Tulsi Manas Mandir (Hindi: तुलसी मानस मंदिर) is one of the most famous temples in the holy city of Varanasi. This temple has great historical and cultural importance in Hinduism since the ancient Hindu epic Ramcharitmanas was originally written at this place by Hindu poet-saint, reformer and philosopher Goswami Tulsidas in the 16th century (c. 1532–1623).[1][2]

Tulsi Manas Mandir
तुलसी मानस मंदिर
LocationDurga Kund, Bhelupur, Varanasi
StateUttar Pradesh
Country India
Tulsi Manas Mandir is located in Varanasi district
Tulsi Manas Mandir
Temple location on Varanasi district map
Geographic coordinates25°17′14″N 83°00′02″E / 25.287206°N 83.000417°E / 25.287206; 83.000417
CreatorSureka family of Howrah, West Bengal, India
Elevation85 m (279 ft)

History edit

One of the famous Hindu epics, Ramayan was originally written in Sanskrit language by Sanskrit poet Valmiki between 500 and 100 BC. Being in Sanskrit language, this epic was not accessible to and understood by masses. In the 16th century, Goswami Tulsidas wrote the Ramayan in Awadhi dialect of Hindi language and the Awadhi version was called Ramcharitmanas (meaning Lake of the deeds of Rama).[3][4][5]

In 1964, the Sureka family constructed a temple at the same place where Goswami Tulsidas wrote Ramcharitmanas.[1]

Construction edit

Construction finished in 1964 and was funded by the Thakur Das Sureka family of Bandhaghat, Howrah, West Bengal. The temple was constructed in white marble and landscaping all around the temple. Verses and scenes (pictorials) from Ramcharitmanas are engraved on the marble walls all over the temple.[1][5]

Location edit

Tulsi Manas Mandir is situated on the Sankat Mochan road, 250 meters south of Durga Kund, 700 meters north-east of Sankat Mochan Mandir and 1.3 kilometers north of Banaras Hindu University.[6]

Historical importance edit

Due to Ramcharitmanas, the epic Ramayan was read by larger number of people, who otherwise could not have read Ramayan since it was in Sanskrit. Reportedly, prior to Ramcharitmanas, the depiction of Lord Rama as Supreme God was quite subtle in Valmiki's Ramayana (as most of the Hindu religious scriptures are highly subtle in their meaning giving scope for more personal interpretation) but in Tulsidas's Ramcharitmanas this depiction was more obvious than Valmiki's Ramayana .[7] The temple was inaugurated by HH Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishanan. The temple houses a museum with rare collection of manuscripts and artifacts.[8]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b c "Tulsi Manas Mandir". Varanasi.org. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
  2. ^ K.B. Jindal (1955), A history of Hindi literature, Kitab Mahal, ... The book is popularly known as the Ramayana, but the poet himself called it the Ramcharitmanas i.e. the 'Lake of the Deeds of Rama'
  3. ^ "History". bharatonline.com. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
  4. ^ Vālmīki, Robert P. Goldman (1990). The Rāmāyaṇa of Vālmīki: An Epic of Ancient India. Vol. 1. Princeton University Press. pp. 14–15. ISBN 0-691-01485-X.
  5. ^ a b "Tulsi Manas Temple". Varanasi City website. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
  6. ^ "Location". Google Maps. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
  7. ^ "Importance". Indian Mirror. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
  8. ^ Karkar, S.C. (2009). The Top Ten Temple Towns of India. Kolkota: Mark Age Publication. p. 10. ISBN 978-81-87952-12-1.

External links edit