Trece Martires, officially the City of Trece Martires (Tagalog: Lungsod ng Trece Martires), or simply known as Trece Martires City, is a 4th class city and the de facto capital city of the province of Cavite, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 155,713 people.
|City of Trece Martires|
Clockwise from top: Trece Martires City Public Market, Cavite Provincial Capitol, SM City Trece Martires, Thirteen Martyrs' Monument
Seat of Provincial Government
Bagong Trece: Puso ng Cavite, Lungsod ng Pag-asa
Map of Cavite with Trece Martires highlighted
|Region||Calabarzon (Region IV-A)|
|Founded and Cityhood||May 24, 1955|
|Named for||Thirteen Martyrs of Cavite|
|Barangays||13 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Panlungsod|
|• Mayor||Gemma B. Lubigan|
|• Vice Mayor||Romeo L. Montehermoso Jr.|
|• Congressman||Jesus Crispin C. Remulla|
|• Electorate||84,430 voters (2019)|
|• Total||39.10 km2 (15.10 sq mi)|
|• Density||4,000/km2 (10,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (PST)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)46|
|Climate type||tropical monsoon climate|
|Income class||4th city income class|
|Revenue (₱)||549.3 million (2016)|
|Catholic diocese||Diocese of Imus|
|Patron saint||St. Jude Thaddeus, St. Lorenzo Ruiz|
The city was the provincial capital until President Ferdinand Marcos transferred it to the City of Imus on June 11, 1977.[clarification needed] Despite of the capital relocation, the city still hosts many offices of the provincial government. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 155,713 people, and an income classification of 1st class. 
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Barangays
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Economy
- 7 Government
- 8 Infrastructure
- 9 Education
- 10 Annual events
- 11 Sister cities
- 12 References
- 13 External links
The city was named after the Thirteen Martyrs of Cavite, a group of prominent Caviteños who were convicted of rebellion and executed by the Spanish colonial government on September 12, 1896 in the old port city of Cavite during the Philippine Revolution.
Trece Martires started as one of the largest and most remote barrios of Cavite. Originally named Quinta or Quintana, it was part of the municipality of Tanza. The land was basically agricultural subdivided into cattle ranches and sugar farms, with less than 1,000 hectares, at the intersection of the present Tanza–Trece Martires–Indang Road (Tanza–Trece Martires Road / Trece Martires–Indang Road) and the Naic–Dasmariñas Road (now part of Governor's Drive).
The city was established on May 24, 1954 under Republic Act No. 981 ("The Charter of Trece Martires City") as approved by President Ramon Magsaysay. The Republic Act also transferred the provincial seat of government from Cavite City to Trece Martires. The original bill, House Bill 1795, was authored by Congressman Jose T. Cajulis (1954–1957) and Senator Justiniano S. Montano (1949–1956).
Under the city charter, the Governor of Cavite is ex-officio mayor of Trece Martires; then-Governor Dominador Mangubat was installed as the city's first chief executive. On January 2, 1956, the provincial capitol was formally inaugurated, the same day the newly elected Governor, Delfin N. Montano (the son of former Senator Justiniano Montano) was sworn into office. He served in both offices from 1956 to 1971.
On June 22, 1957, the original act was amended by Republic Act 1912 increasing its territory to 3,917 hectares (39,170,000 m2), more or less. Consequently, the municipality of Indang and the city of General Trias had to yield parts of their respective areas to this territorial expansion.
Loss of provincial capital statusEdit
On June 11, 1977, then President Ferdinand E. Marcos signed Presidential Decree No. 1163 relocating the capital and seat of government from Trece Martires to the city (then-municipality) of Imus. Governor Juanito Remulla requested Marcos in September 1979 to transfer the capital back to the city, although it wasn't approved. As of 2011, the provincial capital is the city of Imus, but most of the provincial offices are in Trece Martires — making Trece Martires as a de facto capital of the province, while Imus as a de jure provincial capital.
On March 31, 1992, the Republic Act no. 7325 was approved by President Corazon C. Aquino amending the charter of Trece Martires City, allowing the city to vote their own local officials for the first time.
Vice Mayor Alexander Lubigan was assassinated in front of a hospital along Trece Martires–Indang Road in Trece Martires on July 7, 2018. Following this event, the Presidential Anti-Corruption Commission (PACC) initiated a graft probe parallel to the investigation of the vice mayor's slaying. Before the assassination, Lubigan was expressively intent to run for Mayor against Mayor Melandres de Sagun's wife, Roniza, Melandres was intended to run for Congressman for reapportioned 7th District consisting Amadeo, Indang, Tanza and Trece Martires.
Trece Martires is in the heart of Cavite Province. It is bounded north and northwest by the municipality of Tanza, west and southwest by the municipality of Naic, south by the municipality of Indang, southeast by the municipality of Amadeo and east by the city of General Trias. It is about 48.3 km (30.0 mi) from Manila, the capital of the Philippines (about an hour by car).
The city of Trece Martires is characterised with ground elevation ranging from 30m to nearly 400m. Its ground slope ranges from 0.5 to 2%.
Trece Martires City has a tropical climate (Köppen climate classification: Aw) with two pronounced seasons: wet and dry. Wet season covers the period from May to December of each year; dry season covers January to April.
|Climate data for Trece Martires City|
|Average high °C (°F)||29.3
|Daily mean °C (°F)||25.2
|Average low °C (°F)||21.2
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||21
The land elevation ranges from 99 to 124 metres above sea level. The land area is fairy well dissected by creeks and streams that are deeply cut, characterised by steep and abrupt banks. These almost parallel drainage lines flow in northern direction to discharge into either Manila Bay or Laguna de Bay.
Trece Martires City is politically subdivided into 13 barangays (six urban and seven rural). The city was subdivided by Senator Justiniano Montano and Congressman Jose Cajulis. Each barangay was named after one of the Thirteen Martyrs of Cavite to commemorate their bravery and heroism. Below are the names of the barangays and their names before the City's Charter was passed on May 24, 1954.
|042122006||San Agustin (Poblacion)||1.7%||2,668||2,434||1.76%|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
In the 2015 census, the population of Trece Martires was 155,713 people, with a density of 4,000 inhabitants per square kilometre or 10,000 inhabitants per square mile.
Industrialisation and commercialism has replaced agriculture as the major source of economy for the city. Its economic growth has attracted immigration from other municipalities especially from Metro Manila. The population grown from 104,559 people in 2010 to 155,713 in 2015, representing an increase of 7.88%. In comparison, the population in 1995 was only 20,451. The city's other major source of income are revenues from real property taxes.
The most noteworthy fact about Trece Martires is the absence of any form of gambling. It has been awarded in the fields of nutrition, health services, literacy, education and social services.
For the past years (2010-onwards), the city gradually developed its economy for it supported the construction of Walter Mart Trece Martires, the largest Walter Mart in Cavite along Governor's Drive, which was opened in November 29, 2012, and two Puregold stores in Barangays Hugo Perez and San Agustin. In September 2015, Trece Tower Mall was opened, while SM City Trece Martires, the fifth SM Supermall in Cavite was opened on May 13, 2016.
|Mayor||Gemma B. Lubigan|
|Vice Mayor||Romeo Montehermoso|
|Sangguniang Panlungsod Members
|Joyce Ann Mojica|
|Kim Paolo C. Lubigan|
|Angelica April R. Peñalba|
|Anne Jomille Humarang|
|Rona A. Bago|
|Romeo A. de Sagun|
|Cornelio L. de Sagun (ABC President)|
|Noel Angelo Panganiban (SK Federation President)|
|Barangay||Previous name||Barangay captain||Settlement type|
|Aguado||Fiscal Mundo||Jaimer M. Sierra||Rural|
|Cabezas||Palawit||Marcelino V. Alarca||Rural|
|Cabuco||Kanggahan||Jun B. Rollo||Rural|
|Conchu||Lagundian||Anselmo L. Trinidad||Rural|
|De Ocampo||Quintana I||Romeo L. Montehermoso, Jr.||Urban|
|Gregorio||Aliang||Eliseo G. Dela Luya||Rural|
|Hugo Perez||Lukbanan||Simeon A. Perdito||Urban|
|Inocencio||Bagong Pook||Rosendo P. Dilidili||Urban|
|Lallana||Panukang Gubat||Carlito A. Leachon||Rural|
|Lapidario||Bayog||Remigio G. Dilag||Urban|
|Luciano (Poblacion)||Bitangan||Luisito R. Diloy||Urban|
|Osorio||Project||Joselito A. Marquez||Rural|
|San Agustin (Poblacion)||Quintana II||Cornelio L. de Sagun||Urban|
The city government provides the following assistance: financial, medical, emergency, school fees and burial expenses. It has extensive programs for the elderly, solo parents, out-of-school youth, and mothers. One of its programs is a blood donation activity every March, May, September and December; Balik Eskwela (school supplies distribution to all public elementary and high school students); clean and green; revitalization of agricultural lands, high school and college scholarship and their livelihood programs.
The Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo Memorial Hospital in Bgy. Luciano is a government-run hospital for the people of the city which has a 250-bed capacity. The hospitals in the city that are owned and run privately are Korea-Philippines Friendship Hospital in Bgy. Luciano; the MV Santiago Medical Center in Bgy. De Ocampo; the Treceño Medical Pavillon Hospital in Bgy. Luciano.
Trece Martires has a mental health facility for people in the city near Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo Memorial Hospital.
Several clinics are in the city for maternal health. There is ERS Maternity and Jade building in Luciano and other several clinics in the city.
- Barangay Osorio
- Barangay Inocencio
- Barangay De Ocampo
- Barangay Conchu
The fire station of the city is in Brgy. San Agustin.
- Trece Martires City National High School – Main (San Agustin Campus)
- Eugenio Cabezas National High School (formerly known as Trece Martires City National High School – Cabezas Annex)
- Francisco Osorio National High School (formerly known as Trece Martires City National High School – Osorio Annex)
- Luis Aguado National High School (formerly known as Trece Martires City National High School-Southville Annex)
- Trece Martires City National High School – Conchu Annex
- Trece Martires National High School (Cabuco Annex)
Trece Martires City schools were awarded to be the most ready in the country on the Brigada Eskwela 2012 of Department of Education. Trece Martires City Elementary School topped the Exceptional Category for Elementary Schools in Region IV-A and Trece Martires City National High School was first in the Exceptional Category for Secondary Schools.
- Academy of St. John Nepomucene
- Amore International School (Amore Academy)
- Blessed Family Academy
- Blessed Kateri School
- Braintrust Learning Center inc.
- Christian Child Development Learning Center
- Colegio de Santa Rosa
- Dei Gracia Academy
- Elim Christian Academy
- Fabulous Christian Academy
- Gateway International School of Science and Technology
- God is Good Learning Center
- John Merced Academy
- Krislizz International Academy
- Lyceum of Cavite-East
- Marella Christianne Institute
- New Generation International School
- Notre Dame of Trece Martires
- Our Lady of Lourdes Academy Learning Center
- Paul Henry
- Saint Jude Parish School
- Saint Thomas Becket Academy
- Sto. Niño de Praga Academy
- Sun Moon Academy
- Sung Kwang Global Leadership Academy
- Cavite State University – Trece Martires City Campus
- Colegio de Amore
- Imus Computer College (ICC) – Trece Martires City Branch
- Trece Martires City College
- The town fiesta of Trece Martires City is celebrated every October 27–28 in honor of Saint Jude Thaddeus.
- The charter anniversary known as Araw ng Trece Martires (Trece Martires Day) is celebrated on May 24 each year.
- Feast of Holy Cross is celebrated on September 14.
- The Death Anniversary of Thirteen Martyrs of Cavite is celebrated annually during September 12 to commemorate the martyrdom of the Thirteen Martyrs who were executed for joining the revolt of Katipunan during the Spanish Era. Activities like exhibits and the reenactment of the Thirteen Martyrs are done during the yearly celebration.
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|url=value (help). philstar.com. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
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