Turbinellus is a genus of five species of fungi in the family Gomphaceae.

Turbinellus
Gomphus floccosus 6051.JPG
Turbinellus floccosus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Gomphales
Family: Gomphaceae
Genus: Turbinellus
Earle (1909)
Type species
Turbinellus floccosus
(Schwein.) Earle (1909)
Species

TaxonomyEdit

Turbinellus was circumscribed by Franklin Sumner Earle in 1909. Of the three species originally placed in the genus he remarked "They constitute a striking and well-marked genus which seems to have more in common with the club-shaped species of Craterellus than with the following genus where they have always been placed."[1] The genus, along with several others in the Gomphaceae, was reorganized in the 2010s after molecular analysis revealed that the older morphology-based classification did not accurately represent phylogenetic relationships.[2][3][4] The type species, Turbinellus floccosus, had been placed before then in the genus Gomphus.[3]

DescriptionEdit

Fruit bodies of Turbinellus species are wrinkled, with a turbinate shape–like an inverted cone or funnel. The flesh is thick and cork-like. The hymenium (the fertile surface where spores are produced) have an irregular texture with folds that are forked and reticulate.[1]

SpeciesEdit

Image Scientific name Distribution
Turbinellus flabellatus (Berk.) Giachini 2011 Japan
  Turbinellus floccosus (Schwein.) Earle ex Giachini & Castellano 2011 widespread
  Turbinellus fujisanensis (S.Imai) Giachini 2011 Japan
  Turbinellus kauffmanii (A.H.Sm.) Giachini 2011 United States
Turbinellus stereoides (Corner) Giachini 2011 Asia

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Earle FS. (1909). "The genera of North American gill fungi". Bulletin of the New York Botanical Garden. 5: 373–451 (see p.&nbsp, 407).
  2. ^ Giachini AJ, Hosaka K, Nouhra E, Spatafora J, Trappe JM. (2010). "Phylogenetic relationships of the Gomphales based on nuc-25S-rDNA, mit-12S-rDNA, and mit-atp6-DNA combined sequences". Fungal Biology. 114 (2–3): 224–234. doi:10.1016/j.funbio.2010.01.002. PMID 20943133.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  3. ^ a b Giachini AJ, Castellano MA. (2011). "A new taxonomic classification for species in Gomphus sensu lato". Mycotaxon. 115: 183–201. doi:10.5248/115.183.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  4. ^ Giachini AJ, Camelini CM, Rossi MJ, Soares CRFS, Trappe JM. (2012). "Systematics of the Gomphales: the genus Gomphus sensu stricto". Mycotaxon. 120: 385–400. doi:10.5248/120.385.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)

External linksEdit