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Turkish Braille (kabartma yazı) is the braille alphabet of the Turkish language.

Turkish Braille
Type
alphabet
LanguagesTurkish
Parent systems
Braille
Print basis
Turkish alphabet

Contents

AlphabetEdit

Turkish Braille follows international usage. The vowels with diacritics, ö and ü, have their French/German forms, whereas the consonants with diacritics, ç, ğ, and ş, have the forms of the nearest English approximations, ch, gh, and sh. Dotless i is derived by shifting down.[1][2][3]

 
a
 
b
 
c
 
ç
 
d
 
e
 
f
 
g
 
ğ
 
h
 
ı
 
i
 
j
 
k
 
l
 
m
 
n
 
o
 
ö
 
p
 
r
 
s
 
ş
 
t
 
u
 
ü
 
v
 
y
 
z
 
 

The accent point, , is used for â, î, û. Point is used for capitals.[3]

PunctuationEdit

Punctuation and arithmetical signs are as follows:[3]

 
◌̂
 
'
 
,
 
;
 
:
 
.[4]
 
!
 
?
 
-
 
(space)
   
( ... )
   
“ ... ”
  
(quote dash)
  
(poetry)
  
*
  
/
  
+
  
  
=

is perhaps related to in Irish Braille, which marks a new line of verse.

For quotations, the dash — is used differently from inverted commas “...”, for example when transcribing short turns in dialog.

Extensions to other languagesEdit

Azeri (Azerbaijani) Braille adds the letters x and q with their international forms and . These, and w, are used in Turkish Braille as well for foreign words. Azeri Braille uses the accent mark to derive print ä (formerly ə) from a.[5][unreliable source?]

  
ə/ä
 
x
 
q

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Beysehir Guidance and Research Centre[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-02-11. Retrieved 2013-02-11.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ a b c (two Turkish Braille charts)
  4. ^ And thus for ellipsis
  5. ^ World Braille Usage, UNESCO, 2013