Family of Donald Trump

  (Redirected from Trump family)

The family of Donald Trump, 45th president of the United States from 2017 to 2021 and owner of The Trump Organization, is a prominent American family active in real estate, entertainment, business, and politics. Trump, his wife Melania, and son Barron were the first family of the United States for the duration of his presidency. Trump's paternal grandparents, Frederick Trump and Elizabeth Christ Trump, had immigrated to the United States from Germany. Donald Trump's mother, Mary Anne MacLeod, came from the Hebridean Isle of Lewis, off the west coast of Scotland.[1] Trump has five children from three wives, and 10 grandchildren.

Family of Donald Trump
Trump Family Hand Up.jpg
Current regionManhattan, New York City, New York / Mar-a-Lago, Palm Beach, Florida, United States of America
Members
Connected members

Immediate family

Wives

Ivana Trump

Ivana Marie Trump (née Zelníčková), the first wife of Donald Trump, was born on February 20, 1949, in Zlín, Czechoslovakia (now the Czech Republic). She is a former fashion model and a businesswoman. They were married from 1977 until 1992.

Ivana Trump took a major role in the Trump Organization. She became the vice president of interior design for the company, leading the signature design of Trump Tower. Afterwards, her then-husband appointed her to head up the Trump Castle Hotel and Casino as president. She became a naturalized U.S. citizen in 1988.[2]

Marla Maples

Marla Ann Maples, the second wife of Donald Trump, was born on October 27, 1963, in Dalton, Georgia, making her Donald Trump's only wife who was an American citizen at the time of their marriage. She is an actress and television personality. They were married from 1993 to 1999.

Melania Trump

Melania Trump (née Knavs), the third wife of Donald Trump, was born on April 26, 1970, in Novo Mesto, Yugoslavia (present-day Slovenia). She had a lengthy modeling career and is the second foreign-born first lady of the United States, the first being Louisa Adams.[3] They were married in 2005. She did not immediately move into the White House when her husband became president but remained at Trump Tower with their son Barron until the end of the 2016–2017 school year.[4] He and his mother moved to the White House on June 11, 2017.

Children

Trump has five children from three marriages: Don Jr., Ivanka, and Eric Trump with Ivana Trump; Tiffany Trump with Marla Maples; and Barron Trump with Melania Trump.

First marriage

Donald Jr., Ivanka, and Eric are Trump's three eldest children, from his first marriage with Ivana Trump.

Prior to the election, each of the siblings held the title of executive vice president at the Trump Organization. During the campaign, they served as surrogates for their father on national news programs. Following Trump's election victory, all three were named to the presidential transition team.[5]

Following the inauguration, Donald Jr. and Eric took charge of the family's real estate empire. Ivanka moved to Washington, D.C., with her husband Jared Kushner, who was appointed to a senior White House advisory position.[6]

Second marriage

Tiffany Ariana Trump (born October 13, 1993) is Donald Trump's only child with Marla Maples. In 2016, she participated little in her father's campaign because she was studying sociology and urban studies at the University of Pennsylvania.[7] Shortly after graduating, she made a supportive speech for her father at the Republican National Convention at age 22.[8]

Third marriage

 
Barron Trump in August 2019

Barron William Trump (born March 20, 2006)[9] is Trump's youngest child and his only child with Melania Trump. In May 2006, Barron Trump was baptized at the Episcopal Church of Bethesda-by-the-Sea in Palm Beach, Florida.[10][11] He attended the Columbia Grammar & Preparatory School in Manhattan. In addition to English, Barron is fluent in Slovene.[12]

Barron is known to be a fan of soccer. He appeared in an Arsenal F.C. jersey and met D.C. United players at the White House Easter Egg Roll in April 2017.[13] In September 2017, he was selected to join the U-12 team for D.C. United's Development Academy for the 2017–2018 season.[14] As of February 2019, Barron played with the Arlington Soccer Association.[15]

As of August 2021, he attended Oxbridge Academy, a private college-preparatory high school in West Palm Beach, Florida.[16] He stands at 6 foot 7 inches (2 meters) tall as of 2021 and is the tallest of Trump's children.[17]

Grandchildren

Donald Trump has 10 grandchildren. Donald Trump Jr. and his former wife Vanessa had five children, Ivanka Trump and her husband Jared Kushner three, and Eric Trump and his wife Lara two.[18]

Ancestry

 
Kallstadt, Germany, the Trump family's ancestral home.

According to biographer Gwenda Blair, the family descended from an itinerant lawyer, Hanns Drumpf, who settled in Kallstadt, a village in the Palatinate, Germany, in 1608 and whose descendants changed their name from Drumpf to Trump during the Thirty Years' War of the early 17th century.[19] The last name Trump is on record in Kallstadt since the 18th century.[20] Journalist Kate Connolly, visiting Kallstadt, found several variations in spelling of the surname in the village archives, including Drumb, Tromb, Tromp, Trum, Trumpff, and Dromb.[21] There are no indications that other spellings of the name, including Trumpf, could be related to the Trumps.[22]

By the late 17th century, Johannes Trump, born in the nearby village Bobenheim am Berg in 1789, had established himself as a winegrower in Kallstadt where his grandson, Friedrich Trump, the grandfather of Donald Trump, was born in 1869.[20] Several of his descendants also were vintners in Kallstadt, one of many villages in the famous wine-growing region of the Palatinate (Pfalz).[19] Johannes Trump's sister Charlotte Louisa married Johann Georg Heinz. Their son Johann Heinrich (John Henry) Heinz (1811–1891), who emigrated to the United States in 1840, was the father of Henry J. Heinz (1844–1919), founder of the Heinz company and Donald Trump's second cousin twice removed.[23]

This German heritage was long concealed by Donald Trump's father, Fred Trump, who had grown up in a mainly German-speaking environment until he was ten years old;[24] after World War II and until the 1980s, he told people he was of Swedish ancestry.[25] Donald Trump repeated this version in The Art of the Deal (1987) but later said he is "proud" of his German heritage, and served as grand marshal of the 1999 German-American Steuben Parade in New York City.[26][27]

The Trump family in Germany were Lutheran.[28][29] Donald Trump's parents attended First Presbyterian Church in Jamaica, Queens, where Trump was confirmed in 1959.[30]

Family tree


Parents

Fred Trump

 
Fred Trump c. 1950

Donald Trump's father, Fred Trump (1905–1999), born in New York, was a successful real estate developer in New York City.[44][45] Using their inheritance, Fred Trump and his mother Elizabeth founded E. Trump & Son by 1927.[46] The company grew to build and manage single-family houses in Queens, barracks and garden apartments for U.S. Navy personnel near major shipyards along the East Coast, and more than 27,000 apartments in New York City.[47] Trump was investigated by a U.S. Senate committee for profiteering in 1954,[48] and again by the State of New York in 1966.[49]

Donald Trump became the president of his father's real estate business in 1971 and renamed it the Trump Organization around 1973.[50] That year, Donald and his father were sued by the U.S. Justice Department's Civil Rights Division for violating the Fair Housing Act.[51] In the mid-1970s, Donald received loans from his father exceeding $14 million (later claimed by Donald to have been only $1 million).[52] Donald served as the Trump Organization's chairman and president until assuming the office of U.S. president.[53]

Mary Anne MacLeod Trump

Born as Mary Anne MacLeod (1912–2000) in Tong, a small village near Stornoway, in the Western Isles of Scotland, she was a daughter of fisherman Malcolm MacLeod and Mary MacLeod (née Smith).[54] At age 17, she immigrated to the United States with $50 (equivalent to $772 in 2020), and moved in with a sister before starting work as a maid in New York.[54][55] Mary and Fred Trump met in New York and married in 1936, settling together in Queens. Mary became a U.S. citizen in 1942.[54][56] While visiting Scotland in June 2008, Donald Trump said in part, "I think I do feel Scottish."[26][27]

Grandparents

Frederick Trump

In 1885, Donald Trump's grandfather, Friedrich Trump, emigrated from Kallstadt, Palatinate (then part of the Kingdom of Bavaria), to the United States at age 16. He anglicized his name to Frederick in 1892 when he became a U.S. citizen.[44] During the Klondike Gold Rush, he amassed a fortune by opening a restaurant and hotel in Bennett and later Whitehorse, serving gold seekers on their way to the region; one biographer wrote that the business included a brothel, a portrayal Donald Trump has said was "totally false".[57] On attempting to return, Frederick was exiled by Germany in 1905 for his lack of mandatory military service and not giving authorities notice before his 1885 departure; an appeal was denied.[58] He died in the first wave of the Spanish flu pandemic in 1918. After his death, his fortune was passed on to his wife and son.

Elizabeth Christ Trump

Donald Trump's grandmother, Elizabeth Christ Trump, was born in 1880 and died on June 6, 1966. She married Frederick Trump in 1902 and moved to the United States with him. Like her husband, she was a native of Kallstadt, born as the daughter of Philipp and Marie Christ. Philipp Christ was descended from Johannes Christ (1626–1688/9) of Flörsheim, Hesse. Elizabeth Christ Trump was a descendant of organ builder Johann Michael Hartung (1708–1763) through her paternal grandmother Sabina Christ.[59]

Siblings

Maryanne Trump Barry

Maryanne Barry (born 1937) is Donald Trump's eldest sister. She was a senior federal judge on the Third Circuit Court of Appeals,[60] became inactive in 2017 after her brother took office, and retired in 2019.[61]

Fred Trump Jr.

Frederick "Freddy" Crist [sic] Trump Jr. (1938–1981)[62][63] was Donald Trump's older brother. On September 26, 1981,[63] at the age of 42, he died from a heart attack.[64]

Elizabeth Trump Grau

Elizabeth Trump Grau (born 1942) is an older sister of Donald Trump.[65] In 1989, she married film producer James Grau.[66] She worked as an administrative assistant for Chase Manhattan Bank,[66] before retiring to Florida.[67]

Robert Trump

Robert Trump (1948–2020) was Donald Trump's younger brother.[68] He was a business executive who managed Trump Management Inc, the Trump Organization's real estate holdings outside Manhattan.[69][70] He was an investor in SHiRT LLC, one of two owners of Virginia-based CertiPathx which was awarded a $33 million government contract in 2019.[71]

Robert Trump married Blaine Beard in 1980.[72] They were divorced in 2009 after Trump had left his wife for Trump Organization employee Ann Marie Pallan. He married Pallan in early 2020.[73] Trump died on August 15, 2020, at the age of 71.[74][75] According to The New York Times, he had been having brain bleeds after a recent fall.[76]

Other relatives

John G. Trump

Donald Trump's paternal uncle John George Trump (1907–1985) was an electrical engineer, inventor and physicist who developed rotational radiation therapy, and, together with Robert J. Van de Graaff, one of the first million-volt X-ray generators. He was a recipient of Ronald Reagan's National Medal of Science and a member of the National Academy of Engineering.

John W. Walter

Trump's first cousin John W. Walter (1934–2018) was a son of father Fred's sister Elizabeth Trump and William Walter.[77][78] He worked for the Trump Organization for most of his life and was executive vice president of Trump Management, Inc.[79][77][80][81] He shared ownership of All County Building Supply & Maintenance Corp with Donald Trump, Maryanne Trump Barry, Elizabeth Trump Grau, and Robert Trump.[78][82] Walter also served as the mayor of Flower Hill, New York between 1988 and 1996, and as its historian from 1996 until his death in 2018.[83][84]

Mary L. Trump

Donald Trump's niece Mary L. Trump is a clinical psychologist, businessperson, and author who wrote a book about Donald Trump and the family titled Too Much and Never Enough (2020).

References

Footnotes

Citations

  1. ^ "Scottish Roots – Donald Trump". Scottish Roots. Archived from the original on January 26, 2018. Retrieved January 29, 2018.
  2. ^ "Ivana Trump becomes U.S. citizen". Associated Press. May 27, 1988. Archived from the original on April 18, 2019. Retrieved August 21, 2015.
  3. ^ "The Model American". The New Yorker. May 9, 2016. Archived from the original on July 26, 2018. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
  4. ^ Haberman, Maggie (November 20, 2016). "Melania and Barron Trump Won't Immediately Move to White House". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 24, 2016. Retrieved November 21, 2016.
  5. ^ "Donald Trump's kids might have saved the convention". CNN. July 22, 2016. Archived from the original on April 1, 2018. Retrieved November 12, 2016.
  6. ^ Effron, Lauren; Santucci, John (January 19, 2017). "How Trump's Eldest Children Have Been Handling the White House Transition". ABC News. Archived from the original on January 20, 2017. Retrieved January 20, 2017.
  7. ^ "US election: Trump children – who is the new first family?". BBC News. November 9, 2016. Archived from the original on November 10, 2016. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
  8. ^ "Who Is Donald's Lesser-Known Daughter, Tiffany Trump?". Vogue. July 20, 2016. Archived from the original on November 8, 2016. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
  9. ^ Alison Fox (November 21, 2016). "Get to know Barron Trump, the president-elect's 5th child". am New York. Archived from the original on January 14, 2017. Retrieved December 15, 2016.
  10. ^ Bailey, Sarah Pulliam (May 25, 2017). "Melania Trump is Catholic, she confirms after Vatican visit". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on May 27, 2019. Retrieved May 26, 2017. He and the first lady were married in 2005 in an Episcopal church in Palm Beach, Fla., where their son Barron Trump was later baptized.
  11. ^ Murphy, Stephanie (May 9, 2017). "Melania Trump Mother's Day interview: 'It's unconditional love'". Palm Beach Daily News. Archived from the original on May 17, 2017. Retrieved May 26, 2017. Donald and Melania Trump leave The Episcopal Church of Bethesda-by-the-Sea after the baptism of 8-month-old Barron William Trump on December 8, 2006.
  12. ^ Al-Sibi, Noor (December 12, 2016). "Does Barron Trump Speak Slovenian? The New First Boy Has Great Language Skills". Bustle. Archived from the original on July 1, 2020. Retrieved June 16, 2020.
  13. ^ Goff, Steven (April 18, 2017). "Barron Trump likes soccer. And Arsenal. And D.C. United?". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on September 23, 2017. Retrieved September 22, 2017.
  14. ^ Kennedy, Paul (September 22, 2017). "Barron Trump plays for D.C. United in Development Academy". Soccer America. Archived from the original on September 23, 2017. Retrieved September 22, 2017.
  15. ^ Laviola, Erin (February 3, 2019). "Trump: I'd Have a 'Hard Time' Letting Barron Play Football". Heavy.com. Archived from the original on May 1, 2019. Retrieved May 1, 2019.
  16. ^ Chamlee, Virginia; August 20, Linda Marx. "Barron Trump Enrolls in Private School in Palm Beach After Family Leaves White House". PEOPLE.com. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  17. ^ Brown, Lee (July 8, 2021). "Newest Trump tower: Barron shows off his 6-foot-7 height in NYC". New York Post. Retrieved August 27, 2021.
  18. ^ Kim, Leena (August 26, 2020). "Donald Trump's Family Tree: A Guide to His Parents, Children, and Siblings". Town & Country. Retrieved May 7, 2022.
  19. ^ a b Blair, Gwenda (2001). The Trumps: Three Generations of Builders and a Presidential Candidate (1st ed.). Simon & Schuster. p. 26. ISBN 9780743210799.
  20. ^ a b c Verein für Computergenealogie: Vorfahren von Friederich "Fritz" Trump. Archived August 3, 2017, at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ Kate Connolly (January 29, 2016). "Kallstadt, Germany: on the trail of 'the Donald' in the Trump ancestral home". The Guardian. Retrieved August 25, 2021.
  22. ^ "Media frenzy over Donald Trump's German hometown leaves locals unhappy". Deutsche Welle.
  23. ^ McGrane, Sally (April 29, 2016). "The Ancestral German Home of the Trumps". The New Yorker. Retrieved May 5, 2022.
  24. ^ Blair, The Trumps, p. 115.
  25. ^ Rozhon, Tracie (June 26, 1999). "Fred C. Trump, Postwar Master Builder of Housing for Middle Class, Dies at 93". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 4, 2019. Retrieved March 17, 2017.
  26. ^ a b Carrell, Severin (June 9, 2008). "'I feel Scottish,' says Donald Trump on flying visit to mother's cottage". The Guardian. Archived from the original on July 30, 2016. Retrieved July 24, 2016.
  27. ^ a b Frates, Chris (August 24, 2015). "Donald Trump's immigrant wives". CNN. Archived from the original on August 31, 2015. Retrieved September 3, 2015.
  28. ^ The small town of Kallstadt has only one religious building, the Central Lutheran church. See Kallstadt for more information.
  29. ^ Gwenda Blair (2000). The Trumps: Three Generations That Built an Empire. Simon and Schuster. pp. 28–29. ISBN 978-0743210799.
  30. ^ Barron, James (September 5, 2016). "Overlooked Influences on Donald Trump: A Famous Minister and His Church". The New York Times. Retrieved May 8, 2022.
  31. ^ Skrabec, Quentin R. (2009). H.J. Heinz: A Biography. McFarland & Company. p. 28–29. ISBN 978-0-7864-4178-5.
  32. ^ Skrabec, Quentin R. (2009). H.J. Heinz: A Biography. McFarland & Company. p. 28. ISBN 978-0-7864-4178-5.
  33. ^ Blair, Gwenda (2001). The Trumps: Three Generations of Builders and a Presidential Candidate (1st ed.). Simon & Schuster. p. 27. ISBN 9780743210799.
  34. ^ For Donald Trump's Family, an Immigrant's Tale With 2 Beginnings, The New York Times
  35. ^ "John Walter, Flower Hill mayor and cousin of the president, dies". The Island Now. January 10, 2018.
  36. ^ "Obituary of John Walter – Fairchild and Sons Funeral Chapel Inc". fairchildsons.com.
  37. ^ Kruse, Michael (November 4, 2017). "The Mystery of Mary Trump". Politico Magazine. Retrieved November 4, 2017.
  38. ^ Drew, Gerber (August 3, 2016). "Trump's Brother Rebelled Against Their Authoritarian Father By Joining a Jewish Frat". The Forward. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
  39. ^ "F. C. Trump 3d, Realty Manager, Weds Ms. Lorant". The New York Times. September 17, 1989.
  40. ^ "Trump family gives back to agency that helps developmental disabled". June 10, 2013.
  41. ^ a b c Kranish, Michael (July 2, 2020). "Mary Trump once stood up to her uncle Donald. Now her book describes a 'nightmare' of family dysfunction". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 21, 2022.
  42. ^ Phillips, Morgan (August 14, 2020). "Robert Trump, brother of President Trump, dead at 71". Fox News. Retrieved August 15, 2020.
  43. ^ "Michael Kors, Anna Wintour, Kate Hudson and Blaine Trump at God's Love We Deliver Gala". October 18, 2016 – via The New York Times.
  44. ^ a b Blair, Gwenda (August 24, 2015). "The Man Who Made Trump Who He Is". Politico. Archived from the original on April 28, 2019. Retrieved July 24, 2016.
  45. ^ "Mary MacLeod Trump Philanthropist, 88". The New York Times (Obituary). August 9, 2000. Archived from the original on March 23, 2019. Retrieved May 12, 2016.
  46. ^ "New concerns function with Queens capital". The Daily Star. April 16, 1927. p. 16. E. Trump & Son Company, Inc., of Jamaica, has been formed with $50,000 capital to deal in realty.
  47. ^ Rozhon, Tracie (June 26, 1999). "Fred C. Trump, Postwar Master Builder of Housing for Middle Class, Dies at 93". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 4, 2019. Retrieved January 29, 2017.
  48. ^ Moyer, Justin William (January 22, 2016). "The Unbelievable Story of Why Woody Guthrie Hated Donald Trump's Dad". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on January 28, 2017. Retrieved January 29, 2017.
  49. ^ Blair 2015, pp. 213–216.
  50. ^ Trump, Donald J.; Schwartz, Tony (2009) [1987]. Trump: The Art of the Deal. New York: Random House. p. 105. ISBN 978-0-307-57533-3. Archived from the original on February 1, 2017. Retrieved January 14, 2021.
  51. ^ Kranish, Michael; O'Harrow, Robert Jr. (January 23, 2016). "Inside the Government's Racial Bias Case Against Donald Trump's Company, and How He Fought It". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on July 29, 2016. Retrieved January 29, 2017.
  52. ^ Berzon, Alexandra; Rubin, Richard (September 23, 2016). "Trump's Father Helped GOP Candidate With Numerous Loans". Wall Street Journal. New York. Archived from the original on August 28, 2019. Retrieved January 29, 2017.
  53. ^ "Trump Organization Next Generation: Donald Jr Ivanka Eric Trump Hotel Collection Real Estate Casinos Golf Clubs Restaurants Merchandise Corporation Company Publications". Archived from the original on December 27, 2018. Retrieved May 14, 2016.
  54. ^ a b c Pilon, Mary (June 24, 2016). "Donald Trump's Immigrant Mother". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on May 18, 2019. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
  55. ^ Hannan, Martin (May 20, 2016). "The mysterious Mary Trump". The National. Archived from the original on October 2, 2018. Retrieved August 9, 2020.
  56. ^ McGrane, Sally (April 29, 2016). "The Ancestral German Home of the Trumps". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on February 1, 2017. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
  57. ^ Pearson, Natalie Obiko (October 26, 2016). "Trump's Family Fortune Originated in a Canadian Gold-Rush Brothel". Bloomberg. Archived from the original on December 27, 2017. Retrieved January 12, 2018.
  58. ^ Connolly, Kate (November 21, 2016). "Historian finds German decree banishing Trump's grandfather". The Guardian. Retrieved February 21, 2022.
  59. ^ "GEDBAS: Vorfahren von Frederick Christ TRUMP". Archived from the original on November 4, 2016. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
  60. ^ Goldmacher, Shane (January 25, 2017). "Trump's sister weighs in on Supreme Court pick". Politico. Archived from the original on August 16, 2017. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
  61. ^ Neumeister, Larry; Dale, Maryclaire (April 11, 2019). "Trump's sister retires, negating judicial ethics complaints". Associated Press. Archived from the original on May 26, 2019. Retrieved May 26, 2019.
  62. ^ Trump 2020, p. 31.
  63. ^ a b "Part 1: New Frontiers". Biography: The Trump Dynasty. February 25, 2019. Event occurs at 1:21. A&E.
  64. ^ Blair 2015, p. 320.
  65. ^ "Meet the Trumps: The family tree of Donald Trump". MSN News. May 8, 2018. Archived from the original on May 29, 2018. Retrieved May 28, 2018.
  66. ^ a b "Elizabeth Trump weds James Grau". The New York Times. March 27, 1989. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on May 29, 2018. Retrieved May 28, 2018.
  67. ^ Gavin, Michael (June 23, 2017). "Trump sister sells oceanfront Westhampton Beach home for $3.8M". Newsday. Melville, New York City. Archived from the original on May 29, 2018. Retrieved May 28, 2018.
  68. ^ Chabba, Seerat (November 15, 2016). "Who Are Donald Trump's Siblings?". International Business Times. Yahoo News. Archived from the original on March 24, 2017. Retrieved March 23, 2016.
  69. ^ Blair 2015, p. 454.
  70. ^ Horowitz, Jason (January 2, 2016). "For Donald Trump, Lessons From a Brother's Suffering". The New York Times. Archived from the original on October 27, 2017. Retrieved February 11, 2017.
  71. ^ Partlow, Joshua (October 26, 2019). "Company with ties to Trump's brother Robert awarded $33 million government contract". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on December 11, 2019. Retrieved December 14, 2019.
  72. ^ "The Winning Ways of Blaine Trump". The New York Times. October 28, 1987. Archived from the original on January 27, 2017. Retrieved February 11, 2017.
  73. ^ Adams, Cindy (March 2, 2020). "Robert Trump ties the knot again". Page Six. Archived from the original on June 5, 2020. Retrieved May 7, 2020.
  74. ^ "Robert Trump: brother of president Donald Trump dies aged 71". The Guardian. August 16, 2020. Archived from the original on January 14, 2021. Retrieved August 16, 2020.
  75. ^ Phillips, Morgan (August 14, 2020). "Robert Trump, brother of President Trump, dead at 71". Fox News. Archived from the original on January 14, 2021. Retrieved August 16, 2020.
  76. ^ Karni, Annie (August 15, 2020). "Robert S. Trump, the President's Younger Brother, Dies at 71". The New York Times. Archived from the original on August 16, 2020. Retrieved August 16, 2020.
  77. ^ a b "In Memory of John Whitney Walter". Archived from the original on January 28, 2020. Retrieved August 14, 2020.
  78. ^ a b Blair, Gwenda (October 17, 2018). "Did the Trump Family Historian Drop a Dime to the New York Times?". Politico. Archived from the original on January 14, 2021. Retrieved August 14, 2020.
  79. ^ Trump 2020, pp. 193–94.
  80. ^ "Celebrating 85 years". The First National Bank of Long Island. p. 19. Archived from the original on January 14, 2021. Retrieved August 14, 2020.
  81. ^ Horowitz, Jason (August 12, 2016). "Fred Trump Taught His Son the Essentials of Showboating Self-Promotion". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 14, 2021. Retrieved August 14, 2020.
  82. ^ Barstow, David; Craig, Susanne; Buettner, Russ (October 2, 2018). "Trump Engaged in Suspect Tax Schemes as He Reaped Riches From His Father". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 18, 2019. Retrieved August 14, 2020.
  83. ^ Torrance, Luke (January 10, 2018). "John Walter, Flower Hill mayor and cousin of the president, dies – News". The Island Now. Archived from the original on January 28, 2020. Retrieved November 23, 2020.
  84. ^ "Village Letter – Spring 2018" (PDF). Village of Flower Hill. Spring 2018. Archived (PDF) from the original on January 14, 2021. Retrieved September 17, 2020.

Works cited