The Treaty Tree (Afrikaans: Verdragboom or Traktaatboom ) is a 500-year-old white milkwood tree on Treaty Road and south of the rail line in Woodstock, Cape Town, South Africa. Peace was made under the tree on 10 January 1806 after the Battle of Blaauwberg, thereby starting the second British occupation of the Cape and leading to the permanent establishment of the Cape Colony as a British possession. Until 1834 slaves were sold and convicts hanged under it.[1]

Treaty Tree
Photo 5 Treaty Tree. Cnr Treaty and Spring St, Woodstock. Cape Town..JPG
The Treaty Tree in 2012
SpeciesWhite milkwood (Sideroxylon inerme)
LocationWoodstock, Cape Town, South Africa
Coordinates33°55′35″S 18°27′05″E / 33.92626°S 18.45130°E / -33.92626; 18.45130Coordinates: 33°55′35″S 18°27′05″E / 33.92626°S 18.45130°E / -33.92626; 18.45130
Date seededBefore 1509
The Treaty Tree in 1890. A 500 year old White Milkwood tree in Woodstock, Cape Town.

Prior to the arrival of the Dutch, the tree was known to have been a feature of the local landscape since at least the early 1500s. In 1509 a massacre by Khoikhoi of 64 Portuguese sailors under the command of Dom Francisco de Almeida took place close to the tree.[2]


The City of Cape Town owns the property, and the tree was declared a monument in 1967.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "The Treaty Tree: love the historic monument in your backyard". Getaway Magazine. 2013-07-19. Retrieved 2019-03-29.
  2. ^ "The Treaty Tree". The Battle of Blaauwberg 200 Year Anniversary. Battle of Blaauwberg Heritage Society. Retrieved 2019-03-29.


  • Green, Lawrence G.: I heard the old men say. Kaapstad: Howard Timmins, 1964.
  • Oberholster, J.J.: Die historiese monumente van Suid-Afrika. Kaapstad: Kultuurstigting Rembrandt van Rijn vir die Raad vir Nasionale Gedenkwaardighede, 1972.

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