Open main menu

Tremont is a residential neighborhood in the West Bronx, New York City. Its boundaries are East 181st Street to the north, Third Avenue to the east, the Cross-Bronx Expressway to the south, and the Grand Concourse to the west. East Tremont Avenue is the primary thoroughfare through Tremont.

Tremont
The Grand Concourse runs through the neighborhood.
The Grand Concourse runs through the neighborhood.
Location in New York City
Coordinates: 40°51′00″N 73°54′22″W / 40.85°N 73.906°W / 40.85; -73.906Coordinates: 40°51′00″N 73°54′22″W / 40.85°N 73.906°W / 40.85; -73.906
Country United States
State New York
CityNew York City
BoroughThe Bronx
Area
 • Total0.78 km2 (0.301 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total24,739
 • Density32,000/km2 (82,000/sq mi)
Economics
 • Median income$26,290
Ethnicity[2]
 • Hispanic67.5%
 • Black27.1%
 • White1.3%
 • Asian2%
 • Others2.1%
ZIP codes
10453, 10457
Area code718, 347, 929, and 917

The neighborhood is part of Bronx Community Board 6, and its ZIP Codes include 10453 and 10457. The local subway is the IND Concourse Line (B and ​D trains), operating along the Grand Concourse. The area is patrolled by the NYPD's 48th Precinct.[3]

Contents

DemographicsEdit

Tremont has a population of around 24,739. The neighborhood is now predominantly Dominican, with a significant longstanding Puerto Rican and African American population.[1][4]

The entirety of Community District 6, which comprises Tremont and Belmont, had 87,476 inhabitants as of NYC Health's 2018 Community Health Profile, with an average life expectancy of 77.7 years.[5]:2, 20 This is lower than the median life expectancy of 81.2 for all New York City neighborhoods.[6]:53 (PDF p. 84)[7] Most inhabitants are youth and middle-aged adults: 29% are between the ages of between 0–17, 28% between 25–44, and 20% between 45–64. The ratio of college-aged and elderly residents was lower, at 14% and 9% respectively.[5]:2

As of 2017, the median household income in Community Districts 3 and 6, including Crotona Park East and Morrisania, was $25,972.[8] In 2018, an estimated 31% of Tremont and Belmont residents lived in poverty, compared to 25% in all of the Bronx and 20% in all of New York City. One in six residents (16%) were unemployed, compared to 13% in the Bronx and 9% in New York City. Rent burden, or the percentage of residents who have difficulty paying their rent, is 60% in Tremont and Belmont, compared to the boroughwide and citywide rates of 58% and 51% respectively. Based on this calculation, as of 2018, Tremont and Belmont are gentrifying.[5]:7

EtymologyEdit

Rather than having come from a colonial settlement, the name "Tremont" was invented by a postmaster in the 1800s, derived from the three ("tre") neighborhoods of Mount Eden, Mount Hope, and Fairmount in the west-central Bronx.[9]

Land use and terrainEdit

 
Looking east across Grand Concourse at former Tremont Temple, now First Union Baptist Church

Tremont is dominated by 5 and 6-story apartment houses. The total land area is less than 1-square-mile (2.6 km2). The area is elevated above adjacent areas and is very hilly. Stair streets connect areas located at different elevations.

Morris Avenue Historic DistrictEdit

The landmarked Morris Avenue Historic District lines Morris Avenue between East Tremont and East 179th Street. The district consists of attached brownstones.[10][11]

Police and crimeEdit

Tremont and Belmont are patrolled by the 48th Precinct of the NYPD, located at 450 Cross Bronx Expressway.[3] The 48th Precinct ranked 56th safest out of 69 patrol areas for per-capita crime in 2010.[12] With a non-fatal assault rate of 152 per 100,000 people, Tremont and Belmont's rate of violent crimes per capita is greater than that of the city as a whole. The incarceration rate of 1,015 per 100,000 people is higher than that of the city as a whole.[5]:8

The 48th Precinct has a lower crime rate than in the 1990s, with crimes across all categories having decreased by 71.7% between 1990 and 2018. The precinct saw 11 murders, 29 rapes, 276 robberies, 396 felony assaults, 182 burglaries, 424 grand larcenies, and 76 grand larcenies auto in 2018.[13]

Fire safetyEdit

Tremont contains two New York City Fire Department (FDNY) fire stations:[14]

  • Engine Co. 42 – 1781 Monroe Avenue[15]
  • Engine Co. 46/Ladder Co. 27 – 460 Cross Bronx Expressway[16]

HealthEdit

Preterm and teenage births are more common in Tremont and Belmont than in other places citywide. In Tremont and Belmont, there were 113 preterm births per 1,000 live births (compared to 87 per 1,000 citywide), and 30.4 teenage births per 1,000 live births (compared to 19.3 per 1,000 citywide).[5]:11 Tremont and Belmont has a relatively average population of residents who are uninsured. In 2018, this population of uninsured residents was estimated to be 12%, equal to the citywide rate of 12%.[5]:14

The concentration of fine particulate matter, the deadliest type of air pollutant, in Tremont and Belmont is 0.008 milligrams per cubic metre (8.0×10−9 oz/cu ft), more than the city average.[5]:9 Sixteen percent of Tremont and Belmont residents are smokers, which is higher than the city average of 14% of residents being smokers.[5]:13 In Tremont and Belmont, 36% of residents are obese, 22% are diabetic, and 32% have high blood pressure—compared to the citywide averages of 24%, 11%, and 28% respectively.[5]:16 In addition, 20% of children are obese, compared to the citywide average of 20%.[5]:12

Eighty-one percent of residents eat some fruits and vegetables every day, which is less than the city's average of 87%. In 2018, 69% of residents described their health as "good," "very good," or "excellent," lower than the city's average of 78%.[5]:13 For every supermarket in Tremont and Belmont, there are 37 bodegas.[5]:10

The nearest hospitals are St Barnabas Hospital in Belmont and Bronx-Lebanon Hospital Center in Claremont.[17]

Post office and ZIP codeEdit

 
Post office

Tremont is covered by the ZIP Code 10457.[18] The United States Postal Service operates the Tremont Station at 757 East Tremont Avenue.[19]

EducationEdit

Tremont and Belmont generally have a lower rate of college-educated residents than the rest of the city. While 19% of residents age 25 and older have a college education or higher, 36% have less than a high school education and 45% are high school graduates or have some college education. By contrast, 26% of Bronx residents and 43% of city residents have a college education or higher.[5]:6 The percentage of Tremont and Belmont students excelling in math rose from 19% in 2000 to 44% in 2011, and reading achievement increased from 25% to 30% during the same time period.[20]

Tremont and Belmont's rate of elementary school student absenteeism is more than the rest of New York City. In Tremont and Belmont, 35% of elementary school students missed twenty or more days per school year, higher than the citywide average of 20%.[6]:24 (PDF p. 55)[5]:6 Additionally, 61% of high school students in Tremont and Belmont graduate on time, lower than the citywide average of 75%.[5]:6

SchoolsEdit

Public:

  • PS 9: Ryer (East 183rd Street and Ryer Avenue)
  • PS 28: Mount Hope (Mount Hope Place and Anthony Avenue)
  • PS 79: Creston (East 181st Street and Creston Avenue)
  • PS 163: Arthur Alonso Schomburg (East 180th Street and Webster Avenue)
  • PS 173: (Walton Avenue and Mount Hope Place)
  • PS/MS 279: Captain Manuel Rivera (East 181st Street and Walton Avenue)
  • MS 117: Joseph H. Wade (East 176th Street and Morris Avenue)
  • MS 331: The Bronx School of Science Inquiry and Investigation (West Tremont Avenue and Davidson Avenue)
  • MS 391: Angelo Patri (East 182nd Street and Webster Avenue)
  • PS 70: Max Schonberg School (Weeks Avenue bet. E. 173rd and E. 174th Streets)

Parochial:

  • St. Margaret Mary School (121 East and 177th Street)[21]

LibrariesEdit

The New York Public Library operates the Tremont branch at 1866 Washington Avenue. The branch, a Carnegie library designed by Carrère and Hastings in the Italian Renaissance style, was opened in 1905.[22] Another branch, the Grand Concourse branch, is located at 155 East 173rd Street. The branch is a two-story structure that opened in 1959.[23]

TransportationEdit

The following MTA Regional Bus Operations bus routes serve Tremont:[24]

The following New York City Subway stations serve Tremont:[25]

The Metro-North Railroad's Harlem Line also serves Tremont at the Tremont station.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Mount Hope neighborhood in New York". Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  2. ^ "Center for Urban Research". Archived from the original on 13 October 2015. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  3. ^ a b "NYPD – 48th Precinct". www.nyc.gov. New York City Police Department. Retrieved October 3, 2016.
  4. ^ "Bronx Community District 5" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Belmont and East Tremont (Including Bathgate, Belmont, Bronx Park South, East Tremont and West Farms)" (PDF). nyc.gov. NYC Health. 2018. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  6. ^ a b "2016-2018 Community Health Assessment and Community Health Improvement Plan: Take Care New York 2020" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. 2016. Retrieved September 8, 2017.
  7. ^ "New Yorkers are living longer, happier and healthier lives". New York Post. June 4, 2017. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
  8. ^ "NYC-Bronx Community District 3 & 6--Belmont, Crotona Park East & East Tremont PUMA, NY". Census Reporter. Retrieved July 17, 2018.
  9. ^ "Tremont Park". Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  10. ^ Morris Avenue Historic District
  11. ^ "Morris Avenue Historic District Designation Report" (PDF). Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  12. ^ "Belmont and Bathgate, East Tremont – DNAinfo.com Crime and Safety Report". www.dnainfo.com. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
  13. ^ "48th Precinct CompStat Report" (PDF). www.nyc.gov. New York City Police Department. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
  14. ^ "FDNY Firehouse Listing – Location of Firehouses and companies". NYC Open Data; Socrata. New York City Fire Department. September 10, 2018. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  15. ^ "Engine Company 42". FDNYtrucks.com. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  16. ^ "Engine Company 46/Ladder Company 27". FDNYtrucks.com. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  17. ^ "Best 30 Hospitals in Bronx, NY with Reviews". Yellow Pages. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  18. ^ "Tremont, New York City-Bronx, New York Zip Code Boundary Map (NY)". United States Zip Code Boundary Map (USA). Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  19. ^ "Location Details: Tremont". USPS.com. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
  20. ^ "Tremont and Belmont – BX 06" (PDF). Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy. 2011. Retrieved October 5, 2016.
  21. ^ "St. Margaret Mary". Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  22. ^ "About the Tremont Library". The New York Public Library. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  23. ^ "About the Grand Concourse Library". The New York Public Library. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  24. ^ "Bronx Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
  25. ^ "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 1, 2019. Retrieved January 18, 2018.