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Truro (UK Parliament constituency)

Truro was the name of a parliamentary constituency in Cornwall represented in the House of Commons of England and later of Great Britain from 1295 until 1800, then in the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1918 and finally from 1950 to 1997. Until 1885 it was a parliamentary borough, electing two members of parliament (MPs) by the plurality-at-large system of election; the name was then transferred to the surrounding county constituency, which elected a single Member by the first past the post system. In 1997, although there had been no changes to its boundaries, it was renamed as Truro and St Austell, reflecting the fact that St Austell by then had a larger population than Truro.

Truro
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Truro in Cornwall for the 1992 general election
Outline map
Location of Cornwall within England
CountyCornwall
Major settlementsTruro, St Austell
19501997
Number of membersOne
Replaced byTruro & St Austell
Created fromPenryn and Falmouth and Camborne
18851918
Number of membersOne
Type of constituencyCounty constituency
Replaced byPenryn and Falmouth, St Ives and Camborne
Created fromHelston, Truro and West Cornwall
1295–1885
Number of membersTwo
Type of constituencyBorough constituency
Replaced byTruro

BoundariesEdit

1950–1974: The Borough of Truro, the Urban District of St Austell, the Rural District of Truro except the parish of Gwennap, and in the Rural District of St Austell the parishes of Creed, Grampound, Roche, St Dennis, St Ewe, St Goran, St Mewan, St Michael Caerhays, and St Stephen-in-Brannel.

1974–1983: The Boroughs of Truro, and St Austell with Fowey, the Rural District of Truro except the parish of Gwennap, and in the Rural District of St Austell the parishes of Creed, Grampound, Roche, St Dennis, St Ewe, St Goran, St Mewan, St Michael Caerhays, and St Stephen-in-Brannel.

1983–1997: The District of Carrick wards of Boscawen, Chacewater, Feock, Kea, Kenwyn, Moresk, Newlyn, Perranzabuloe, Probus, Roseland, St Agnes, St Clement, Tregolls, and Trehaverne, and the Borough of Restormel wards of Crinnis, Mevagissey, Poltair, Rock, St Ewe, St Mewan, St Stephen-in-Brannel, Trevarna, and Treverbyn.

HistoryEdit

The constituency has existed in a number of different forms. The constituency of Truro, up until 1885 elected two members to parliament; this was reduced to one. In 1918 the constituency was abolished but it was recreated again in 1950.

The seat became a safe Lib Dem bet thanks to the popularity and eloquence of its former MP, David Penhaligon. His death in a car crash, aged only 42, robbed the House of Commons of one of its most independent-minded and pragmatic members. His successor, Matthew Taylor, held the seat comfortably from a by-election in 1987, and remained its MP after the name change in 1997.

Members of ParliamentEdit

Truro Parliamentary boroughEdit

MPs 1295–1629Edit

  • Constituency created (1295)
Parliament First member Second member
1358 John Hamely[1]
1386 John Tregoose Robert Clerk[2]
1388 (Feb) Henry Gourlyn John Tremayne[2]
1388 (Sep) John Tr...uran John Trebernet[2]
1390 (Jan) John Coke Walter Bloyowe[2]
1390 (Nov)
1391 John Urban Roger Juyl[2]
1393 Ralph Trenewith I Walter Bloyowe[2]
1394
1395 Richard Respryn Andrew Borlase[2]
1397 (Jan) John Trereise John Megre[2]
1397 (Sep) Nicholas Trenewith John Lawhire[2]
1399 Richard Carhorta Pascoe Polruddan[2]
1401
1402 Ralph Kayl John Trereise[2]
1404 (Jan)
1404 (Oct)
1406 Ralph Cardrewe Thomas Brunsham[2]
1407
1410
1411 Thomas Paderda William Colyn[2]
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) John Chinals William Chamberlain[2]
1414 (Apr)
1414 (Nov) John Trereise William Trethake I[2]
1415
1416 (Mar) Peter Hayme William Moun[2]
1416 (Oct)
1417 John Megre Andrew Hirnans[2]
1419 John Trewint John Langedon[2]
1420 William Panter Robert Trenerth[2]
1421 (May) William Trethake II William Richard[2]
1421 (Dec) Robert Treage William Richard[2]
1422 John But
1425 John But
1510–1523 No names known
1529 Roger Corbet John Thomas
1536 ?Roger Corbet ?
1539 ?
1542 ?
1545 Francis Smith Robert Trencreke
1547 Robert Trencreke Nicholas Randall
First Parliament of 1553 Nicholas Randall Thomas Roydon
Second Parliament of 1553 John Methnes[3]
Parliament of 1554 William Iseham Thomas Duppa
Parliament of 1554–1555 John Melhuish Thomas Roydon
Parliament of 1555 Nicholas Randall Thomas Randall[4]
Parliament of 1558 Thomas Roydon
Parliament of 1563–1567 John Carminow John Mitchell[5]
Parliament of 1571 Henry Killigrew Vincent Skinner
Parliament of 1572–1581 Oliver Carminow
Parliament of 1584–1585 Edward Darcy Michael Hicks
Parliament of 1586–1587 John Stanhope Roland Lytton
Parliament of 1588–1589 Hannibal Vyvyan John Woolton
Parliament of 1593 John Parker Nicholas Smyth
Parliament of 1597–1598 Maurice Berkeley Reade Stafford
Parliament of 1601 William Daniel Thomas Harris
Parliament of 1604–1611 Henry Cossen Thomas Burgess
Addled Parliament (1614) Thomas Russell Thomas Burgess, junior
Parliament of 1621–1622 Barnaby Gough, sat for Cambridge Univ.
and replaced by Sir John Catcher[6]
John Trefusis[7]
Happy Parliament (1624) Richard Daniel Thomas Burgess
Useless Parliament (1625) William Rous Henry Rolle
Parliament of 1626 Francis Rous
Parliament of 1628 Richard Daniel
No Parliament summoned 1629–1640

MPs 1640–1885Edit

Election 1st member[8] 1st party 2nd member[8] 2nd party
April 1640 Francis Rous Parliamentarian John Rolle Parliamentarian
November 1640
November 1648 Rolle died – seat left vacant
1653 Truro was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament
1654 Francis Rous Truro had only one seat in the First and
Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
1656 Walter Vincent
January 1659 Charles Boscawen
May 1659 Not represented in the restored Rump
April 1660 Walter Vincent Edward Boscawen
1661 Nicholas Arundell
1666 John Arundell
1679 William Boscawen
1681 Henry Ashurst
1685 John Arundell Henry Vincent
1689 Sir Henry Ashurst, Bt
1690 John Cloberry
1695 Hugh Fortescue Whig
March 1701 Sir John Hawles Whig
December 1701 Sir William Scawen sat for Grampound
February 1702 Sir Robert Cotton Tory
July 1702 Thomas Powys
November 1702 Sir Philip Meadowes
May 1705 Hugh Boscawen Whig
November 1705 Peregrine Bertie Whig
May 1708 James Brydges[9]
December 1708 Robert Furnese Whig
1710 Hugh Boscawen Whig
1713 Thomas Hare William Collier
1715 John Selwyn Spencer Cowper Whig
1721 Thomas Wyndham
1727 Hugh Boscawen Sidney Meadows
1734 Kelland Courtenay Robert Trefusis
1741 Charles Hamilton James Hammond
1742 Admiral the Hon. Edward Boscawen Tory[10]
1747 Hon. John Boscawen[11] Tory[10]
1761 Lt General the Hon. George Boscawen Tory[10]
1767 Edward Hugh Boscawen Tory[10]
1774 George Boscawen Tory[10] Bamber Gascoyne Whig[10]
1780 Henry Rosewarne Whig[10]
1783 John Pollexfen Bastard Tory[10]
February 1784 Sir John St Aubyn, Bt Whig[10]
April 1784 William Macarmick Tory[10] William Augustus Spencer Boscawen Tory[10]
1787 John Hiley Addington Tory[10]
1790 James Gordon Tory[10]
1792 Charles Ingoldsby Paulet[12] Tory[10]
1796 Lt Colonel John Leveson-Gower Tory[10] John Lemon Whig[10]
1802 Captain Edward Leveson-Gower Tory[10]
1807 Edward Boscawen Tory[10]
1808 Charles Powlett Townshend Tory[10]
1810 William John Bankes Tory[10]
1812 Sir George Warrender, Bt Tory[10]
1814 George Dashwood Tory
1818 Lord FitzRoy Somerset Tory[10] William Edward Tomline Tory[10]
1820 Sir Hussey Vivian Whig[10] William Gossett Whig[10]
1826 Lord FitzRoy Somerset Tory[10] William Edward Tomline Tory[10]
1829 Viscount Encombe Tory[10] Nathaniel William Peach Tory[10]
1832 Sir Hussey Vivian Whig[10] William Tooke Whig[10]
1835 John Ennis Vivian Conservative[10]
1837 Edmund Turner Whig[13][14][10]
1849 Humphrey Willyams Whig[15][16]
1852 Sir Henry Vivian Whig[17][18]
1857 Augustus Smith Whig[17] Edward Brydges Willyams Whig
1859 Liberal Montague Edward Smith Conservative
February 1865 Sir Frederick Williams, Bt Conservative
July 1865 Hon. John Vivian Liberal
1871 Sir James McGarel-Hogg, Bt Conservative
1878 Arthur Tremayne Conservative
1880 Edward Brydges Willyams Liberal
1885 Borough constituency abolished – name transferred to single-member county constituency

Truro County constituencyEdit

MPs 1885–1918Edit

Election Member[8] Party
1885 William Bickford-Smith Liberal later Liberal Unionist
1892 John Charles Williams Liberal Unionist
1895 Sir Edwin Durning-Lawrence Liberal Unionist
1906 George Hay Morgan Liberal
1918 constituency abolished

MPs 1950–1997Edit

Election Member[8] Party
1950 Geoffrey Wilson Conservative
1970 Piers Dixon Conservative
Oct 1974 David Penhaligon Liberal
1987 by-election Matthew Taylor Liberal
1988 Liberal Democrats
1997 name changed to Truro & St. Austell

ElectionsEdit

 
St Austell area election results


Elections in the 1840sEdit

General election 1841: Truro[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig 'Edmund Turner' Unopposed
Conservative 'John Ennis Vivian' Unopposed
Registered electors 622
Whig hold
Conservative hold
General election 1847: Truro[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig 'Edmund Turner' Unopposed
Conservative 'John Ennis Vivian' Unopposed
Registered electors 627
Whig hold
Conservative hold

Turner's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 11 January 1849: Truro[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Humphrey Willyams 240 51.7 N/A
Conservative Montague Edward Smith 224 48.3 N/A
Majority 16 3.4 N/A
Turnout 464 79.2 N/A
Registered electors 586
Whig hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1850sEdit

General election 1852: Truro[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Henry Vivian 267 26.3 N/A
Conservative John Ennis Vivian 263 25.9 N/A
Whig Augustus Smith 255 25.1 N/A
Conservative Montague Edward Smith 229 22.6 N/A
Turnout 507 (est) 83.5 (est) N/A
Registered electors 607
Majority 4 0.4 N/A
Whig hold Swing N/A
Majority 8 0.8 N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A
General election 1857: Truro[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig 'Augustus Smith ' Unopposed
Whig 'Edward Brydges Willyams' Unopposed
Registered electors 646
Whig hold
Whig gain from Conservative
General election 1859: Truro[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Montague Edward Smith 303 40.9 N/A
Liberal Augustus Smith 225 30.4 N/A
Liberal John Vivian 213 28.7 N/A
Majority 78 10.5 N/A
Turnout 522 (est) 80.7 (est) N/A
Registered electors 647
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1860sEdit

Montague Edward Smith resigned after being appointed a Judge of the Court of Common Pleas, causing a by-election.

By-election, 14 February 1865: Truro[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Frederick Williams 249 53.1 +12.2
Liberal John Vivian 220 46.9 −12.2
Majority 29 6.2 −4.3
Turnout 469 82.7 +2.0
Registered electors 567
Conservative hold Swing +12.2
General election 1865: Truro[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative 'Frederick Williams' Unopposed
Liberal 'John Vivian' Unopposed
Registered electors 567
Conservative hold
Liberal hold
General election 1868: Truro[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Frederick Williams 731 40.2 N/A
Liberal John Vivian 683 37.5 N/A
Liberal John Passmore Edwards 406 22.3 N/A
Majority 48 2.6 N/A
Turnout 1,276 (est) 88.9 (est) N/A
Registered electors 1,435
Conservative hold Swing N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Vivian was appointed a Lord Commissioner of the Treasury, causing a by-election.

By-election, 21 December 1868: Truro[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal 'John Vivian' Unopposed
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1870sEdit

Vivian resigned after being appointed Under-Secretary of State for War.

By-election, 13 Sep 1871: Truro (1 seat)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Hogg 605 58.1
Liberal Edward Jenkins 436 41.9
Majority 169 16.2
Turnout 1,041 72.2
Registered electors 1,442
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
General election 1874: Truro (2 seats)[19][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Frederick Williams 798 31.4
Conservative James Hogg 723 28.5
Liberal Henry Riversdale Grenfell 565 22.2
Liberal Joseph Graham 455 17.9
Majority 158 6.2
Turnout 1,271 (est) 80.3 (est)
Registered electors 1,582
Conservative hold Swing
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing

Williams' death caused a by-election.

By-election, 26 Sep 1878: Truro (1 seat)[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Arthur Tremayne 656 51.8 −8.1
Liberal Edward Brydges Willyams 611 48.2 +8.1
Majority 45 3.6 −2.6
Turnout 1,267 80.3 +0.0
Registered electors 1,578
Conservative hold Swing −8.1

Elections in the 1880sEdit

General election 1880: Truro (2 seats) [21][19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James McGarel-Hogg 781 45.5 +17.0
Liberal Brydges Willyams 754 43.9 −3.8
Conservative John Chester 181 10.5 −20.9
Turnout 1,158 (est) 75.1 (est) −5.2
Registered electors 1,542
Majority 27 1.6 −4.6
Conservative hold Swing +9.5
Majority 573 33.4 N/A
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +9.5
General election 1885: Truro [22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Bickford-Smith 3,816 57.0 +13.1
Conservative William Molesworth-St Aubyn 2,883 43.0 −13.0
Majority 933 14.0 −19.4
Turnout 6,699 75.9 +0.8 (est)
Registered electors 8,825
Liberal hold Swing +13.1
 
Thomas Lough
General election 1886: Truro [22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist William Bickford-Smith 3,522 69.5 +26.5
Liberal Thomas Lough 1,546 30.5 -26.5
Majority 1,976 39.0 N/A
Turnout 5,068 57.4 -18.5
Registered electors 8,825
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +26.5

Elections in the 1890sEdit

General election 1892: Truro [22][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist John Williams 4,029 61.5 -8.0
Liberal John Henry Lile 2,518 38.5 +8.0
Majority 1,511 23.0 -16.0
Turnout 6,547 76.5 +19.1
Registered electors 8,556
Liberal Unionist hold Swing -8.0
General election 1895: Truro [22][24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Edwin Lawrence 3,282 52.1 -9.4
Liberal Henry Turner Waddy 3,012 47.9 +9.4
Majority 270 4.2 -18.8
Turnout 6,294 69.5 -7.0
Registered electors 9,057
Liberal Unionist hold Swing -9.4

Elections in the 1900sEdit

General election 1900: Truro [22][24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Edwin Durning-Lawrence 3,869 55.9 +3.8
Liberal Charles W. Thornton 3,051 44.1 -3.8
Majority 818 11.8 +7.6
Turnout 6,920 74.5 +5.0
Registered electors 9,290
Liberal Unionist hold Swing +3.8
 
Hay Morgan
General election 1906: Truro [22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Hay Morgan 4,187 53.2 +9.1
Liberal Unionist Edwin Durning-Lawrence 3,683 46.8 -9.1
Majority 504 6.4 N/A
Turnout 7,870 83.7 +9.2
Registered electors 9,403
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing +9.1

Elections in the 1910sEdit

General election January 1910: Truro [22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Hay Morgan 4,874 53.4 +0.2
Liberal Unionist Edwin Durning-Lawrence 4,261 46.6 -0.2
Majority 613 6.8 +0.4
Turnout 89.9 +6.2
Liberal hold Swing +0.2
General election December 1910: Truro [22][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Hay Morgan 4,573 52.3 -1.1
Conservative Charles Williams 4,176 47.7 +1.1
Majority 397 4.6 -2.2
Turnout 86.1 -3.8
Liberal hold Swing -1.1

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

  • Liberal: Walter Burt[26]
  • Unionist:

Elections in the 1950sEdit

General election 1950: Truro [27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Geoffrey Wilson 18,910 41.8 n/a
Labour Henry Brinton 15,617 34.5 n/a
Liberal Gerald Edward Leaman Whitmarsh 10,746 23.7 n/a
Majority 3,293 7.3 n/a
Turnout 83.3 n/a
Conservative win
General election 1951: Truro [27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Geoffrey Wilson 24,883 55.7 +13.9
Labour John N. Newby 19,752 44.2
Majority 5,131 11.4
Turnout 81.2
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1955: Truro [27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Geoffrey Wilson 19,900 46.1
Labour John N. Newby 15,183 35.2
Liberal Nancy Seear 8,056 18.7 n/a
Majority 4,717 10.9
Turnout 43,139 78.7
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1959: Truro [28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Geoffrey Wilson 19,544 44.2 -1.9
Labour Ronald James R. Blindell 15,057 34.0 -1.2
Liberal Nancy Seear 9,637 21.8 +3.1
Majority 4,487 10.2 -0.8
Turnout 44,238 80.2
Conservative hold Swing -0.4

Elections in the 1960sEdit

General election 1964: Truro [28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Geoffrey Wilson 18,328 40.6 -3.6
Labour Douglas W. J. Grazier 14,224 31.5 -2.5
Liberal William Rowse Hosking 12,575 27.9 +8.1
Majority 4,104 9.1 -1.0
Turnout 45,127 79.2
Conservative hold Swing -0.5
General election 1966: Truro [27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Geoffrey Wilson 18,701 40.4 -0.2
Labour Reginald Cyril J. Scott 17,093 37.0 +5.5
Liberal William Rowse Hosking 10,450 22.6 -5.3
Majority 1,608 3.5 -5.6
Turnout 46,244 79.2 0.0
Conservative hold Swing -2.8

Elections in the 1970sEdit

General election 1970: Truro [27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Piers Dixon 24,894 49.3 +8.9
Labour Raymond Charles Cuss 16,684 33.0 −4.0
Liberal Michael Steed 8,923 17.7 −4.9
Majority 8,210 16.3 +12.8
Turnout 50,501 76.0 −3.2
Conservative hold Swing +6.4
General election February 1974: Truro [29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Piers Dixon 23,493 40.3
Liberal David Penhaligon 20,932 35.9
Labour M. W. White 12,945 22.2
Mebyon Kernow James Whetter 850 1.5 n/a
Majority 2,561 4.3
Turnout 58,220 81.5
Conservative hold Swing
General election October 1974: Truro [29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal David Penhaligon 22,549 39.8 +3.9
Conservative Piers Dixon 22,085 39.0 -1.3
Labour A. F. Long 11,606 20.5 -1.7
Mebyon Kernow James Whetter 384 0.7 -0.8
Majority 464 0.8
Turnout 56,624 78.6 -2.9
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing
General election 1979: Truro [29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal David Penhaligon 33,571 52.8 +13.0
Conservative R. A. Brown 24,863 39.1 +0.1
Labour Bruce Malcolm Tidy 4,689 7.4 -13.4
Cornish Nationalist James Whetter 227 0.4
National Front N. F. Hedger 182 0.3
Majority 8,708 13.7 +12.9
Turnout 63,532 82.9 +4.3
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1980sEdit

General election 1983: Truro[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Alliance (Liberal) David Penhaligon 31,279 57.3
Conservative Philip D. Buddell 20,799 38.1
Labour Janet Beecroft 2,479 4.6
Majority 10,480 19.2
Turnout 54,447 79.6
Alliance hold Swing
By-election 1987: Truro
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Alliance (Liberal) Matthew Owen John Taylor 30,599 60.4 +3.1
Conservative Nick St. Aubyn 15,982 31.5 −6.6
Labour John King 3,603 7.1 +2.6
Green Howard Hoptrough 403 0.8
Death off Road: Freight on Rail Helen Anscomb 75 0.1
Majority 14,617 28.9 +9.7
Turnout 50,662 70.2 −9.4
Alliance hold Swing
General election 1987: Truro[31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Alliance (Liberal) Matthew Owen John Taylor 28,368 49.0 -8.3
Conservative Nick St Aubyn 23,615 40.8 +2.7
Labour John King 5,882 10.2 +5.6
Majority 4,753 8.2 -11.0
Turnout 57,865 79.9 +0.3
Alliance hold Swing

Elections in the 1990sEdit

General election 1992: Truro[32][33]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat Matthew Taylor 31,230 50.5 +1.5
Conservative Nick St Aubyn 23,660 38.3 −2.6
Labour James H. Geach 6,078 9.8 −0.3
Green Liam Keating 569 0.9 N/A
Liberal Christopher Tankard 208 0.3 N/A
Natural Law Margot Hartley 108 0.2 +0.2
Majority 7,570 12.2 +4.0
Turnout 61,853 82.3 +2.5
Liberal Democrat hold Swing +2.0

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "HAMELY (HAMYLYN), Sir John (aft.1324–1399), of Wimborne St. Giles, Dorset". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2 November 2011.
  3. ^ Willis 1750, p. 25.
  4. ^ Willis 1750, p. 47.
  5. ^ Willis 1750, p. 71.
  6. ^ Gough sat for Cambridge University ([citation needed]).
  7. ^ "John Trefuses" according to Cobbett: Browne Willis has "Samuel Trefusis (Willis 1750, p. 177)"
  8. ^ a b c d Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "T" (part 2)
  9. ^ Brydges was also elected for Hereford, which he chose to represent, and never sat for Truro ([citation needed]).
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 48–50. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
  11. ^ Lieutenant-Colonel from 1748, Colonel 1758, Major General 1761 ([citation needed]).
  12. ^ Styled Earl of Wiltshire from December 1794 ([citation needed]).
  13. ^ "Truro". Globe. 27 July 1837. p. 2. Retrieved 15 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  14. ^ Mosse, Richard Bartholomew (1838). The Parliamentary Guide: a concise history of the Members of both Houses, etc. p. 232. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
  15. ^ "Aberdeen Press and Journal". 17 January 1849. p. 3. Retrieved 15 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  16. ^ "Election Intelligence". Berkshire Chronicle. 13 January 1849. p. 2. Retrieved 15 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  17. ^ a b "Royal Cornwall Gazette". 9 July 1852. p. 5. Retrieved 15 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  18. ^ "Election Movements in Devonshire". Exeter and Plymouth Gazette. 14 March 1857. p. 8. Retrieved 15 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)|format= requires |url= (help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. pp. 312–313. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
  20. ^ "Election for the Borough of Truro". West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser. 5 February 1874. p. 1. Retrieved 21 January 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  21. ^ "Truro Election". The Cornishman (90). 1 April 1880. p. 5.
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. p. 243. ISBN 9781349022984.
  23. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1894
  24. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  25. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  26. ^ Cornishman, 9 Apr 1914
  27. ^ a b c d e British parliamentary election results, 1950-1973, by F. W. S. Craig.
  28. ^ a b F. W. S. Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1973.
  29. ^ a b c British parliamentary election results, 1974-1983, by F. W. S. Craig.
  30. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  31. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  32. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  33. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.

Further readingEdit