Travemünde (German: [ˈtʁaːvəmʏndə] (listen)) is a borough of Lübeck, Germany, located at the mouth of the river Trave in Lübeck Bay. It began life as a fortress built by Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony, in the 12th century to guard the mouth of the Trave, and the Danes subsequently strengthened it. It became a town in 1317 and in 1329 passed into the possession of the free city of Lübeck, to which it has since belonged. Its fortifications were demolished in 1807.
Travemünde has been a seaside resort since 1802, and is Germany's largest ferry port on the Baltic Sea with connections to Sweden, Finland, Russia, Latvia and Estonia. The lighthouse is the oldest on the German Baltic coast, dating from 1539. Another attraction of Travemünde is the Flying P-Liner Passat, a museum ship anchored in the mouth of the Trave.
The 19th century seaside resort was evoked by Thomas Mann in Buddenbrooks. In Part II/5-12 the vacation of Antonie Buddenbrook is told, while in Part X/3 one summer of little Hanno. Travemünde is depicted by Mann as a place of freedom, happiness and - in the case of Antonie - love, in contrast with the problems of everyday life.
- Ida Boy-Ed (1852–1928 in Travemünde) a German writer, supporter of women's issues, she wrote widely-read books and newspaper articles
- Friedrich Naumann (1860–1919 in Travemünde) a German liberal politician and Protestant parish pastor
- Otto Ciliax (1891–1964 in Travemünde) an admiral during WW2, served in the navies of the German Empire, the Weimar Republic and Nazi Germany
- Lilo Peters (1913–2001 in Travemünde) a North German painter and sculptor.
- Peter Nogly (born 1947 in Travemünde) a German football coach and a former player
- Rötger Feldmann (born 1950 in Travemünde) a German comic book artist, created the character Werner
- Torsten Wohlert (born 1965 in Travemünde) a German former footballer
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