Travancore–Cochin or Thiru–Kochi was a short-lived state of India (1949–1956). It was originally called United State of Travancore and Cochin and was created on 1 July 1949 by the merger of two former kingdoms, Travancore and Cochin with Thiruvananthapuram as the capital. It was renamed State of Travancore–Cochin in January 1950.
United State of Travancore and Cochin (1949–1950)
State of Travancore-Cochin (1950–1956)
Travancore-Cochin in India, 1951
|Common languages||Malayalam, English|
|Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma|
|Parur T. K. Narayana Pillai|
|A. J. John|
|Pattom A. Thanu Pillai|
|Panampilly Govinda Menon|
Paravur T. K. Narayana Pillai, the Congress Prime Minister of Travancore, became the Chief Minister of Travancore–Cochin. First elections were held in 1951 and A. J. John, Anaparambil from Congress party was elected as the Chief Minister, ruling until 1954.
The ruler of Travancore was appointed as the governor (known as "Rajpramukh") of Travancore–Cochin. The Maharajah of Cochin was offered to be addressed as Uparaja Pramukh, but he did not want any title after handing over the power. The Maharaja politely said that the eldest member of Cochin Royal Family should be called Valiya Thampuran and gave up royal powers unconditionally for the good of the people. While Pattom A. Thanu Pillai was the Praja Socialist Party Chief minister in 1954, Travancore Tamil Nadu Congress launched a campaign for the merger of the Tamil-speaking regions of Southern Travancore with the neighbouring area of Madras State. The agitation took a violent turn and civilians and local police were killed at Marthandam and Puthukkada, irreparably alienating the entire Tamil-speaking population from merger into Travancore–Cochin.
Under State Reorganisation Act of 1956, the four southern taluks of Travancore, namely Thovalai, Agasteeswaram, Kalkulam and Vilavancode and a part of the Chencotta, Tenkasi Taluk was merged with Madras State. On 1 November 1956 Travancore–Cochin was joined with Malabar District of Madras State to form the new state of Kerala, with a governor, appointed by the President of India, as the head of the state instead of 'Rajapramukh'.
|Chief Minister||Took office||Left office||Term||Party||Region came from|
|1||Paravoor T. K. Narayana Pillai||1 July 1949||January 1951||1||Indian National Congress||Travancore|
|2||C. Kesavan||January 1951||12 March 1952||1||Indian National Congress||Travancore|
|3||A. J. John, Anaparambil||12 March 1952||16 March 1954||1||Indian National Congress||Travancore|
|4||Pattom A. Thanu Pillai||16 March 1954||10 February 1955||1||Praja Socialist Party||Travancore|
|5||Panampilly Govinda Menon||10 February 1955||23 March 1956||1||Indian National Congress||Cochin|
|President's rule||23 March 1956||5 April 1957|