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Trinidad and Tobago literature has its roots in oral storytelling among African slaves, the European literary roots of the French creoles and in the religious and folk tales of the Indian indentured immigrants. It blossomed in the 20th century with the writings of C.L.R. James, V.S. Naipaul and Saint Lucian-born Derek Walcott as part of the growth of West Indian literature.


One of the earliest works in the Anglophone Caribbean literature was Jean-Baptiste Philippe's 1824 work, Free Mulatto.[1] Michel Maxwell Philip's 1854 work, Emmanuel Appadocca: A Tale of the Boucaneers, is considered[by whom?] the country's first novel.

Notable writersEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Gerard Besson, "J.B. Philippe", The Caribbean History Archives, Paria Publishing Co. Ltd, 10 August 2011.