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Trzebiatów [tʂɛˈbjatuf] (German: Treptow an der Rega, German pronunciation: [ˈtʁeːptoː]) is a town in the West Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland, with 10,119 inhabitants (2016). Trzebiatów is located on the Rega River in the north-western part of Poland, roughly 9 kilometers south of the Baltic coast. Historically, the town was in the Duchy of Pomerania.[1]

Trzebiatów
Town Hall
Town Hall
Coat of arms of Trzebiatów
Coat of arms
Trzebiatów is located in Poland
Trzebiatów
Trzebiatów
Coordinates: 54°3′26″N 15°16′43″E / 54.05722°N 15.27861°E / 54.05722; 15.27861
Country Poland
VoivodeshipWest Pomeranian
CountyGryfice
GminaTrzebiatów
Established9th century
City rights1277
Government
 • MayorZdzisław Matusewicz
Area
 • Total10.14 km2 (3.92 sq mi)
Population (2016)
 • Total10,119
 • Density1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code72-320
Car platesZGY
Websitehttp://www.trzebiatow.pl

Trzebiatów obtained town rights in 1277 under Pomeranian rulers and was initially settled by the Swedes. In 1416 the town became part of the Hanseatic League,[1] then served as an important trade post and developed architecturally, with a typical Brick Gothic-style influence. It had trading connections with larger Hanseatic cities such as Gdańsk (Danzig), Lübeck and Hamburg. During World War II the town escaped destruction and its preserved Old Town was registered as a protected historical monument of Poland.[1]

Contents

HistoryEdit

The lower Rega area around Gryfice and Trzebiatów was the site of a Slavic gród in the 9th Century. The first recorded mention of the town comes from 1170 when the Pomeranian duke Casimir I granted a few villages and oversight of a church in the town to settlers from Lund in Sweden.

 
Holy Spirit Chapel was the venue for the Pomeranian Landtag in 1534.

In 1504, Johannes Bugenhagen moved to the town and became Rector of the local school.[2] On 13 December 1534 a diet was assembled in the town, where the Dukes Barnim XI and Philip I as well as the nobility officially introduced Lutheranism to Pomerania, against the vote of Erasmus von Manteuffel-Arnhausen, Prince-Bishop of Cammin. In the following month Bugenhagen drafted the new church order (Kirchenordnung), founding the Pomeranian Lutheran church (today's Pomeranian Evangelical Church).[3][4][5]

As a dowager, Sophia of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg (1579–1658), widow of Philip II, Duke of Pomerania, lived in Treptow. Sophia's dower was a former nunnery, which she converted into a palace. While in Swedish service and thereafter Duke Francis Henry of Saxe-Lauenburg spent a lot of time with Duchess dowager Sophia in Treptow. Sophia's and Francis Henry's fathers were cousins. On 13 December 1637 Francis Henry and Marie Juliane of Nassau-Siegen (1612–1665) married in Treptow.[6] Their first child was born in Treptow in 1640.[7] Francis Henry also served Sophia as administrator of the estates pertaining to her dower.[7]

In 1637 Philip II died leaving the Pomeranian ducal house extinct. At this point the duchy came under Swedish occupation with the Brandenburgian electors claiming succession in Pomerania. It was not until 1648 that the electors prevailed in succeeding as dukes of Pomerania, however only in the central and eastern part of ducal Pomerania (1653–1815), including Treptow.

 
The palace near Trzebiatów

In 1750 Treptow Palace was refurbished in classicist style for General Frederick Eugene of Württemberg, who resided there – with interruptions – until 1763. With the end of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, Brandenburg-Pomerania, already since 1618 ruled in personal union with Ducal Prussia (Kingdom since 1701), also legally merged into Prussia and the different German confederacies and empires of which it formed part since. In 1945 central and eastern Pomerania, including Treptow, became part of Poland. The totality of the towns' German population was expelled.

Since 1 January 1999, the town has been within West Pomerania Province, upon its formation from the former Szczecin and Koszalin Provinces.

CultureEdit

 
Kaszana Tower and remains of a medieval wall
 
Trzebiatów Train Station

Trzebiatów's Day of the Buckwheat is a celebration during the first week of August. It is held in memory of the day when the town guard mistakenly dropped a hot bowl of buckwheat meal on invaders from the nearby town of Gryfice, alarming the whole town and ultimately saving it. Inhabitants of Trzebiatów celebrate that event with dances, concerts, competitions and by eating cereal with ham and bacon.

Notable PeopleEdit

Nobility

Twinning citiesEdit

The sister cities of Trzebiatów are:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Trzebiatów". ujscieregi.pl. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  2. ^ Hamburgische Biografie: Personenlexikon: 5 vols. (so far), Franklin Kopitzsch and Dirk Brietzke (eds.), Hamburg: Christians, 2001–2003 (vols 1–2), Göttingen: Wallstein, 2006– (to be continued), vol. 2 (2003), p. 79. ISBN 3-7672-1366-4.
  3. ^ Pommern (11999), revised, and updated ed., Werner Buchholz (ed.), Berlin: Siedler, 22002, (=Deutsche Geschichte im Osten Europas), pp. 205-220. ISBN 3-88680-780-0.
  4. ^ Theologische Realenzyklopädie: 36 vols., Gerhard Müller, Horst Balz and Gerhard Krause (eds.), Berlin et al.: de Gruyter, 1977–2007, vol. 27 (1997): 'Politik, Politologie - Publizistik, Presse', pp. 43ff. ISBN 3-11-015435-8.
  5. ^ Richard Du Moulin Eckart, Geschichte der deutschen Universitäten (11929), reprint: Hildesheim and New York: Olms, 21976, pp. 111f. ISBN 3-487-06078-7.
  6. ^ N.N., "VII. Sophie von Schleswig-Holstein, Witwe Herzog Philipps II. von Pommern, auf dem Schlosse in Treptow an der Rega", in: Baltische Studien (1832 to date), vol. 1, Gesellschaft für Pommersche Geschichte und Alterthumskunde and Historische Kommission für Pommern (eds.), vol. 1: Stettin: Friedrich Heinrich Morin, 1832, pp. 247–259, here pp. 250 and 257.
  7. ^ a b N.N., "VII. Sophie von Schleswig-Holstein, Witwe Herzog Philipps II. von Pommern, auf dem Schlosse in Treptow an der Rega", in: Baltische Studien (1832 to date), vol. 1, Gesellschaft für Pommersche Geschichte und Alterthumskunde and Historische Kommission für Pommern (eds.), vol. 1: Stettin: Friedrich Heinrich Morin, 1832, pp. 247–259, here p. 257.
  8. ^ 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 15, Kalisch, Marcus retrieved 18 October 2018

Coordinates: 54°03′45″N 15°15′56″E / 54.06250°N 15.26556°E / 54.06250; 15.26556