Trogon (genus)

Trogon is a genus of Coraciimorphae birds in the trogon family. Its members occur in forests and woodlands of the Americas, ranging from southeastern Arizona to northern Argentina.

Elegant Trogon.jpg
Elegant trogon (Trogon elegans)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Trogoniformes
Family: Trogonidae
Genus: Trogon
Brisson, 1760
Type species
Trogon viridis
Linnaeus, 1766

See text.

They have large eyes, stout hooked bills, short wings, and long, squared-off, strongly graduated tails; black and white tail-feather markings form distinctive patterns on the underside. Males have richly colored metallic plumage, metallic on the upperparts.[1] Although many have brightly coloured bare eye-rings, they lack the colorful patches of bare facial skin in their African counterparts, Apaloderma.[2] Females and young are duller and sometimes hard to identify in the field.[1] Eggs are white or bluish-white, unlike the pale blue eggs of quetzals.[2] See the family account for further details.


The genus Trogon was introduced by the French zoologist Mathurin Jacques Brisson in 1760 with the green-backed trogon (Trogon viridis) as the type species.[3][4] The name of the genus is from the Ancient Greek τρωγων trōgōn for "fruit-eating" or "gnawing".[5] The name had previously been used by the German naturalist Paul Möhring in 1752 for the blue-crowned trogon (Trogon curucui).[6]


The genus contains 20 species:[7]

Male Female Scientific name Common Name Distribution
    Lattice-tailed trogon Trogon clathratus Costa Rica and Panama.
    Slaty-tailed trogon Trogon massena southeastern Mexico south through Central America, to Colombia, and a small region of northwestern Ecuador.
  Chocó trogon Trogon comptus western Colombia and north-western Ecuador.
  Ecuadorian trogon Trogon mesurus western Ecuador and far north-western Peru.
    Black-tailed trogon Trogon melanurus north-western South America and adjacent Panama.
    Black-headed trogon Trogon melanocephalus northern Colombia, northern Venezuela and Trinidad and Tobago.
  Citreoline trogon Trogon citreolus western Mexico
  White-tailed trogon Trogon chionurus Chocó, ranging from Panama, through western Colombia, to western Ecuador.
    Baird's trogon Trogon bairdii Costa Rica and far western Panama
    Green-backed trogon Trogon viridis the Amazon, the Guiana Shield, Trinidad, and the Atlantic Forest in eastern Brazil.
    Gartered trogon Trogon caligatus east-central Mexico, south through Central America, to west or north of the Andes in Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela
Amazonian trogon Trogon ramonianus the Amazon
  Guianan trogon Trogon violaceus Mexico, Central America, and northern South America
  Blue-crowned trogon Trogon curucui Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, and Peru
    Surucua trogon Trogon surrucura south-eastern Brazil, eastern Paraguay, and far north-eastern Argentina and Uruguay
    Black-throated trogon or Yellow-bellied Trogon Trogon rufus Honduras south to western Ecuador and northern Argentina.
    Elegant trogon Trogon elegans Guatemala in the south as far north as the upper Gila River in Arizona and New Mexico.
    Mountain trogon Trogon mexicanus Guatemala, Honduras, and Mexico and has occurred in El Salvador
  Collared trogon Trogon collaris northern Colombia, northern Venezuela and Trinidad and Tobago.
    Masked trogon Trogon personatus the Andes


  1. ^ a b Hilty, Steven L. (2003), Birds of Venezuela, Princeton University Press, p. 438, ISBN 0-691-09250-8
  2. ^ a b Williamson, Sheri L.; Colston, P. R. (2003), "Trogons", in Christopher Perrins (ed.), Firefly Encyclopedia of Birds, Firefly Books, pp. 362–363, ISBN 1-55297-777-3
  3. ^ Brisson, Mathurin Jacques (1760). Ornithologie, ou, Méthode Contenant la Division des Oiseaux en Ordres, Sections, Genres, Especes & leurs Variétés (in French and Latin). Paris: Jean-Baptiste Bauche. Vol. 1, p. 42, Vol. 4, p. 164.
  4. ^ Dickinson, E.C.; Remsen, J.V., Jr., eds. (2013). The Howard & Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. Vol. 1: Non-passerines (4th ed.). Eastbourne, UK: Aves Press. p. 280. ISBN 978-0-9568611-0-8.
  5. ^ Jobling, J.A. (2019). del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A.; de Juana, E. (eds.). "Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology". Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  6. ^ Möhring, Paul Heinrich Gerhard (1752). Avium Genera (in Latin). Avricae: apvd G.G. Rvmp. p. 52.
  7. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2019). "Mousebirds, trogons, Cuckoo Roller". World Bird List Version 9.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 7 April 2019.