Trancoso (Portuguese pronunciation: [tɾɐ̃ˈkozu] ) is a city and a municipality in Portugal. The municipality population in 2011 was 9,878,[1] in an area of 361.52 square kilometres (139.58 sq mi).[2] The city (cidade) population is about 3.000.

A panorama of Trancoso, Portugal
A panorama of Trancoso, Portugal
Flag of Trancoso
Coat of arms of Trancoso
Coordinates: 40°47′N 7°21′W / 40.783°N 7.350°W / 40.783; -7.350
Country Portugal
Intermunic. comm.Beiras e Serra da Estrela
 • PresidentAmilcar Salvador (PS)
 • Total361.52 km2 (139.58 sq mi)
 • Total9,878
 • Density27/km2 (71/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC±00:00 (WET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+01:00 (WEST)
Local holidayMay 29

The municipality is located in the District of Guarda, Region Centro, sub-region Beira Interior Norte.

The present Mayor is Amilcar Salvador. The municipal holiday is May 29. Principal monument: Castle of Trancoso. The municipality is served by the Vila Franca das Naves train station on the Beira Alta line from Pampilhosa to the Spanish border.

Trancoso is well known as the place where the 16th-century poet and shoemaker António Gonçalves de Bandarra lived and made his prophetic texts. A statue of him was erected in front of the city hall.

Trancoso is also the birthplace of Isaac Cardoso, born in 1603 or 1604. He was a renowned Jewish author, philosopher, and physicist. Cardoso died in Verona in 1683. His parents were members of the extensive Marrano community in Trancoso that left behind 300 Hebrew inscriptions. 700 Trancoso Jews were persecuted during the Inquisition.[3]

Parishes edit

Administratively, the municipality is divided into 21 civil parishes (freguesias):[4]

  • Aldeia Nova
  • Castanheira
  • Cogula
  • Cótimos
  • Fiães
  • Freches e Torres
  • Granja
  • Guilheiro
  • Moimentinha
  • Moreira de Rei
  • Palhais
  • Póvoa do Concelho
  • Reboleiro
  • Rio de Mel
  • Trancoso (São Pedro e Santa Maria) e Souto Maior
  • Tamanhos
  • Torre do Terrenho, Sebadelhe da Serra e Terrenho
  • Valdujo
  • Vale do Seixo e Vila Garcia
  • Vila Franca das Naves e Feital
  • Vilares e Carnicães

Notable people edit

  • António Gonçalves de Bandarra (1500 in Trancoso - 1556) a Portuguese writer and shoemaker
  • Isaac Cardoso (1603/4 at Trancoso - 1683) a Jewish physician, philosopher and polemic writer.
  • Eduarda Lapa (1895 in Trancoso — 1976) a painter and painting teacher, specialized in naturalist still lifes

Gallery edit

References edit

  1. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estatística
  2. ^ "Áreas das freguesias, concelhos, distritos e país". Archived from the original on 2018-11-05. Retrieved 2018-11-05.
  3. ^ "Trancoso - jewish heritage, history, synagogues, museums, areas and sites to visit".
  4. ^ Diário da República. "Law nr. 11-A/2013, page 552 123" (PDF) (in Portuguese). Retrieved 4 August 2014.

External links edit