Tromsøysund

Tromsøysund is a former municipality in Troms county in Norway. The 1,596-square-kilometre (616 sq mi) municipality existed from 1838 until its dissolution in 1964. The municipality encompassed most of what is now Tromsø Municipality including areas on the island of Kvaløya and on the mainland. It completely surrounded the city of Tromsø, both on a number of islands as well as on the mainland. The municipality included the villages of Bjerkaker, Tromsdalen, and Movik. The administrative centre was the village of Tromsdalen, just across the strait from the city of Tromsø.[1]

Tromsøysund herred

Tromsøe landdistrikt
Arm of the Ramfjorden in Tromsøysund
Arm of the Ramfjorden in Tromsøysund
Official logo of Tromsøysund herred
Troms within
Norway
Tromsøysund within Troms
Tromsøysund within Troms
Coordinates: 69°38′53″N 18°59′13″E / 69.64806°N 18.98694°E / 69.64806; 18.98694Coordinates: 69°38′53″N 18°59′13″E / 69.64806°N 18.98694°E / 69.64806; 18.98694
CountryNorway
CountyTroms
DistrictHålogaland
Established1 Jan 1838
Disestablished1 Jan 1964
Administrative centreTromsøysund
Area
 • Total1,596 km2 (616 sq mi)
 *Area at municipal dissolution.
Population
 (1964)
 • Total16,727
 • Density10/km2 (27/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1934
Created asFormannskapsdistrikt in 1838
Succeeded byTromsø in 1964

HistoryEdit

The large prestegjeld of Tromsøe existed for hundreds of years. In 1838, the new formannskapsdistrikt law established municipal self-government in Norway. According to the law, each prestegjeld became a municipality, but all cities in Norway had to be separated from their prestegjeld and be their own municipalities. So, on 1 January 1838, the city of Tromsøe became a municipality and the large surrounding district became the municipality of Tromsøe landdistrikt. Initially, the new municipality had a population of 4,286.[2]

In 1860, the southern part of the municipality (population: 3,610) was split off from Tromsøe landdistrikt to become the new Balsfjord Municipality. This left Tromsøe landdistrikt with 2,632 inhabitants. In November 1860, the name of the municipality was changed to Tromsøsundet (the spelling was changed to the more modern spelling Tromsøysund later). On 1 January 1861, an area of Tromsøysund (population: 110) was transferred to the city of Tromsø. On 1 January 1873, a part of the neighboring municipality of Malangen (population: 287) was merged back into Tromsøysund (this area in Malangen was separated from Balsfjord in 1871). This area included the Bakkejord-Kvalnes-Lauksletta-Mjelde area in southern Kvaløya and Brokskar-Bentsjorda area on the mainland. At the same time, an uninhabited part of Tromsøysund was also transferred to Tromsø. On 1 July 1915, another part of Tromsøysund (population: 512) was transferred to the city of Tromsø. Again on 1 July 1955, the Bjerkaker area of Tromsøysund (population: 1,583) was transferred to the city of Tromsø.

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, a major municipal merger took place. All of Tromsøysund municipality (population: 16,727) was merged with the city of Tromsø (population: 12,602), the parts of Hillesøy municipality on Kvaløya island (population: 1,316), and most (except the Svensby area) of Ullsfjord municipality (population: 2,019) to form a new, larger Tromsø Municipality.[1][3][4]

GovernmentEdit

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Tromsøysund was made up of 53 representatives that were elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the final municipal council was as follows:

Tromsøysund Herredsstyre 1960–1963 [5]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)30
 Conservative Party (Høyre)5
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)12
Total number of members:53
Tromsøysund Herredsstyre 1956–1959 [6]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)25
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)11
Total number of members:45
Tromsøysund Herredsstyre 1952–1955 [7]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)15
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)11
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
4
Total number of members:36
Tromsøysund Herredsstyre 1948–1951 [8]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)19
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)8
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)5
Total number of members:36
Tromsøysund Herredsstyre 1945–1947 [9]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)22
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)5
 Liberal Party (Venstre)9
Total number of members:36
Tromsøysund Herredsstyre 1938–1941* [10]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)19
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)13
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)4
Total number of members:36

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Thorsnæs, Geir, ed. (2018-04-09). "Tromsøysund – tidligere kommune". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2018-08-01.
  2. ^ Registreringssentral for historiske data. "Hjemmehørende folkemengde Troms 1801-1960" (in Norwegian). University of Tromsø.
  3. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. ^ "Arkivkatalog. Tromsøysund kommune. 1838–1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Tromsø kommune. Retrieved 2012-12-12.
  5. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  6. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  7. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  8. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  9. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  10. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 2020-03-18.

External linksEdit