Trnovo, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Trnovo (Serbian Cyrillic: Трново) is a town and municipality located in Sarajevo Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. As of 2013, the municipality had a population of 1,502 inhabitants. The town itself had a total population of 1,023, with 956 of them living in the Republika Srpska part[1] and 67 in the Federation part.[2]

Trnovo
Трново
View on the Željeznica river.
View on the Željeznica river.
Official seal of Trnovo
Location of Trnovo, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina within Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Location of Trnovo, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina within Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
EntityFederation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Canton Sarajevo Canton
Government
 • Municipal mayorIbro Berilo (SDA)
Area
 • Total3,384 km2 (1,307 sq mi)
Population
 (2013 census)
 • Total1,502
 • Density54/km2 (140/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code+387 33
Websitewww.trnovo.ba

It is located 30 kilometers southeast of the city of Sarajevo. As a result of the 1995 Dayton Agreement, the municipality was divided between the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska (Trnovo, RS).

SettlementsEdit

Aside from the town of Trnovo, the municipality include the following settlements:

DemographicsEdit

 
Trnovo is marked with number 8 on this map of the Sarajevo Canton.

The pre-war municipality, with 63 settlements, had a total population of 6,991 people, of whom Bosniaks were 68.81% and Serbs 29.45%. The Bosniak-inhabited settlements became part of the Trnovo municipality of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to data from the municipality, it is the least populous municipality in the Sarajevo Canton, with a population of 1,830. It is also the least densely populated of the nine municipalities, and has the highest percentage of people over 65 years of age.

Ethnically, 95.4% of residents are Bosniaks and 4.6% are Serbs, and this accounts for the entire population.

TourismEdit

Large sections of the mountains of Igman, Bjelašnica, Visočica, Treskavica and Jahorina, along with a section of the stunning Rakitnica canyon are located on the municipality territory, offering possibilities for sustainable tourism development. However, the main focus of growing criticism is rather this precise aspect of ignoring sustainable development. The problem of mismanagement and corruption in urban planning and decision making, with complete disregard of environmental standards and practices, followed with inherent lack of environmental consciousness and concerns for nature's balance and heritage within the political sphere of influence, clears the way for commodification, which consequently lead to overdevelopment and intention to bring infrastructure, that might be unwarrantable and excessive in scale and scope, deep into preserved and undisturbed areals of high-valued nature with potential for statuary protection, which consequently results in environmental degradation.[3] Whereas agriculture and especially traditional livestock, husbandry and sheepherding had always been local trade of choice, and along with reasonable and sustainable tourism development, could still remain the main branch of the local economy.

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Naseljena Mjesta 1991/2013" (in Bosnian). Statistical Office of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrieved March 12, 2022.
  2. ^ "Naseljena Mjesta 1991/2013" (in Bosnian). Statistical Office of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrieved March 12, 2022.
  3. ^ "Igman i Bjelasnica - planine koje su pojeli skakavci - Eko akcija". www.ekoakcija.org (in Bosnian). Eko akcija. Retrieved 11 September 2018.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 43°41′19″N 18°20′23″E / 43.6886°N 18.3397°E / 43.6886; 18.3397