Treaty of Saigon (1862)

The Treaty of Saigon (French: Traité de Saïgon, Vietnamese: Hòa ước Nhâm Tuất, referring to the year of "Yang Water Dog" in the sexagenary cycle) was signed on 5 June, 1862 between the representatives of the French Empire and the last precolonial emperor of the House of Nguyen, Emperor Tự Đức. Based on the terms of the accord, Tự Đức ceded Saigon, the island of Poulo Condor and three southern provinces of what was to become known as Cochinchina (Bien Hoa, Gia Dinh, and Dinh Tuong) to the French. The treaty was confirmed by the Treaty of Hué signed on 14 April 1863.

Map showing the territorial evolution of French Indochina; the region in the south marked "1862–67" was ceded in the Treaty of Saigon (1862).

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ReferencesEdit

  • Saigon, Treaty of, Encyclopædia Britannica 2006, Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service. 30 March 2006[permanent dead link]
  • Stearns, Peter N. (ed.). Encyclopedia of World History (6th ed.). The Houghton Mifflin Company/Bartleby.com. The Second Treaty of Saigon
  • The Encyclopedia of the Nations – Country Data – Vietnam
  • C'est arrivé un jour – 5 Juin