Trochilinae

Trochilinae is a subfamily of the hummingbird family (Trochilidae). Members of the subfamily Trochilinae are sometimes called typical hummingbirds. They typically display iridescent plumage in metallic reds, oranges, greens and/or blues. Strong sexual dimorphism in plumage and size is evident in many species.[1]

Trochilinae
BroadbilledHummingbird.jpg
Broad-billed Hummingbird male Cynanthus latirostris, Madera Canyon, Arizona
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Apodiformes
Family: Trochilidae
Subfamily: Trochilinae
Jardine, 1833
Genera

About 100, see text

DistributionEdit

Hummingbirds in Trochilinae are found in America, from Alaska to the archipelago of Tierra del Fuego. There is great diversity in almost the entire Central American isthmus, Colombia, and Venezuela. The country with the greatest diversity of this species is Ecuador, which has 132 species equivalent to 40% of the world total, however the country with the highest number of these is Colombia with up to 165 species throughout its territory.[2]

ReproductionEdit

 
Calliope Hummingbird (Selasphorus calliope) female feeding two chicks

To court the interest of the female, the male performs a dance. After the females have been fertilized, they build a small nest lined internally with spider web, cotton, lichen or moss. The nest is often built in a low bush. The female lays two eggs in a period of two days and hatches within 14 to 19 days. Then, the hummingbirds feed their young for about three to four weeks at this time the female travels from the nest up to 140 times a day to feed her young.

Taxonomic listEdit

Image Genus Living species
  Topaza
  Florisuga
  Doryfera
  Schistes
  Augastes
  Colibri
  Androdon
  Heliactin
  Heliothryx
  Polytmus
  Avocettula
  Chrysolampis
  Anthracothorax
  Eulampis
  Heliangelus
  Sephanoides
  Discosura
  Lophornis
  Phlogophilus
  Adelomyia
  Aglaiocercus
  Sappho
  Polyonymus
  Taphrolesbia
  Oreotrochilus
  Opisthoprora
  Lesbia
  Ramphomicron
  Chalcostigma
  Oxypogon
  Oreonympha
  Metallura
  Haplophaedia
  Eriocnemis
  Loddigesia
  Aglaeactis
  Coeligena
  Lafresnaya
  Ensifera
  Pterophanes
  Boissonneaua
  Ocreatus
  Urochroa
  Urosticte
  Heliodoxa
  Clytolaema
  Patagona
  Sternoclyta
  Hylonympha
  Eugenes
  Panterpe
  Heliomaster
  Lampornis
  Lamprolaima
  Calliphlox
  Myrtis
  Rhodopis
  Myrmia
  Thaumastura
  Eulidia
  Microstilbon
  Chaetocercus
  Tilmatura
  Doricha
  Calothorax
  Archilochus
  Mellisuga
  Nesophlox
  Calypte
  Selasphorus
  Phaeoptila
  Riccordia
  Cynanthus
  Chlorostilbon
  Basilinna
  Pampa
  Abeillia
  Klais
  Orthorhyncus
  Anthocephala
  Stephanoxis
  Campylopterus
  Chalybura
  Thalurania
  Microchera
  Goldmania
  Eupherusa
  Phaeochroa
  Leucippus
  Thaumasius
  Taphrospilus
  Eupetomena
  Talaphorus
  Trochilus
  Leucolia
  Saucerottia
  Amazilia
  Amazilis
  Uranomitra
  Chrysuronia
  Leucochloris
  Chionomesa
  Hylocharis
  Elliotomyia
  Polyerata
  Chlorestes

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Our Beautiful World: Hummingbirds - Apodiformes, Trochilidae, Trochilinae, Phaethornithinae, Apodidae, swifts, Hemiprocnidae, treeswifts,". www.vulkaner.no. Retrieved 2020-07-27.
  2. ^ "Change the generic classification of the Trochilinae (part 2)". www.museum.lsu.edu. Retrieved 2020-07-27.

External linksEdit