The Tumanishvili or Tumanyan (Armenian: Թումանյան; Georgian: თუმანიშვილი; Russian: Туманишви́ли), later Russianized as Toumanov or Toumanoff (Russian: Тума́нов) is an Armeno-Georgian noble (tavadi) family.
The family claimed roots in the ancient Armenian noble dynasty of the Mamikonians (Mamikonids), One branch of the family, the Toumaniani, belonged to the Armenian Church; the other branch, the Toumanishvili, was Greek Orthodox.
The house of T’umanids, moved to Georgia from Armenia Maritima (Cilicia) after the twelfth century and adopted the last name Toumanishvili. They were acknowledged by the Kings of Georgia as tavadi (princes), and received hereditary rank as the King's "mdivanbeg" (counselor or vizier).
The Tumanishvili family was on the list of Georgian high nobility that was attached to the Treaty of Georgievsk concluded with the Georgian King Erekle II on July 24, 1783 and was recognized on the Russian Empire's list of princely families in December 1850.
The Prince Mikhail Tumanov was the Ambassador (Minister plenipotentiary) of Armenia to Georgia during the first republic of Armenia.
People with these namesEdit
- Cyril Toumanoff, Russian-born Georgian historian
- Tamara Toumanova, Georgian-American ballerina
- Joseph Tumanishvili, stage director of the Stanislavski and Nemirovich-Danchenko Theatre in Moscow after 1943
- Mikheil Tumanishvili (1921–1996), Georgian theatre director
- Hovhannes Tumanyan, Armenian poet
- ^ Journal of the Society for Armenian Studies, Volumes 7-8. 1994. Page 5
- ^ a b c Pioneers of Byzantine studies in America. John W. Barker, 2002, P. 231- 
- ^ Studies in medieval Georgian historiography: 2003, Volume 113 - Page 16, Stephen H. Rapp (Jr), cit. "...old Armeno-Georgian noble house (Tumaniani, Tumanishvili)"
- ^ a b Journal of the Society for Armenian Studies, Volumes 7-8. Society for Armenian Studies. The Society, 1994. Page 5 "Cyril Leo Heraclius Toumanoff was born in St. Petersburg, Russia, the descendant of an old Armeno-Georgian family long settled in Georgia. Though the Toumanoffs (Georgian: Toumaniani for the branch of the House that remained with the Armenian Church; Toumanishvili for the Greek Orthodox line), he was descended from a Mamikonian noble, Prince Tuman, who, ca. 1250, migrated from the Cilician Armenian Kingdom to Georgia and there acquired the lordship of Kheltubani, an estate just north of the town of Gori. By the fourteenth century, the family had acquired the hereditary protonotoryship of the kingdom of Georgia, a position held collectively by all male members of the house until the end of the Georgian monarchy"
- ^ Journal of the Society for Armenian Studies, Volumes 7-8. 1994. Page 5.
- ^ Cyril Toumanoff, (en) Studies in Christian Caucasian History (Georgetown University Press, 1963), pp. 209; 212, n. 238.
- ^ Любимов С.В. Титулованные роды Российской империи: Опыт подробного перечисления всех титулованных российских дворянских фамилий, с указанием происхождения каждой фамилии, а также времени получения титула и утверждения в нем / Гос. публ. ист. б-ка России. – М.: ФАИР-ПРЕСС, 2004. с. 368
- ^ The Republic of Armenia: The first year, 1918-1919, Richard G. Hovannisian, p. 346