Tunisian Communist Party

The Tunisian Communist Party (Arabic: الحزب الشيوعي التونسيal-Ḥizb ash-Shuyū‘ī at-Tūnisī ; French: Parti Communiste Tunisien) was a Marxist political party in Tunisia. The PCT was founded in 21 May 1934 as the Tunisian federation of the French Communist Party, and was later converted into an independent organization. The party was banned by the Vichy regime in 1939, but after the Anglo-American liberation of Tunisia in 1943 it was able to operate legally again. It was banned again in 1962 and legalized in 1981.[1] In 23 April 1993, the PCT abandoned communism and changed its name to the Ettajdid Movement.

Tunisian Communist Party
الحزب الشيوعي التونسي
French nameParti communiste tunisien
Former Secretary-generalsAli Jrad (1939–1948) Mohamed Nafaâ (1948–1981)
Mohamed Harmel (1981–1993)
Founded21 May 1934 (1934-05-21)
Dissolved23 April 1993 (1993-04-23)
Succeeded byEttajdid Movement
IdeologyMarxism[1]
International affiliationComintern (1934-1943)

Electoral historyEdit

Chamber of Deputies electionsEdit

Election Party leader Votes % Seats +/– Position Government
1956 Mohamed Nafaâ 7,352 1.2%
0 / 98
    2nd Extra-parliamentary
1959 3,471 0.3%
0 / 90
    2nd Extra-parliamentary
1981 Mohamed Harmel 14,677 0.12%
0 / 136
    4th Extra-parliamentary

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Gilberg, Trond (1989). Coalition Strategies of Marxist Parties. Duke University Press. pp. 239–263. ISBN 0822308495. Retrieved 1 February 2018.