The Tropiduridae are a family of iguanid lizards. The family is sometimes considered a subfamily, Tropidurinae. The subfamily is native to South America, including the islands of Trinidad and the Galápagos. Commonly known as neotropical ground lizards, most are ground-dwelling animals, and the subfamily includes some lizards adapted to relatively cold climates, including those of the Andes mountains and Tierra del Fuego. Several species give birth to live young.
Eight recognized genera, see article.
- Eurolophosaurus Frost, Rodrigues, T. Grant & Titus, 2001
- Microlophus A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1837 – lava lizards and Pacific iguanas (sometimes in Tropidurus)
- Plica Gray, 1830
- Stenocercus A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1837 – whorltail iguanas
- Strobilurus Wiegmann, 1834
- Tropidurus Wied-Neuwied, 1824 (including Platynotus, Tapinurus)
- Uracentron Kaup, 1827 – thornytail iguanas (sometimes in Tropidurus)
- Uranoscodon C. Bonaparte, 1832
- Data related to Tropiduridae at Wikispecies
- Bell T (1843). The Zoology of the Voyage of H.M.S. Beagle Under the Command of Captain Fitzroy, R.N., during the years 1832 to 1836. Edited and Superintended by Charles Darwin ... Naturalist to the Expedition. Part V. Reptiles. London: Smith, Elder and Company. vi + 51 pp. + Plates 1-20. (Tropiduridae, new family, p. 1). (in English and Latin).
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