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Trois-Pistoles, Quebec

Trois-Pistoles is a city in Les Basques Regional County Municipality in the Bas-Saint-Laurent region of Quebec, Canada. It is also the county seat. The town is located on the south shore of the Saint Lawrence River.

Trois-Pistoles
Trois-Pistoles.JPG
Location within Les Basques RCM
Location within Les Basques RCM
Trois-Pistoles is located in Eastern Quebec
Trois-Pistoles
Trois-Pistoles
Location in eastern Quebec
Trois-Pistoles is located in Canada
Trois-Pistoles
Trois-Pistoles
Trois-Pistoles (Canada)
Coordinates: 48°07′12″N 069°10′48″W / 48.12000°N 69.18000°W / 48.12000; -69.18000Coordinates: 48°07′12″N 069°10′48″W / 48.12000°N 69.18000°W / 48.12000; -69.18000[1]
CountryCanada
ProvinceQuebec
RegionBas-Saint-Laurent
RCMLes Basques
Constituted9 March 1916
Government
 • MayorJean-Pierre Rioux
 • Federal ridingRimouski-Neigette—Témiscouata
—Les Basques
 • Prov. ridingRivière-du-Loup-Témiscouata
Area
 • Total9.60 km2 (3.71 sq mi)
 • Land7.66 km2 (2.96 sq mi)
Population
 • Total3,456
 • Density450.9/km2 (1,168/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011
Decrease 1.3%
 • Dwellings
1,757
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
Area code(s)418 and 581
Highways Route 132
Route 293
Websitewww.ville-trois-pistoles.ca
Ferry boat returns to Trois Pistoles from Les Escumins

A ferry crosses the river to Les Escoumins on the north shore. The port facilities are also used by fishing boats and scuba divers.

The town is the site of the University of Western Ontario's annual French immersion program, which has existed since 1932. It is the oldest such program in Canada.

Just offshore of the town lies Île aux Basques, an island that was used by Basque whalers in the 16th century. The island, part of the surrounding Municipality of Notre-Dame-des-Neiges, is a National Historic Site of Canada and is now a migratory bird sanctuary.[4]

The town has hosted the Festival Échofête de Trois-Pistoles, an environmentalism-themed music festival and fair each July since 2002. It is Quebec's largest environmental festival.[5][6]

The town can be reached by Via Rail on the named train The Ocean, between Montreal and Halifax.

EtymologyEdit

The town is said to have been named for a silver goblet worth three pistoles, an old French coin, that was lost in the river in the 17th century.[1]

DemographicsEdit

PopulationEdit

Canada census – Trois-Pistoles, Quebec community profile
2011 2006
Population: 3,456 (-1.3% from 2006) 3,500 (-3.7% from 2001)
Land area: 7.66 km2 (2.96 sq mi) 7.66 km2 (2.96 sq mi)
Population density: 450.9/km2 (1,168/sq mi) 456.7/km2 (1,183/sq mi)
Median age: 55.2 (M: 53.0, F: 56.7) 50.7 (M: 48.3, F: 52.2)
Total private dwellings: 1,757 1,720
Median household income: $38,395 $33,939
References: 2011[7] 2006[8] earlier[9]
YearPop.±%
1991 3,886—    
1996 3,807−2.0%
2001 3,635−4.5%
2006 3,500−3.7%
2011 3,253−7.1%
2016 3,058−6.0%

LanguageEdit

Canada Census Mother Tongue - Trois-Pistoles, Quebec[10]
Census Total
French
English
French & English
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2011
3,395
3,375   5.3% 99.41% 15   n/a% 0.44% 5   n/a% 0.15% 0   100.0% 0.00%
2006
3,250
3,195   6.2% 98.31% 0   100.0% 0.00% 0   0.0% 0.00% 55   n/a% 1.69%
2001
3,430
3,405   3.7% 99.27% 25   28.6% 0.73% 0   100.0% 0.00% 0   0.0% 0.00%
1996
3,580
3,535 n/a 98.74% 35 n/a 0.98% 10 n/a 0.28% 0 n/a 0.00%

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Trois-Pistoles
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12
(54)
11
(52)
17.8
(64.0)
27
(81)
31.7
(89.1)
32
(90)
35
(95)
33.9
(93.0)
31
(88)
23.3
(73.9)
21
(70)
15
(59)
35
(95)
Average high °C (°F) −8
(18)
−6.4
(20.5)
−0.4
(31.3)
6.4
(43.5)
14.3
(57.7)
20.2
(68.4)
23
(73)
21.4
(70.5)
16
(61)
9.4
(48.9)
2.4
(36.3)
−4.7
(23.5)
7.8
(46.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) −12
(10)
−10.1
(13.8)
−4.2
(24.4)
2.5
(36.5)
9.3
(48.7)
15
(59)
17.7
(63.9)
16.5
(61.7)
11.6
(52.9)
5.9
(42.6)
−0.5
(31.1)
−8.1
(17.4)
3.6
(38.5)
Average low °C (°F) −15.8
(3.6)
−13.9
(7.0)
−8.1
(17.4)
−1.4
(29.5)
4.2
(39.6)
9.7
(49.5)
12.5
(54.5)
11.5
(52.7)
7.2
(45.0)
2.4
(36.3)
−3.3
(26.1)
−11.4
(11.5)
−0.6
(30.9)
Record low °C (°F) −34.4
(−29.9)
−31.7
(−25.1)
−25.5
(−13.9)
−18
(0)
−7.2
(19.0)
0
(32)
3.3
(37.9)
1.7
(35.1)
−2.8
(27.0)
−7.8
(18.0)
−18
(0)
−28.5
(−19.3)
−34.4
(−29.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 83.9
(3.30)
67.8
(2.67)
77.3
(3.04)
73.9
(2.91)
88.3
(3.48)
84.2
(3.31)
93.3
(3.67)
87.6
(3.45)
90.5
(3.56)
92.5
(3.64)
78.3
(3.08)
87.6
(3.45)
1,005.3
(39.58)
Source: Environment Canada[11]

MediaEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Trois-Pistoles" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. 28 June 2011. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
  2. ^ a b Geographic code 11040 in the official Répertoire des municipalités (in French)
  3. ^ a b "(Code 2411040) Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012.
  4. ^ http://www.bonjourquebec.com/qc-en/attractions-directory/cruise-company/excursions-a-lile-aux-basques_1899812.html
  5. ^ http://www.echofete.ca/
  6. ^ http://www.bonjourquebec.com/qc-en/events-directory/festival-special-event/echofete-festival-eco-culturel_133944335.html
  7. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  8. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. 30 March 2011. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  9. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. 17 February 2012.
  10. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  11. ^ Environment Canada Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000, accessed 28 April 2010

External linksEdit