Turkmenistan Airlines

Turkmenistan Airlines (Turkmen: Türkmenhowaýollary) is the flag carrier and only airline of Turkmenistan, headquartered in Ashgabat.[2] It operates domestic and international passenger and cargo services mainly from its hub at Ashgabat International Airport.

Turkmenistan Airlines
Turkmen: Türkmenhowaýollary
Turkmenistan Airlines logo.png
IATA ICAO Callsign
Founded1992; 28 years ago (1992)
HubsAshgabat International Airport
Focus cities
Fleet size29
Parent companyGovernment of Turkmenistan
HeadquartersAshgabat, Turkmenistan
Key peopleDovran Saburov, CEO[1]


The state-owned service Turkmenistan Airlines was founded 4 May 1992.[3][4] In 1992, Turkmenistan Airlines became the first airline in the former Soviet Union to purchase a Boeing 737-300.[5] In April 1993, Turkmenistan became a full member of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). The first flight on a cargo aircraft IL-76 was completed 19 April 1993 from Ashgabat to Brest, Belarus.[6]

From 2001, the airline phased out its Soviet-era fleet for a more modern fleet of Boeing 717s, which were extensively used for service on domestic routes until their retirement. Seven of the 717 series were purchased; the first was presented at the MAKS air show in 2001.[7] On April 29, 2009 a Boeing 737-700 was demonstrated in Ashgabat and on 2 September Boeing announced that Turkmenistan Airlines had confirmed an order for three more such aircraft worth $192 million.[8] Autumn airline supplemented by three Boeing airliners. In May 2009, the airline opened the Lachin hotel in Ashgabat for transit passengers. Designed for 200 guests, it is located on Avenue of Neutrality, which connects the city center to the Ashgabat Airport.[9][10] On July 1, 2011, the airline began to operate an Electronic ticket system[11][12] on all flights. Booking flights can be carried out in the standard way, but the information about air travel began to given out in the form of a passenger itinerary receipt.[13]

On May 8, 2013, a Boeing 737-800 was delivered.[14][15] on June 3, 2013 a fourth Boeing 737-800 arrived.,[16] and on December 18, 2013 a fifth Boeing 737-800 arrived.[17]

In 2012, the airline began printing the full-colour magazine "Lachin". This was the first in-flight product in Turkmenistan. The magazine is also distributed in the halls for official delegations and VIP-zones of airports in Turkmenistan.[18] In the same year, the airline carried 57,500 passengers to 15 international destinations and approx. 90,000 passengers on domestic routes per month (c. 1.77 million passengers per year).[19]

In January 2013 regular cargo flights to Brno commenced.[6] In March 2013 a new ticket sales centre was opened at 61 Atatürk Street. This building houses 30 sales offices; 17 for domestic flights and 13 for international routes.[20] In August 2013 a regular passenger flight to Lviv was started.[21] In October of the same year, flights to Donetsk[22] and Riga commenced [23] followed in December by the first scheduled service to Western Europe - Paris.[24] In March 2014, Turkmenistan Airlines announced that it was to commence long-haul flights using its newly acquired Boeing 777-200LRs.[25] The aircraft are currently utilized on flights to Bangkok, Beijing, Birmingham, Delhi and Istanbul.[26]

On 4 February 2019, the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) suspended Turkmenistan Airlines' permission to fly in the EU.[27] This forced the airline to terminate its routes to the United Kingdom, France and Germany. In December, Turkmenistan Airlines resumed regular passenger traffic to European Union countries after a 10-month break[28].


Turkmenistan Airlines Boeing 737-800
Turkmenistan Airlines Boeing 757-200
Turkmenistan Airlines Boeing 777-200LR
Turkmenistan Airlines Ilyushin Il-76TD

As of April 2015, Turkmenistan Airlines operates flights to 23 domestic and international destinations from its hub at Ashgabat International Airport as well as some additional minor and mainly domestic operations from Turkmenabat Airport and Turkmenbashi Airport.[29][30] The airline also operates dedicated cargo flights.

Codeshare agreementsEdit

Turkmenistan Airlines has code share agreements with the following airlines:


Current fleetEdit

As of June 2020, the Turkmenistan Airlines fleet is an all-Boeing fleet of the following aircraft:[31]

Turkmenistan Airlines Fleet
Aircraft In service Orders Passengers Notes
C Y Total
Boeing 737-700 3 8 118 126
149 149
Boeing 737-800 7 16 144 160
Boeing 757-200 4 16 173 189
Boeing 777-200LR 4 1 28 263 291
VIP fleet
Boeing 737-700 1 VIP
Boeing BBJ1 1 VIP
Boeing 777-200LR 1 VIP
Bombardier Challenger 870 1 VIP
Cargo fleet
Ilyushin Il-76TD 8 Cargo
Total 29 1

Historical fleetEdit

Turkmenistan Airlines operated the following aircraft all through its history:


  1. ^ "Bishkek-Ashgabat direct flight opening is in plan: Transport Ministry". akipress.com. Retrieved 14 October 2018.
  2. ^ "Directory: World Airlines." Flight International. 30 March-5 April 2004. [1].
  3. ^ "Corporate". Archived from the original on 8 May 2015. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  4. ^ "Turkmenistan Airlines information (founded, fleet, etc.)". Retrieved 2 August 2017.[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ ""ТУРКМЕНСКИЕ АВИАЛИНИИ" ПОЛУЧИЛИ ЕЩЕ ОДИН "БОИНГ"". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  6. ^ a b "Туркменистан: золотой век". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  8. ^ "Boeing". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  9. ^ "В Ашхабаде открыт отель для транзитных авиапассажиров". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  10. ^ "About company". Archived from the original on 16 September 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
  11. ^ "Turkmenistan airlines to introduce e-tickets from July 1". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  12. ^ "Electronic ticket". Archived from the original on 5 October 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
  13. ^ ""Туркменские авиалинии" внедрят электронную систему продажи билетов". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  14. ^ "EZ-A015 Turkmenistan Airlines Boeing 737-800 - cn 39774 / ln 4440". Archived from the original on 10 June 2015. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  15. ^ "Воздушный парк гражданской авиации Туркменистана пополнил новый пассажирский "Боинг-737-800"". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  16. ^ "Туркменистан: золотой век". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  17. ^ "Туркменистан: золотой век". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  18. ^ "Turkmenistan: golden age". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  19. ^ ""Turkmenistan Airlines" launches specialized magazine for air travelers". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  20. ^ "В Ашхабаде будет открыто современное агентство по продаже авиабилетов". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  21. ^ ""Туркменские авиалинии" открыли рейс в город Львов". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  22. ^ "Туркменистан: золотой век". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  23. ^ "New Airlines Open Flights in the Winter Season". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  24. ^ ""Туркменские авиалинии" открывают регулярный рейс в Париж". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  25. ^ "Turkmenistan Airlines to go longhaul out of Ashgabat using B777s". ch-aviation. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  26. ^ "Timetable". Retrieved 24 April 2015.[permanent dead link]
  27. ^ "Banned airline leaves thousands stranded". BBC News. BBC News. Retrieved 4 February 2019.
  28. ^ «Туркменские авиалинии» возобновили полёты в страны Евросоюза
  29. ^ "Timetable". Archived from the original on 22 April 2015. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  30. ^ "Turkmenistan Airlines - Cheap flights to Asia - - Route map". www.flyturkmenistanairlines.eu. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  31. ^ airfleets.net - Turkmenistan Airlines retrieved 28 June 2020

External linksEdit

  Media related to Turkmenistan Airlines at Wikimedia Commons