Triple jump at the Olympics

The triple jump at the Summer Olympics is grouped among the four track and field jumping events held at the multi-sport event. The men's triple jump has been present on the Olympic athletics programme since the first Summer Olympics in 1896. The women's triple jump is one of the more recent additions to the programme, having been first contested in 1996. It became the third Olympic jumping event for women after the high jump and long jump.

Triple jump
at the Olympic Games
Willie Banks Jr. in Seoul 1988.jpg
Willie Banks in the 1988 Olympic triple jump competition
Overview
SportAthletics
GenderMen and women
Years heldMen: 18962020
Women: 19962020
Olympic record
Men18.09 m Kenny Harrison (1996)
Women15.67 m Yulimar Rojas (2021)
Reigning champion
Men Pedro Pichardo (POR)
Women Yulimar Rojas (VEN)

The Olympic records for the event are 18.09 m (59 ft 4 in) for men, set by Kenny Harrison in 1996, and 15.67 m (51 ft 4+34 in) for women, set by Yulimar Rojas in 2021. The men's triple jump world record was broken at the competition in 1924, 1932, 1936, 1956 and 1968. At the 1968 Summer Olympics, three men improved the record a total of five times at the high altitude of Mexico City.[1] The women's world record was broken at the Olympics in Tokyo in 2021.

James Brendan Connolly was the first Olympic triple jump champion and, as it was the first event to conclude in 1896, he was also the first Olympic champion of the modern era.[2] Inessa Kravets, the world record holder, became the first women's champion 100 years later. Portuguese Pedro Pichardo and Venezuelan Yulimar Rojas are the reigning Olympic champions from 2020.

Viktor Saneyev is the event's most successful athlete as he was Olympic champion three times consecutively from 1968 to 1976, as well as runner-up in 1980. Françoise Mbango Etone is the only woman to win two Olympic triple jump titles. Saneyev, Vilho Tuulos and Tatyana Lebedeva are the only three athletes to have won more than two Olympic medals in the event. The United States is the most successful nation in the event, with eight gold medals to its name. The Soviet Union is the next most successful, with four golds.

A short-lived standing triple jump variant of the event was contested in 1900 and 1904 and standing jumps specialist Ray Ewry won both gold medals.

MedalistsEdit

MenEdit

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1896 Athens
details
James Connolly
  United States
Alexandre Tuffère
  France
Ioannis Persakis
  Greece
1900 Paris
details
Myer Prinstein
  United States
James Connolly
  United States
Lewis Sheldon
  United States
1904 St. Louis
details
Myer Prinstein
  United States
Fred Englehardt
  United States
Robert Stangland
  United States
1908 London
details
Tim Ahearne
  Great Britain
Garfield MacDonald
  Canada
Edvard Larsen
  Norway
1912 Stockholm
details
Gustaf Lindblom
  Sweden
Georg Åberg
  Sweden
Erik Almlöf
  Sweden
1920 Antwerp
details
Vilho Tuulos
  Finland
Folke Jansson
  Sweden
Erik Almlöf
  Sweden
1924 Paris
details
Nick Winter
  Australia
Luis Brunetto
  Argentina
Vilho Tuulos
  Finland
1928 Amsterdam
details
Mikio Oda
  Japan
Levi Casey
  United States
Vilho Tuulos
  Finland
1932 Los Angeles
details
Chūhei Nambu
  Japan
Erik Svensson
  Sweden
Kenkichi Oshima
  Japan
1936 Berlin
details
Naoto Tajima
  Japan
Masao Harada
  Japan
Jack Metcalfe
  Australia
1948 London
details
Arne Åhman
  Sweden
George Avery
  Australia
Ruhi Sarialp
  Turkey
1952 Helsinki
details
Adhemar da Silva
  Brazil
Leonid Shcherbakov
  Soviet Union
Asnoldo Devonish
  Venezuela
1956 Melbourne
details
Adhemar da Silva
  Brazil
Vilhjálmur Einarsson
  Iceland
Vitold Kreyer
  Soviet Union
1960 Rome
details
Józef Szmidt
  Poland
Vladimir Goryaev
  Soviet Union
Vitold Kreyer
  Soviet Union
1964 Tokyo
details
Józef Szmidt
  Poland
Oleg Fyodoseyev
  Soviet Union
Viktor Kravchenko
  Soviet Union
1968 Mexico City
details
Viktor Saneyev
  Soviet Union
Nelson Prudencio
  Brazil
Giuseppe Gentile
  Italy
1972 Munich
details
Viktor Saneyev
  Soviet Union
Jörg Drehmel
  East Germany
Nelson Prudencio
  Brazil
1976 Montreal
details
Viktor Saneyev
  Soviet Union
James Butts
  United States
João Carlos de Oliveira
  Brazil
1980 Moscow
details
Jaak Uudmäe
  Soviet Union
Viktor Saneyev
  Soviet Union
João Carlos de Oliveira
  Brazil
1984 Los Angeles
details
Al Joyner
  United States
Mike Conley Sr.
  United States
Keith Connor
  Great Britain
1988 Seoul
details
Khristo Markov
  Bulgaria
Igor Lapshin
  Soviet Union
Aleksandr Kovalenko
  Soviet Union
1992 Barcelona
details
Mike Conley Sr.
  United States
Charles Simpkins
  United States
Frank Rutherford
  Bahamas
1996 Atlanta
details
Kenny Harrison
  United States
Jonathan Edwards
  Great Britain
Yoelbi Quesada
  Cuba
2000 Sydney
details
Jonathan Edwards
  Great Britain
Yoel García
  Cuba
Denis Kapustin
  Russia
2004 Athens
details
Christian Olsson
  Sweden
Marian Oprea
  Romania
Danil Burkenya
  Russia
2008 Beijing
details
Nelson Évora
  Portugal
Phillips Idowu
  Great Britain
Leevan Sands
  Bahamas
2012 London
details
Christian Taylor
  United States
Will Claye
  United States
Fabrizio Donato
  Italy
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Christian Taylor
  United States
Will Claye
  United States
Dong Bin
  China
2020 Tokyo
details
Pedro Pichardo
  Portugal
Zhu Yaming
  China
Hugues Fabrice Zango
  Burkina Faso

Multiple medalistsEdit

Rank Athlete Nation Olympics Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Viktor Saneyev   Soviet Union (URS) 1968–1980 3 1 0 4
2 Myer Prinstein   United States (USA) 1900–1904 2 0 0 2
Adhemar da Silva   Brazil (BRA) 1952–1956 2 0 0 2
Józef Szmidt   Poland (POL) 1960–1964 2 0 0 2
Christian Taylor   United States (USA) 2012–2016 2 0 0 2
6 James Brendan Connolly   United States (USA) 1896–1900 1 1 0 2
Mike Conley, Sr.   United States (USA) 1984–1992 1 1 0 2
Jonathan Edwards   Great Britain (GBR) 1996–2000 1 1 0 2
9 Vilho Tuulos   Finland (FIN) 1920–1928 1 0 2 3
10 Will Claye   United States (USA) 2012–2016 0 2 0 2
11 Nelson Prudencio   Brazil (BRA) 1968–1972 0 1 1 2
12 Erik Almlöf   Sweden (SWE) 1912–1920 0 0 2 2
Vitold Kreyer   Soviet Union (URS) 1956–1960 0 0 2 2
João Carlos de Oliveira   Brazil (BRA) 1976–1980 0 0 2 2

Medalists by countryEdit

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1   United States (USA) 8 8 2 18
2   Soviet Union (URS) 4 5 4 13
3   Sweden (SWE) 3 3 2 8
4   Japan (JPN) 3 1 1 5
5   Great Britain (GBR) 2 2 1 5
6   Brazil (BRA) 2 1 3 6
7   Poland (POL) 2 0 0 2
  Portugal (POR) 2 0 0 2
9   Australia (AUS) 1 1 1 3
10   Finland (FIN) 1 0 2 3
11   Bulgaria (BUL) 1 0 0 1
12   China (CHN) 0 1 1 2
  Cuba (CUB) 0 1 1 2
14   Argentina (ARG) 0 1 0 1
  Canada (CAN) 0 1 0 1
  East Germany (GDR) 0 1 0 1
  France (FRA) 0 1 0 1
  Iceland (ISL) 0 1 0 1
  Romania (ROU) 0 1 0 1
20   Bahamas (BAH) 0 0 2 2
  Italy (ITA) 0 0 2 2
  Russia (RUS) 0 0 2 2
23   Burkina Faso (BUR) 0 0 1 1
  Greece (GRE) 0 0 1 1
  Norway (NOR) 0 0 1 1
  Turkey (TUR) 0 0 1 1
  Venezuela (VEN) 0 0 1 1

WomenEdit

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1996 Atlanta
details
Inessa Kravets
  Ukraine
Inna Lasovskaya
  Russia
Šárka Kašpárková
  Czech Republic
2000 Sydney
details
Tereza Marinova
  Bulgaria
Tatyana Lebedeva
  Russia
Olena Hovorova
  Ukraine
2004 Athens
details
Françoise Mbango Etone
  Cameroon
Hrysopiyí Devetzí
  Greece
Tatyana Lebedeva
  Russia
2008 Beijing
details
Françoise Mbango Etone
  Cameroon
Olga Rypakova
  Kazakhstan
Yargelis Savigne
  Cuba
2012 London
details
Olga Rypakova
  Kazakhstan
Caterine Ibargüen
  Colombia
Olha Saladukha
  Ukraine
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Caterine Ibargüen
  Colombia
Yulimar Rojas
  Venezuela
Olga Rypakova
  Kazakhstan
2020 Tokyo
details
Yulimar Rojas
  Venezuela
Patrícia Mamona
  Portugal
Ana Peleteiro
  Spain

Multiple medalistsEdit

Rank Athlete Nation Olympics Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Françoise Mbango Etone   Cameroon (CMR) 2004–2008 2 0 0 2
2 Olga Rypakova   Kazakhstan (KAZ) 2008–2016 1 1 1 3
3 Caterine Ibargüen   Colombia (COL) 2012–2016 1 1 0 2
4 Yulimar Rojas   Venezuela (VEN) 2016–2020 1 1 0 2
5 Tatyana Lebedeva   Russia (RUS) 2000–2008 0 1 1 2

Medalists by countryEdit

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1   Cameroon (CMR) 2 0 0 2
2   Kazakhstan (KAZ) 1 1 1 3
3   Colombia (COL) 1 1 0 2
4   Venezuela (VEN) 1 1 0 2
5   Ukraine (UKR) 1 0 2 3
6   Bulgaria (BUL) 1 0 0 1
7   Russia (RUS) 0 2 1 3
8   Greece (GRE) 0 1 0 1
9   Portugal (POR) 0 1 0 1
10   Czech Republic (CZE) 0 0 1 1
11   Cuba (CUB) 0 0 1 1
12   Spain (ESP) 0 0 1 1

Standing triple jumpEdit

Standing triple jump
at the Olympic Games
 
Ray Ewry at the 1900 Summer Olympics
Overview
SportAthletics
GenderMen
Years heldMen: 19001904
Olympic record
Men10.58 m Ray Ewry (1900)

In 1900 and 1904 a variation of the event was contested at the Olympics where athletes had to triple jump from a standing position. This was one of three standing jumps to have featured on the Olympic programme, alongside the standing high jump and the standing long jump (both running from 1900 to 1912).[3]

The standing jump competitions were dominated by Ray Ewry, who won the 1900 Olympic standing triple jump title and defended it four years later. His clearance of 10.58 m (34 ft 8+12 in) to win the inaugural competition went unbettered as the Olympic record for the event. Ewry took Olympic three gold medals in standing jumps in both 1900 and 1904, then won the standing high and long jumps at the 1908 Olympics, as well as the 1906 Intercalated Games.[4]

Standing jump events had been a relatively common type of athletics event at the end of the 19th century, but became increasingly rare at top level national and international competitions as the 20th century progressed.[4] The standing triple jump was the least common of the standing jumps and the Olympics remains the only major international competition to have featured the event.

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1900 Paris
details
  Ray Ewry (USA)   Irving Baxter (USA)   Robert Garrett (USA)
1904 St. Louis
details
  Ray Ewry (USA)   Charles King (USA)   Joseph Stadler (USA)

ReferencesEdit

Participation and athlete data
Olympic record progressions
Specific
  1. ^ Athletics at the 1968 Ciudad de México Summer Games: Men's Triple Jump. Sports Reference. Retrieved on 2014-05-11.
  2. ^ James B. Connolly. Sports Reference. Retrieved on 2014-05-11.
  3. ^ Athletics Men's Standing Triple Jump Medalists. Sports Reference. Retrieved on 2014-05-07.
  4. ^ a b Ray Ewry. Sports Reference. Retrieved on 2014-05-07.

External linksEdit