Tskaltubo is located in the central part of west Georgia, in the lowland, at the foot of the Southern Caucasus, 98 meters above the sea-level, in the valley of the river Tskaltubo. It is in 9 km distance from Kutaisi and 240km from Tbilisi.The climate in Tskaltubo is warm and moderately mild. Average annual temperature +150C; average annual precipitation 76%. Winters here are warm and mild. The “Waters of Immortality” in Tskaltubo were probably known already in the 7th-9th centuries, when the oldest historical records are dated. Since the 18th century several foreign researchers gave word of the healing properties of these springs:Berlin Society of Friends of Natural Science (1782); J.Klaproth (1815); A. Jolenberg (1897). By 1920, after chemical analysis had revealed the uniqueness of the water, Tskaltubo was officially declared a medical spa resort and achieve the status of city in 1953.
In 1920 the territory of Tskaltubo became state property and it acquired the function of balneology resort. The building of the resort started in 1926. In 1931, a decree by the government of Georgian Soviet Republic designed Tskaltubo as a spa resort and balneology center.
In 1950-1951, architects I.Zaalishvili and V.Kedia prepared a project plan for the town where sanatoriums form a circle around a park, recreation and balneology facilities. Tskaltubo was divided into the following zones: balneological, sanitarian and living.
In 1953, Tskaltubo became the important spa-resort during the Soviet times. At different times, there were built 19 sanatoriums and pensions, nine baths, resort park, Branch of Scientific Institute of balneology and physiotherapy. As one of Georgia's flagship historic spa towns, the town is still popular for the qualities of its waters. Tskaltubo mineral waters are famous for their stable physical and chemical composition and they are categorized as slight radon chloride –magnesium waters. The high-performance spa preventive effect of mineral waters is conditioned by their complex content and particular fusion of salt components. In Tskaltubo the bath taking has a peculiar technique, the treatment take place under the constant running water ( mineral water constantly flows in and out of the spa) and the water permanently preserves physical-chemical and mineral compositions. The water consists of six components and it penetrates into the human body via pores. Constituent ingredients in number are far below the permissible minimum, temperature of water is 33-35 C, it is very soft, pure and odorless.
Tskaltubo Mineral water cures the following disease: limbs, peripheral nervous system, cardiac and vascular, skin, disbalance, endocrinology system, gynecological , rheumatism, poliomyelitis, cerebral palsy. Waters are recommended for adults and children (over 3) as well.
The Tskaltubo Balneological Zone is located in the lowland part of the town, in this part is a beautiful park (78ha) and a bathroom complex. Just here is the deposit of Tskaltubo springs where from the bathes are supplied with water. The park is the island located in the heart of the town. The park with its planning, plant, engineering art works (bridges, irrigation systems) is the unique cultural monument that provides an inimitable appearance of the town. The perennial and rare species, evergreen decorative plants, flowers grown in the park and subtropical climate create a pleasant climate in the town. Another significant factor in Tskaltubo is its architecture which is basically a synthesis of Stalinist period classical style and of Georgian ethnic decor with Gothic and Roman features.
The unique radon-carbonated waters are Tskaltubo's major mineral resource.
They emerge at a comfortable temperature for bathing (35C), allowing them to be directly transferred from springs to the baths without cooling or heating.
These exclusive water are used to relieve a number of conditions including skin, metabolic, and circulatory diseases. It effectiveness make them useful to treat up to 60 conditions! The Spring №6, is the largest thermal bath working today. It was built in 1950 exclusively for Joseph Vissarionovich Jughashvili (Stalin), the soviet union leader of the period. Private baths and dachas of Stalin and Lavrenti Beria are still kept in the city. The mineral water flows directly into Buildings #1 and #6. These medical and rehabilitation centers are equipped with modern, European production and medical equipment. There are five pools of mineral water, 37 individual cabins for bathing mineral water, 17 hydro-massage cabinets, horizontal stretch cabinet of the spine, etc.. They offer treatment for osteochondrosis, ankylosing spondylitis, stature disorder, rheumatoid polyarthritis, spondyloarthritis, urologic and andrologic diseases, gynecological and skin diseases, etc.
In 2015 the new medical thermal center Tskaltubo-BE Healthy was established, equipped with the latest technologies and modern infrastructures. The center is notable for its wide offer of services available in its calm and comfortable environment. It offers treatments with healing waters and various health procedures. For example: Skin –restorative procedures, Body Fitness, Spa and Wellness body massage, Wellness hydrotherapy procedures , Application of mineral mud ( Peleoidoterapy ) , Diode laser , Gym and many other health-improving practices.
Tskaltubo is rich with karst caves. Such as “Satsurblia" "Prometheus", "Sataplia" which provides visitors with breathtaking examples of stalactites, stalagmites, curtains, petrified waterfalls, cave pearls, underground rivers, and lakes. The temperature in the cave is always 13-15C
Satsurblia cave is the first and only Speleotherapic - object in the Caucasus Region. The cave has unique climatic environment that gives it the ability be transformed to a recreational tourism destination for individuals with respiratory diseases ( e.g. Bronchial asthma, etc.) As for Speleotherapy, or underground climate-therapy it is a set of recreational therapy methods based on the use of underground microclimate to improve health.
Prometheus cave is one of the most beautiful and longest caves in Georgia. Visitors can see amazing halls of Argonauts, Colchis, Medea, Love, and Prometheus and of Iberia, the excursion can be finished by foot or by a 15 minute boat ride an underground river .
Sataplia reserve is famous its footprints of herbivore and carnivore dinosaurs. The reserve also has a karst caves. There is a transparent platform that gives an outstanding view of Imereti’s landscape beauty.
Legends Tskaltubo Spa Resort Hotel Tskaltubo Plaza
Hotel Oasis Villa
Famous visitors of Tskaltubo
1. Gamal abled Nasser Hussein
2. Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin
3. Janka Kupala
4. Ilia ll
5. Garry Kimonich Kasparov
6. Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin
7. Anatoly Yevgenyevich Karpov
8. Vasiliy Bubka
9. National rugby team of Zeland
10. Jose Kareras