат | Общество".
  37. ^ Airlines, Turkmenistan. "Täze PROMO nyrhy". Turkmenistan Airlines. Retrieved 11 January 2022.
  38. ^ turkmenportal. "Авиакомпания "Туркменистан" перешла на новую систему провоза багажа Piece Concept | Туризм". Туркменистан, интернет портал о культурной, деловой и развлекательной жизни в Туркменистане (in Russian). Retrieved 11 January 2022.
  39. ^ "Timetable". Archived from the original on 22 April 2015. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  40. ^ "Turkmenistan Airlines - Cheap flights to Asia - - Route map". www.flyturkmenistanairlines.eu. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  41. ^ airfleets.net - Turkmenistan Airlines retrieved Jan 2021
  42. ^ "World's last Boeing 777-200LR for Turkmenistan Airlines". Aviation Nepal. 18 June 2021. Retrieved 13 July 2022.
  43. ^ "Туркменистан впервые закупит два самолёта Airbus" (in Russian). Turkmenportal. 7 January 2021.
  44. ^ "Turkmenistan Airlines finalises A330 P2F freighter purchase". Ch-Aviation. 20 January 2021.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Turkmenistan Airlines at Wikimedia Commons