Tuone Udaina (1823 – June 10, 1898; Antonio Udina in Italian) was a Liburnian man who was the last person to have any active knowledge of the Dalmatian language, a Romance language that had evolved from Latin along the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea. He was the main source of knowledge about his parents' dialect, that of the island of Veglia (Krk in Croatian), for the linguist Matteo Bartoli, who recorded it in 1897.
Udaina bore the nickname Burbur, the etymology of which is uncertain. Bartoli tentatively associated it with burbero, an Italian word for a surly, gruff, or ill-tempered person. Other interpretations include "barbarian" and "barber". He worked as a marine postman and as a sexton.
Vegliot Dalmatian was not Udaina's native language, as he had learned it from listening to his parents' private conversations. Udaina had not spoken the Dalmatian language for nearly 20 years at the time he acted as a linguistic informant. No sound recordings were ever made.
When Udaina was killed at 74 in an explosion during road work on June 10, 1898, the Dalmatian language is generally assumed to have become extinct as no other speakers of the language were found or known to live.
- Roegiest 2006, p. 138.
- Brahms 2005, p. 183.
- Strčić 1998, pp. 261–262.
- Strčić 1998, p. 261.
- Kapović 2008, p. 61.
- Hildegard Temporini; Wolfgang Haase (1983). Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt: Geschichte und Kultur Roms im Spiegel der neueren Forschung. Principat. Sprache und Literatur (in German). Walter de Gruyter. p. 1129–. ISBN 978-3-11-009525-8. Retrieved February 21, 2011.
- Muljačić, Žarko (2006). "Noterelle dalmatoromanze". Estudis romànics. 28: 219.
- Vuletić, Nikola (2013). "Le dalmate : panorama des idées sur un mythe de la linguistique romane". Histoire Epistémologie Langage. 35: 45.
- Brahms, William B. (2005). Notable Last Facts: A Compendium of Endings, Conclusions, Terminations and Final Events throughout History. Original from the University of Michigan: Reference Desk Press. ISBN 978-0-9765325-0-7.
- Kapović, Mate (2008). Uvod u indoeuropsku lingvistiku (PDF) (in Croatian). Zagreb: Matica hrvatska. ISBN 978-953-150-847-6. Retrieved September 28, 2020.
- Mišur, Ivo (2018). "Alan Žic-Teklin, Tako je govorio Burbur – izumrli dalmatski jezik i njegov krčki dijalekt veljotski" (PDF). Časopis za suvremenu povijest (in Croatian). Zagreb: Croatian Institute of History. 50 (1): 197–200. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
- Roegiest, Eugeen (2006). Vers les sources des langues romanes: un itinéraire linguistique à travers la Romania (in French). ACCO. ISBN 90-334-6094-7.
- Spicijarić, Nina (2009). "Pristup Giacoma Scottija, Žarka Muljačića i Petra Strčića, veljotski/vegliotto/veclisun romanskomu krčkomu govoru i njegovu "posljednjem govorniku"" [Approach of Giacomo Scotti, Žarko Muljačić and Petar Strčić to veclisun romance Krk speech and its "last speaker"] (PDF). Rijeka (in Croatian). XIV (2): 195–205. ISSN 1330-6995. Retrieved October 2, 2020.
- Strčić, Petar (1998). "Otok Krk u doba "posljednjega" dalmatofona Antona Udine Burbura (XIX. st.)" (PDF). Folia Onomastica Croatica (in Croatian). Zagreb: Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts (7): 237–266. Retrieved September 28, 2020.