Triaria (1st-century) was a Roman woman, the second wife of Lucius Vitellius the Younger (the brother of emperor Aulus Vitellius).

She is mentioned on the funeral monument of her favourite slavewoman, Tyrannis, in Tibur:[1]

According to Tacitus, when former praetor Marcus Plancius Varus implied treasonable behaviour by Dolabella, she terrified the City Prefect, Titus Flavius Sabinus, warning him not to seek a reputation for clemency by endangering the Emperor.[2][3]

She was accused of wearing a soldier's sword and behaving with insolent cruelty after the capture of the town of Tarracina.[4]

In On Famous Women, Boccaccio praised Triaria for her bravery. [5][6][7] An early French manuscript of this work[8] contains a plate f. 63v (captioned "Miniature showing a bloody slaughter inside a walled city, with Triaria prominent among the wounded warriors.") which may refer to the sack of Tarracina.

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  1. ^ CIL XIV, 3661.
  2. ^ Crime and Punishment in Ancient Rome, Richard A Bauman, Routledge, 2005, ISBN 0-415-11375-X, p86
  3. ^ The Histories, Gaius Cornelius Tacitus, Oxford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-19-283958-6, p94.
  4. ^ ibid p164.
  5. ^ De claris mulieribus, Giovanni Boccaccio, trans. as Famous Women by Virginia Brown, Harvard University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-674-00347-0, Ch 94.
  6. ^ De las mujeres illustres en romance, Johan Boccaccio, Zaragoza, Paulo Hurus, Alemán de Constancia, 1494.
  7. ^ Original Boccaccio text (in Latin)
  8. ^ Des cleres et nobles femmes, ca. 1450, Spencer Collection Ms. 033, NYPL

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