Tumbarumba (/tʌmbəˈrʌmbə/[2] tum-bə-RUM-bə) is a small town in New South Wales, Australia, about 480 kilometres (300 mi) southwest of the state capital, Sydney. Tumbarumba is located on the periphery of the Riverina and South West Slopes regions at the western edge of the Snowy Mountains. The 2016 census showed the population of the town and surrounding area to be 1,862 people.[1] Locals refer to the town as 'Tumba'.

Tumbarumba
New South Wales
TumbarumbaNSW200504.JPG
The Parade, Main street of Tumbarumba
Tumbarumba is located in New South Wales
Tumbarumba
Tumbarumba
Coordinates35°47′0″S 148°01′0″E / 35.78333°S 148.01667°E / -35.78333; 148.01667Coordinates: 35°47′0″S 148°01′0″E / 35.78333°S 148.01667°E / -35.78333; 148.01667
Population1,862 (2016 census)[1]
Established1850s
Postcode(s)2653
Elevation645 m (2,116 ft)
Location
LGA(s)Snowy Valleys Council
CountySelwyn
State electorate(s)Albury
Federal Division(s)Eden-Monaro

To the south and east, the highest peak of the Snowy Mountains and mainland Australia—Mount Kosciuszko—can be seen.

HistoryEdit

The community was established in the late 1850s after gold was discovered in the district. The Post Office opened on 1 August 1860 but was spelt Tumberumba until 1915.[3]

A railway branch line was opened to Tumbarumba in 1921. The Tumbarumba railway line ran from Wagga Wagga through Tarcutta. The service has been suspended since 1987.

Gold mining petered out in the 1930s, and the region's economy now depends on agriculture and tourism. The timber industry dominates the Shire’s economy.

The name Tumbarumba may be derived from the sound of thunder.[4] or alternatively from the Aboriginal words for "hollow sounding ground", "thunder", "sound" or "place of big trees".[5]

IndustryEdit

The major industry in the town is softwood timber processing, with the Hyne and Sons Timber Mill to the west of the town being the biggest employer.[6] Other industries include tourism, viticulture (Tumbarumba is in the Tumbarumba wine region), and blueberry growing. Tourism is a source of income due to its proximity to the snow fields.[7]

TourismEdit

Tumbarumba provides a convenient base for visiting the Western Snowy Mountains area.

The town lies on the Snowy Valleys Way which Destination NSW[8] advertises as a more leisurely and picturesque driving route to take between Sydney and Melbourne. The Snowy Valleys way links Gundagai and Beechworth passing through Tumut, Tumbarumba and Corryong.

Tumbarumba is also close to the 440 km Hume and Hovell Track.[9] Access to the track is at the Henry Angel Trackhead, 9 km from Tumbarumba toward Khancoban. A half day walk from the Henry Angel Trackhead to 'Big Hill' provides views of the western face of the Snowy Mountains Main Range. This walk passes old gold workings at the Burra Falls.

Tumbarumba is also the centre of the Tumbarumba wine region, a developing cool climate wine growing region with the first plantings in 1982. Several local wineries have 'cellar doors' with wines for sale.

The Museum and Visitor Information Centre on Bridge Street is open 363 days of the year, and the Tumbarumba Library and Archive on Prince Street is open Monday to Saturday, but check for opening hours.

EducationEdit

There are three schools in Tumbarumba. Tumbarumba Public School and All Saints Primary School (Catholic) providing primary education. Tumbarumba High School provides secondary education to the district.

EventsEdit

The Tumbarumba Rodeo is held annually at the Tumbarumba Showground on New Years Day (1 January). In addition, Tumbafest, an annual weekend long music, wine and market festival, is held on the last weekend in February. Past festivals have attracted acts like Leo Sayer (in 2015). Tumbarumba Tastebuds is a festival celebrating local food, wine and art. It is held in the Spring.

ClimateEdit

Tumbarumba has a temperate maritime climate (Cfb). Frosts are frequent and snowfall is fairly common in the winter through to spring; the lowest recorded maximum temperature (with 9:00 AM reset standards) was 1.1 °C (34.0 °F) on 15 July 1966 and the coldest recorded minimum temperature was −10.4 °C (13.3 °F) on 22 June 1989.

Climate data for Tumbarumba Post Office, NSW (>1965 [temperature]; >1885 [precipitation]); 645 m AMSL
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 42.0
(107.6)
40.5
(104.9)
35.6
(96.1)
32.5
(90.5)
24.0
(75.2)
19.1
(66.4)
20.0
(68.0)
22.0
(71.6)
27.8
(82.0)
31.5
(88.7)
36.6
(97.9)
39.0
(102.2)
42.0
(107.6)
Average high °C (°F) 29.0
(84.2)
28.5
(83.3)
25.1
(77.2)
20.1
(68.2)
15.2
(59.4)
11.8
(53.2)
10.7
(51.3)
12.2
(54.0)
15.4
(59.7)
19.6
(67.3)
22.8
(73.0)
26.1
(79.0)
19.7
(67.5)
Average low °C (°F) 12.3
(54.1)
12.0
(53.6)
8.9
(48.0)
5.1
(41.2)
2.4
(36.3)
0.2
(32.4)
−0.1
(31.8)
0.9
(33.6)
3.0
(37.4)
5.3
(41.5)
7.7
(45.9)
9.8
(49.6)
5.6
(42.1)
Record low °C (°F) 1.6
(34.9)
1.9
(35.4)
−1.3
(29.7)
−4.1
(24.6)
−6.7
(19.9)
−10.4
(13.3)
−9.4
(15.1)
−8.1
(17.4)
−5.0
(23.0)
−5.5
(22.1)
−3.9
(25.0)
0.1
(32.2)
−10.4
(13.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 62.0
(2.44)
54.9
(2.16)
66.8
(2.63)
65.7
(2.59)
82.0
(3.23)
102.0
(4.02)
105.1
(4.14)
107.2
(4.22)
91.0
(3.58)
96.5
(3.80)
74.9
(2.95)
70.8
(2.79)
978.7
(38.53)
Average precipitation days 6.0 5.6 6.3 7.2 9.4 12.1 13.1 13.2 11.4 10.3 8.2 7.3 110.1
Average relative humidity (%) 63 70 74 77 87 90 90 83 75 66 67 61 75
Source: Australian Bureau of Meteorology[10]

SportEdit

Tumbarumba Greens fields rugby league teams in the Murray Cup competition and the Tumbarumba Kangaroos compete in the Victorian-based Upper Murray Football League.

Cultural referencesEdit

  • In November 1963, New Zealander Johnny Devlin (with Bee Gees on backing vocals) released the single "Stomp The Tumbarumba",[11] a song covered later by, among others, the Australian rock band Hoodoo Gurus (see "Come Anytime" and "1000 Miles Away"). Tumbarumba in the song's title may or may not have something to do with the name of the town.
  • Tumbarumba is one of the very few Australian placenames mentioned in James Joyce's prose-poem Finnegans Wake. 'Tumbarumba mountain' is listed as one of the places of origin of HCE (Humphrey Chimpden Earwicker), one of the central characters of the Wake (FW 596.11).
  • Shirley Abicair, the UK based Australian singer, made the town of Tumbarumba's name familiar to many British children with the publication of her book "Tales of Tumbarumba" in 1962.
  • Tumbarumba is another word for a tmesis, a linguistic term which refers to the placing of a word within another word, such as "ri-goddamn-diculous". The origin of this meaning may come from the poem "Tumba-bloody-rumba" by John O'Grady, which includes several tmeses including "Tumba-bloody-rumba", "e-bloody-nough", and "kanga-bloody-roos".

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Tumbarumba (state suburbs)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 June 2017.  
  2. ^ Butler, Susan, ed. (2009). Macquarie Dictionary (5th ed.). Sydney: Macquarie Dictionary Publishers Pty Ltd. 1952 pages. ISBN 978-1-876-42966-9. Archived from the original on 12 January 2014. Retrieved 7 June 2019.
  3. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Archived from the original on 19 August 2008. Retrieved 11 April 2008.
  4. ^ McNicol, Sally; Hosking, Dianne (1994). "Wiradjuri". Macquarie Aboriginal Words. Sydney: Macquarie Library. p. 98.
  5. ^ "Tumbarumba". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 4 August 2013.  
  6. ^ Jeppe Nielsen (June 2008). "Tumbarumba Integrated Water Cycle Management Strategy" (PDF). p. 19. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 May 2009. Retrieved 21 January 2010.
  7. ^ "Tumbarumba" (PDF). Country Change Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 September 2009. Retrieved 21 January 2010.
  8. ^ "Snowy Valleys Way". Destination NSW. Archived from the original on 29 October 2014. Retrieved 26 May 2016.
  9. ^ "Snowy Valleys Way". NSW Department of Trade and Investment. Archived from the original on 21 June 2014. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
  10. ^ "Climate statistics for Australian locations". Australian Bureau of Meteorology. Archived from the original on 5 April 2011. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
  11. ^ "Bee Gees Recordings". Archived from the original on 20 April 2008. Retrieved 19 January 2008.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Tumbarumba at Wikimedia Commons