Trenton Central High School

Trenton Central High School is a four-year comprehensive public high school that serves students in ninth through twelfth grades from Trenton, in Mercer County, in the U.S. state of New Jersey, operating as part of the Trenton Public Schools.

Trenton Central High School
400 Chambers Street

, ,

United States
Coordinates40°13′08″N 74°44′39″W / 40.218986°N 74.744269°W / 40.218986; -74.744269
TypePublic high school
School districtTrenton Public Schools
NCES School ID341629003200[1]
PrincipalHope Grant
Faculty160.7 FTEs[1]
Enrollment2,089 (as of 2021–22)[1]
Student to teacher ratio13.0:1[1]
Color(s)  Black and
Athletics conferenceColonial Valley Conference (general)
West Jersey Football League (football)
Team nameTornadoes[2]

As of the 2021–22 school year, the school had an enrollment of 2,089 students and 160.7 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.0:1. There were 824 students (39.4% of enrollment) eligible for free lunch and 18 (0.9% of students) eligible for reduced-cost lunch.[1]

Trenton Central High School was the focus of a research study aimed at preventing obesity in students, in which student evaluations of the results played a major role in interpretation of the outcomes.[3]

Awards, recognition and rankings edit

The school was the 333rd-ranked public high school in New Jersey out of 339 schools statewide in New Jersey Monthly magazine's September 2014 cover story on the state's "Top Public High Schools", using a new ranking methodology.[4] ranked the school 372nd out of 381 public high schools statewide in its 2011 rankings (a decrease of 14 positions from the 2010 ranking) which were based on the combined percentage of students classified as proficient or above proficient on the mathematics (22.9%) and language arts literacy (60.2%) components of the High School Proficiency Assessment (HSPA).[5]

History edit

In the late 1920s the Trenton Board of Education acquired one of the last undeveloped tracts in the city: the 36-acre (150,000 m2) Chambers Farm, then used as a nursery. The new high school would be the city's third, replacing the then existing high school at Chestnut and Hamilton Avenues built in 1900, which in turn replaced the first high school on Mercer Street built in 1874.

Trenton Central High School (TCHS) opened on January 4, 1932, and was dedicated on January 18 at ceremonies attended by 5,000 people. Hailed as "an ornament to the city" and "one of the show places of Trenton," TCHS was one of the largest and most expensive high schools built in the country. The Chambers Street façade stretches for almost 1,000 feet (300 m), nearly as long as the Empire State Building is tall. The cost of the building, including land and furniture, totaled $3.3 million (equivalent to $70.8 million in 2022). Most firms involved in the construction were based in Trenton, including John A. Roebling's Sons who provided "Jersey" wire lath to fireproof the ceilings and walls. After over 80 years, the 1932 building was demolished, and replaced by a new school building opening in September 2019.

Academics edit

Trenton Central High School is divided into Small Learning Communities (SLCs) that span across three separate sites throughout the city of Trenton. The Chambers Campus, located on Chambers Street, houses five communities: Applied Science and Engineering, Media Technology, Performing Arts, Hotel, Restaurant and Tourism, and Business, Computer, Technology Design. The North Campus is located on N. Clinton Avenue and is home to the Medical Arts community. The West Campus sits on West State Street in the building that was formerly the home of the Arthur J. Holland Middle School. Three communities reside there: Law and Justice, Renaissance, and Business and Finance.

Athletics edit

The Trenton Central High School Tornadoes[2] compete in the Colonial Valley Conference, which is comprised of public and private high schools in Mercer, Middlesex and Monmouth counties, operating under the supervision of the New Jersey State Interscholastic Athletic Association (NJSIAA).[6] With 2,424 students in grades 10-12, the school was classified by the NJSIAA for the 2019–20 school year as Group IV for most athletic competition purposes, which included schools with an enrollment of 1,060 to 5,049 students in that grade range.[7] The football team competes in the Capitol Division of the 94-team West Jersey Football League superconference[8][9] and was classified by the NJSIAA as Group V South for football for 2022–2024, which included schools with 1,315 to 2,466 students.[10]

The boys' basketball team has won seven Group IV state titles: in 1927 vs. Passaic High School, in 1928 vs. New Brunswick High School, in both 1932 and 1933 vs. South Side High School (since renamed as Malcolm X Shabazz High School), in 1934 vs. Union Hill High School, in 1935 vs. New Brunswick High School and in 1961 vs. Camden High School.[11] The 1927 team won the state championship in Class A (since recategorized as Group IV) after defeating a Passaic High School team that had won five of the previous seven state finals and came into the tournament with a 23-game winning streak.[12] A crowd of 4,000 spectators at Rutgers University saw the team win the 1933 Group IV title with a 31-17 defeat of South Side in the playoff finals.[13] The 1935 team won the program's fourth consecutive Group IV state title by defeating Morristown High School in the semifinals and knocking off New Brunswick by a score of 20-14 in the championship game.[14] A crowd of more than 3,000 watched at Rutgers University as the 1961 team, led by Tal Brody, won the Group IV state championship and finished with a 24–0 record for the season after a 66-55 win against two-time defending champion Camden in the tournament finals.[15] Brody was selected to the first team Newark Star-Ledger All-State Team. Brody, though later drafted # 12 in the NBA draft, passed up an NBA career to play in Israel.[16][17][18] The team won the Central Jersey Group IV sectional championship in 2003 with a 54–40 win over Old Bridge High School.[19]

The boys' cross country team won the all groups state championship in 1941, 1942 and 1945.[20]

The boys' soccer team was awarded the Group IV state championship in 1946 and 1949, and won the Group IV state championship in 1961 (vs. Bloomfield High School), 1963 (vs. Teaneck High School) and 1964 (vs. East Side High School).[21]

The baseball team won the Central Jersey Group IV state sectional championship in 1962, 1964 and 1965, and won the South Jersey Group IV title in 1965.[22]

The boys' track team won the Group IV indoor relay state championship in 1977–1979, 1981 (as co-champion with Plainfield High School), 1984, 1986 (as co-champion with Edgewood Regional High School), 2007, 2008 (as co-champion with Hillsborough High School) and 2012; the program's seven state titles are tied for fourth-most in the state. The girls' team won the Group IV title in 2000–2002.[23]

The boys track team won the winter track Meet of Champions in 1977 and 1978.[24]

The girls' basketball team won the Group IV state championships in 2002 vs. Morristown High School, in 2007 vs. Eastside High School and in 2008 vs. John F. Kennedy High School.[25] The team won the 2007 Central Jersey Group IV state sectional title with a 51–24 win against Howell High School.[26] The team moved on to win the 2007 Group IV state championship, defeating Eastside High School 52-44 for the title.[27]

Extracurricular activities edit

The Tornadoes 381 FIRST robotics team, from the Applied Engineering & Science Academy, is sponsored by Bristol Myers Squibb, Sarnoff Corporation and Princeton University. The Team 381 Tornadoes were the 2004 Philadelphia Regional Winner in the FIRST Robotics Competition.[28] In 2008, the Tornados became the Trenton Regional Winners.

The school includes a military program called United States Army ROTC (Reserve Officers Training Corps).

Administration edit

The school's principal is Hope Grant. Her core administration team includes five vice principals.[29]

Notable faculty edit

  • Joey Fink (born 1951), former professional soccer player, now teaching health and phys ed.[30]

Notable alumni edit

Tal Brody

References edit

  1. ^ a b c d e School data for Trenton Central High School - Main Campus, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 1, 2022.
  2. ^ a b c Trenton Central High School, New Jersey State Interscholastic Athletic Association. Accessed October 20, 2020.
  3. ^ The Trenton Central High School Obesity Prevention Project: Encouraging Democracy Through Inclusion. Accessed November 13, 2006.
  4. ^ Staff. "Top Schools Alphabetical List 2014", New Jersey Monthly, September 2, 2014. Accessed September 5, 2014.
  5. ^ School Overview; Click on "Rankings" for 2010-11 HSPA results, Accessed June 14, 2012.
  6. ^ League & Conference Officers/Affiliated Schools 2020-2021, New Jersey State Interscholastic Athletic Association. Accessed October 20, 2020.
  7. ^ NJSIAA General Public School Classifications 2019–2020, New Jersey State Interscholastic Athletic Association. Accessed November 20, 2020.
  8. ^ Trenton Tornadoes, West Jersey Football League. Accessed May 1, 2023.
  9. ^ Home Page, West Jersey Football League. Accessed May 1, 2023. "The WJFL is a 94-school super conference that stretches from Princeton to Wildwood encompassing schools from the Colonial Valley Conference, the Burlington County Scholastic League, the Olympic Conference, the Tri-County Conference, the Colonial Conference, and the Cape Atlantic League. The WJFL is made up of sixteen divisions with divisional alignments based on school size, geography and a strength-of-program component."
  10. ^ NJSIAA Football Public School Classifications 2022–2024, New Jersey State Interscholastic Athletic Association. Accessed May 1, 2023.
  11. ^ NJSIAA Boys Basketball Championship History, New Jersey State Interscholastic Athletic Association. Accessed September 1, 2022.
  12. ^ "Trenton Five Wins New Jersey Title; Passaic High Loses, 39-30, After Long Reign as State Class A Monarch. Late Spurt Unavailing; Heavy Early Scoring Decisive Factor -- Ridgefield Park Class B Champion.", The New York Times, March 20, 1927. Accessed February 23, 2021. "Passaic High School, for long the monarch of high school basketball in New Jersey, tumbled from its loft in Jersey City yesterday at the Fourth Regiment Armory, being subdued, 39 -- 30, in the final round of the annual State Class A High School Tournament by Trenton High. In winning, the capital city annexed the State title for the first time in the nine years that the championship play has been conducted by the New Jersey State Interscholastic Athletic Association, although each year advancing to the semi-finals or finals before being eliminated. Passaic's record prior to this tussle numbered twenty-three consecutive triumphs this season."
  13. ^ "New Jersey Title To Trenton Five; Tops Newark South Side High in Final, 31-17 -- St. Benedict's Prep Wins.", The New York Times, March 19, 1933. Accessed February 27, 2021. "Trenton retained the Class A high school basketball championship of the New Jersey State Interscholastic Athletic Association by defeating South Side of Newark, 31 to 17, in the Rutgers gymnasium tonight as 4,000 looked on. Under the new classification, which went into effect this year, the Class A high school event was designated as the Class 4 competition."
  14. ^ McMahon, Art. "St. Mary's Triumphs in Group 2 Prep Ranks Provides Big Thrill; Bergenites Behind by Five Points with One Minute to Go, Win from St. Peter's in Overtime, 32-31 -- Bill Shea Is Star; Bogota, Pennington, Hamilton Champions", Herald News, March 18, 1935. Accessed February 19, 2021, via "The story of Trenton a brave fight to retain the Group 4 high school championship, is like a page from the Rover Boys' adventures.... But retain it they did, whipping Morristown Saturday night in the semi-final and bluffing New Brunswick into submission Saturday night In the final 20-14.... It was Trenton's fourth straight title and sixth since the tournament series was launched in 1919. It beats Passaic's six-time mark and establishes the Capital City as the leading basketball center of the State."
  15. ^ Carty, Jack. "Trenton New State Group 4 Champion, But Alfano Feels Camden Should Be; Cold Second Half Costs Locals In 66-55 Thriller at Rutgers", Courier-Post, March 20, 1961. Accessed March 4, 2021, via "The City of Camden must settle down today to face reality and accept the fact it no longer can claim scholastic basketball superiority in the State of New Jersey. That dynasty, which dominated the Garden State for the better part of three seasons, tumbled, but far from crumbled Saturday night when Trenton Central High School relieved defending champion Camden High of the Group 4 mantle during a 66-55 thriller in Rutgers University gymnasium, New Brunswick."
  16. ^ Staff. "Tal Brody returns to basketball home, A Trenton High star who became a star in Israel leads students on a U.S. exhibition tour.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, October 13, 2006. Accessed June 3, 2016.
  17. ^ Staff. "NBA Takes Back Seat to Nationalism for Maccabi's Brody", Los Angeles Daily News, October 4, 1990. Accessed February 7, 2017. "When Tal Brody was just 10 years old he spent much of his time bouncing a basketball around the Trenton, N.J., Community Center. Now, some years later, he is known as Mr. Basketball in Israel. In between? He was a member of Trenton Central High's undefeated state champions, and an all-star."
  18. ^ Hoffman, Gil. "Tal Brody, basketball superstar, wants to lead Likud to victory", New Jersey Jewish News, August 30, 2007. Accessed February 7, 2017. "When they played a game at Princeton University, Brody received a surprise visit from his Trenton Central High School basketball coach Fred Price (Brody's team when he was a senior in 1961 had a 24-0 record, winning the NJ high school championship)."
  19. ^ 2003 Boys Basketball – Central, Group IV, New Jersey State Interscholastic Athletic Association. Accessed May 30, 2007.
  20. ^ NJSIAA Girls Cross Country State Group Champions, New Jersey State Interscholastic Athletic Association. Accessed May 1, 2023.
  21. ^ NJSIAA History of Boys Soccer, New Jersey State Interscholastic Athletic Association. Accessed May 1, 2023.
  22. ^ NJSIAA Baseball Championship History, New Jersey State Interscholastic Athletic Association. Accessed May 1, 2023.
  23. ^ History of the NJSIAA Indoor Relay Championships, New Jersey State Interscholastic Athletic Association. Accessed December 1, 2020.
  24. ^ NJSIAA Winter Track Previous Team Meet of Champions, New Jersey State Interscholastic Athletic Association. Accessed November 20, 2020.
  25. ^ NJSIAA Girls Basketball Championship History, New Jersey State Interscholastic Athletic Association. Accessed November 20, 2020.
  26. ^ 2007 Girls Basketball – Central, Group IV, New Jersey State Interscholastic Athletic Association. Accessed July 24, 2007.
  27. ^ 2007 Girls Basketball – Public Group Semis/Finals, New Jersey State Interscholastic Athletic Association, May 9, 2007.
  28. ^ Tornadoes 381 Archived September 26, 2006, at the Wayback Machine. Accessed November 13, 2006.
  29. ^ Leadership Team, Trenton Central High School. Accessed January 26, 2020.
  30. ^ Tarr, Mary Ann. "'Mooch' soccer has big plans for Trenton", The Times, June 27, 2007. Accessed July 27, 2007. "Fink is a health, physical education and driver's ed teacher at Trenton High School's campus on North Clinton Avenue.
  31. ^ Ndidi Amutah, Rutgers School of Arts and Sciences - Rutgers Oral History Archives. Accessed May 18, 2022. "Ndidi Amutah was born in Trenton, New Jersey in 1981 to Nigerian parents. Dr. Amutah grew up in Trenton and graduated from Trenton Central High School in 1999."
  32. ^ Livingston, Guy. "George Antheil's Childhood in Trenton", Neue Zeitschrift für Musik, September 2001. Accessed May 6, 2008. "In the winter of 1918, George flunked out of Trenton Central High School in the midst of his Senior year."
  33. ^ Johnson, Eric A.; and Hermann, Anna. "The Last Flight From Tallinn" Archived August 1, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, Foreign Service Journal, May 2007. Accessed August 1, 2019. "Henry Antheil Jr. was born in 1912 in Trenton, N.J., one of four children to Henry William Antheil, owner of a shoe store, and his wife Wilhemine Huse, both Lutheran immigrants from Germany.... We do know that Henry enrolled at Rutgers University in the fall of 1931, after graduating from Trenton Central High School, where he studied German and served as vice president of the public speaking club."
  34. ^ Horvitz, Peter S.; and Horvitz, Joachim. "The Big Book of Jewish Baseball: An Illustrated Encyclopedia & Anecdotal History", p. 27. SP Books, 2001. ISBN 1-56171-973-0. Accessed January 22, 2011.
  35. ^ Elvin Bethea Archived September 30, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, database Football. Accessed November 26, 2007.
  36. ^ "Mike Bloom: Unheralded Trenton Basketball Player", Trenton Jewish Historical Society, July 27, 2016. Accessed August 1, 2019. "He led Trenton Central High School to three state championships (1932-1934)."
  37. ^ Manual of the Legislature of New Jersey, Volume 202, Part 2, p. 253. E.J. Mullin, 1987. Accessed December 6, 2022. "Joseph L. Bocchini Jr., Dem., Hamilton - Assemblyman Bocchini was born in Trenton June 26, 1944. After graduation from Trenton Central High School in 1962 he attended Murray State University in Kentucky, where he graduated with a degree in education in 1967."
  38. ^ Staff. "Tal Brody returns to basketball home, A Trenton High star who became a star in Israel leads students on a U.S. exhibition tour.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, October 13, 2006. Accessed January 25, 2011.
  39. ^ Franko, Kyle. "Trenton native and Penn State football star Ji'Ayir Brown determined to show capital city kids anything is possible", The Trentonian, July 29, 2022.Accessed October 12, 2022."It’s been quite the rise for the former Trenton High star after a breakout season last fall at Penn State in which he became the first player in that program’s storied history to have six interceptions in a season since 2006."
  40. ^ a b c Modica, Glenn R. "Trenton High past and present", Trenton Downtowner, April 2005. Accessed May 6, 2008. "TCHS has had no shortage of famous alumni who could fill the niches, including composer and pianist George Antheil, tenor Richard Crooks and baseball players George Case and Al Downing."
  41. ^ Porter, David L. Biographical Dictionary of American Sports: A-F, p. 230. Greenwood Publishing Group, 2000. ISBN 9780313311741. Accessed August 1, 2019. "Case, George Washington, Jr.... His older half brother, William Clifford, encouraged him to participate in basketball and baseball at Trenton Central High School and Peddie School, where he graduated in 1936."
  42. ^ Trenton Olympians, Trenton City Museum. Accessed August 17, 2022. "Albert Cooper was born in Trenton. A 1921 graduate of Trenton High School, he was the first Trenton resident to be selected and compete in the Olympics."
  43. ^ Maloney, Kevin. "Trenton grad Crook had historic 4-HR day for Gloucester County College", The Times, April 13, 2013. Accessed July 3, 2022. "Last Tuesday morning didn’t get off to an ideal start for Narciso Crook. 'I had just gotten the flu,' Crook, a 2012 Trenton High graduate, said."
  44. ^ Kelly, Jacques. "Mathias J. DeVito, former Rouse Co. leader, dies", The Baltimore Sun, July 29, 2019. Accessed August 1, 2019. "He was a 1948 graduate of Trenton Central High School and earned an English degree at the University of Maryland, College Park."
  45. ^ Cheers, D. Michael. "Mayor of 'The Big Apple': 'nice guy' image helps David N. Dinkins in building multi-ethnic, multiracial coalition – New York City", Ebony, February 1990. Accessed September 4, 2008. "Known affectionately as 'Dink' while growing up, Dinkins was class president (1943) at Trenton High School and graduated in the top 10 of his class, where he studied Latin and advanced math."
  46. ^ John David Easton '55, Princeton Alumni Weekly. Accessed August 1, 2019. "John Easton died of melanoma July 28, 2001, at the Medical Center in Princeton. Born in Trenton, he was a longtime Hopewell Township resident. John came to Princeton from Trenton Central HS, where he was an outstanding athlete and active in student government."
  47. ^ Fisher, Rich. "Grant and Bannon remember historic run", The Trentonian, January 16, 2014. Accessed April 6, 2016. "Grant enjoyed a successful career at TCHS and then went to play at Morris Brown College in Atlanta."
  48. ^ Mel Groomes, Accessed August 1, 2019. "High School: Trenton Central (NJ)"
  49. ^ via Associated Press. "Harry Heher, Ex‐Jersey Justice And Democratic Chairman, Dies", The New York Times, October 19, 1972. Accessed Aigist 1, 2019. "Mr. Heher achieved his post on the state's high court without attending law school. He graduated from Trenton High School in 1907, and, as was the practice then, read law with a Trenton lawyer instead of attending law school."
  50. ^ Holt, Bob. "Security for Jay-Z and Beyonce's baby, Blue Ivy Carter, upset hospital visitors",, January 9, 2012. Accessed July 26, 2012. "She and Jay-Z, who went to Trenton Central High School in his youth, rented out Lenox Hill's whole fourth floor at a cost of $1.3 million."
  51. ^ "Michael Joseph Kearns '51". Princeton Alumni Review. March 17, 2009. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
  52. ^ Laurie, Maxine N.; and Mappen, Marc; Encyclopedia of New Jersey: Rutgers University Press; 2004/2005. "Kovacs, Ernest Edward", p. 444.
  53. ^ Piehler, Kurt; and Marley, Lynn. Kroesen, Frederick, Rutgers University Oral History Archives, March 16, 1998. Accessed May 4, 2020. "When I was ten-years-old, we moved to Eggerts Road in, what is now, Lawrenceville.... I was in Trenton Central High School, as a senior, and she came as a sophomore that year. We only had three grades in Trenton High, in those days."
  54. ^ Pace, Eric. "Joseph Merlino, 76, Trenton Political Figure", The New York Times, October 9, 1998. Accessed August 1, 2019. "But the burly, cigar-loving Mr. Merlino was modest about his skills. 'I was the best D student to graduate from Trenton High School,' he claimed in a widely quoted interview two decades ago."
  55. ^ Athling Mu, United States national track and field team. Accessed August 17, 2022. "Birthplace: Trenton, N.J.; Hometown: Trenton, N.J.; High School: Trenton Central High School (Trenton, N.J.) ‘20"
  56. ^ Fleming, John. "Gentlemen of the Old School". Gladly Lerne, Gladly Teche. Retrieved April 13, 2011.
  57. ^ Trenton Olympians, Trenton City Museum. Accessed August 17, 2022. "George Nemchik was born in Superior, PA and graduated in 1932 from Trenton High School where he was a star athlete."
  58. ^ Johnson, Greg. "Trenton Central grad Keith Newell returns to Sun National Bank Center with Philadelphia Soul", The Trentonian, June 9, 2016. Accessed August 1, 2019. "The nostalgia washes over Keith Newell as he paces the turf on the floor of Sun National Bank Center, completing a two-hour walkthrough with the Arena Football League’s Philadelphia Soul.... Newell graduated Trenton Central High School here in 2007, back when it was still called Sovereign Bank Arena."
  59. ^ Trenton Olympians, Trenton City Museum. Accessed August 17, 2022. "Gail Peters was born in Trenton and graduated in 1947 from Trenton High School where she was co-captain of the girls' swimming team and a NJ state champion."
  60. ^ Johnson, Brent. "Meet N.J.'s newest Assembly member", NJ Advance Media for, February 15, 2018. Accessed February 15, 2018. "Reynolds-Jackson is a graduate of Trenton Central High School and has a bachelor's degree in sociology from Trenton State College -- now the College of New Jersey -- and a master's degree in administration from Central Michigan University."
  61. ^ Sido L. Ridolfi '36, Princeton Alumni Weekly, October 6, 2004, backed up by the Internet Archive as of August 3, 2010. Accessed August 1, 2019. "A graduate of Trenton [N.J.] Senior High School, he majored in politics at Princeton and played on the freshman and varsity basketball teams."
  62. ^ Manual of the Legislature of New Jersey, 1956, p. 381. Accessed August 1, 2019. "Sido L. Ridolfi (Dem., Trenton, N. J.) Senator Ridolfi was born in Trenton, September 28, 1913. He is a graduate of Trenton Senior High School, Princeton University, and Harvard Law School."
  63. ^ 56 - Almondo Sewell Archived September 19, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, Akron Zips football. Accessed November 24, 2014.
  64. ^ "Ntozake Shange", The Spotlight, October 2013. Accessed April 6, 2016. "By age 13, her family returned to New Jersey where she graduated from Trenton Central High School."
  65. ^ Aubrey, Dan. "In Memoriam: Ntozake Shange", Princeton Info, October 31, 2018. Accessed May 7, 2020. "She graduated from Trenton Central High School in 1966 and received degrees from Barnard College and the University of Southern California."
  66. ^ Smith, Lanny; and Capps, Linnea. "An interview with Dr. Vic Sidel", Social Medicine, Volume 7, Number 3, October 2013. Accessed February 1, 2018. "Graduates went on to Trenton Central High School, which had a class size of 3000. My main recollection of high school was graduation.... In my speech I talked about a $10,000 home, which in 1949 was an impossible dream."
  67. ^ Alton Sutnick Collection, Drexel University College of Medicine. Accessed November 25, 2015. "Marching band letters from Trenton High School and University of Pennsylvania"
  68. ^ Alphonso Taylor, Accessed August 1, 2019. "High School: Central (Trenton, NJ)"
  69. ^ Dantouma Toure, Accessed July 20, 2020. "High School: Trenton Central; Region: New Jersey; City: Trenton; State: New Jersey"
  70. ^ Miller, Wiliam J. "Lindo Of Jefferson Nears Mark For 600", The New York Times, March 9, 1986. Accessed April 6, 2016. "Wendy Vereen of Trenton Central in New Jersey holds the national indoor record at 38.79 seconds."

External links edit