Trams in The Hague

The Hague Tram (Dutch: Haagse tram) is a tram network forming part of the public transport system in and around the city of The Hague in South Holland, the Netherlands.

The Hague Tram
Tram and light rail
Logo HTM.svg
Randstadrail RegioCitadis Zoetermeer.jpg
RegioCitadis of RandstadRail for the tramlines 3, 4 en 19 at the Seghwaert station
Operation
LocaleThe Hague, Netherlands
Horsecar era: 1864–1907
Status Discontinued
Lines 8 lines
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Steam tram era: 1879–1932
Status Discontinued
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electric tram era: 1904–present
Status Operational
Lines 10 tram lines
2 light rail lines
Owner(s) Municipality of The Hague
Operator(s) HTM Personenvervoer
(since 2002)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 600 V DC Catenary (also 750 V DC for tram-train vehicles)
Depot(s) Lijsterbesstraat
Scheveningen
Zichtenburg
Stock 70 GTL8
70 Siemens Avenio
71 Alstom RegioCitadis
Route length 117 kilometres (73 mi)
Passengers (2018)83,967,000[1]
Den Haag 2013 HTM HTMBuzz.png
Website [www.htm.nl]

Opened in 1864, as of 2018 the network has twelve tram lines, three of which were built to light rail standards and currently operate under the RandstadRail brand. It consists of 117 kilometres of rails and 241 stops, and has been operated by HTM Personenvervoer since 2002, being the successor of N.V. Gemengd Bedrijf Haagsche Tramweg-Maatschappij (01-01-1927 - 11-06-2002) and N.V. Haagsche Tramweg-Maatschappij (HTM) (01-05-1887 - 01-01-1927).

OverviewEdit

The first lines in The Hague were horse-drawn. In the first half of the 1880s, steam trams appeared and rapidly replaced the horse-drawn lines, especially in longer services. One of these was the line between The Hague and Delft in July 1887, which is still in service today and extended to Scheveningen Noord. In August 1904, the first electrified line went into service; this is now part of line 9 between Plein and Scheveningen Kurhaus. Most of this line is still part of the line between Vrederust and Scheveningen Noord.

A 1.25-kilometre (0.78 mi) long city centre tunnel for trams was opened in March 2004. It is used by Lines 2, 3, 4 and 6 and incorporates two underground stations: Spui and Grote Markt.[2] The tunnel is the western section of a grade-separated section of the tram network, part of a proposed semi-metro network in the 1950s. Currently, it includes the tunnel and an elevated viaduct to the east, which includes a branch line for RandstadRail trams that connects to the former Hofpleinlijn near Den Haag Laan van NOI railway station. Trams on RandstadRail lines 3 and 4 use this connecting line. East of Laan van NOI they share tracks and stations with Rotterdam Metro line E trains as far as Leidschendam-Voorburg before diverting onto the former Zoetermeer Stadslijn towards Zoetermeer.

As of 2017, the fleet consists of approximately 250 trams of three types:

  • GTL8: eight-axle, three-section articulated trams. They have the HTM's red-and-beige livery and are uni-directional with a cab at only one end. These trams were built by La Brugeoise et Nivelles in Bruges, Belgium (actual Bombardier Transportation) in two generations:
    • GTL8-I, 100 first-generation trams delivered from 1981-1984
    • GTL8-II, 47 second-generation trams delivered from 1992-1993
  • Avenio: four-section, 100% low-floor trams. They have the red-and-grey R-NET livery and are bi-directional with cabs on both ends. 70 trams (40 trams ordered in 2011, another 20 in 2014 and another 10 in 2017) were built by Siemens Mobility in Germany from 2014 to 2015, and have been gradually replacing the older GTL8 trams since 2015.
  • RegioCitadis: three-section, 70% low-floor light rail/tram-train vehicles with dual-voltage capabilities. They have the blue-and-white RandstadRail livery and are also bi-directional. 72 trams were built by Alstom in Salzgitter, Germany, of which 54 entered service in 2006-2007 and a further 18 in 2011. They are used as tram-trains on the line to Zoetermeer and on line 19 between Leidschendam and Delft.

LinesEdit

Line
1 Scheveningen Noord - Delft Tanthof
2 Den Haag Kraayenstein - Leidschendam
3 Den Haag Loosduinen - Zoetermeer Centrum
4 Den Haag De Uithof - Zoetermeer - Lansingerland-Zoetermeer
6 Den Haag Leyenburg - Leidschendam Noord
9 Scheveningen Noord - Vrederust
11 Scheveningen Haven - Den Haag HS railway station
12 Den Haag Duindorp - Den Haag HS railway station
15 Den Haag Centraal railway station - Nootdorp
16 Den Haag Statenkwartier - Wateringen
17 Den Haag Centraal railway station - Wateringen
19 Leidschendam - Delft railway station

Line 1Edit

Line 1: Scheveningen Noord - Delft Tanthof

Zwarte Pad - Kurhaus - Scheveningseslag/Beelden aan Zee - Badhuiskade - Keizerstraat - Duinstraat - Frankenslag - World Forum - Adriaan Goekooplaan - Ary van der Spuyweg - Vredespaleis - Javastraat - Mauritskade - Kneuterdijk - Centrum - Bierkade - Station Hollands Spoor - Leeghwaterplein - Oudemansstraat - Lorentzplein - Broeksloot - Herenstraat - Hoornbrug - Broekpolder - 's-Gravenmade - Vlietbrug - Verffabriek - Brasserskade - Nieuwe Plantage - Prinsenhof - Delft Station - Krakeelpolderweg - Hovenpassage - Martinus Nijhofflaan - Diepenbrockstraat - Van der Slootsingel - Sadatweg - Bikolaan - Abtswoudsepark

Line 2Edit

Line 2: Den Haag Kraayenstein - Leidschendam

Kraayensteinlaan - Kapelaan Meereboerweg - Loosduinse Hoofdstraat - Burgemeester Hovylaan - Buitentuinen - Walnootstraat - Thorbeckelaan - Nieuwendamlaan - Laan van Eik en Duinen - Kamperfoeliestraat - Valkenboslaan - Fahrenheitstraat - De la Reyweg - Monstersestraat - HMC Westeinde - Brouwersgracht - Grote Markt - Spui - Centraal Station - Ternoot - Oostinje - Stuyvesantstraat - Station Laan van NOI - Bruijnings Ingenhoeslaan - Mgr. van Steelaan - Prinses Beatrixlaan - Voorburg 't Loo - Elzendreef - Essesteijn - Leidsenhage - HMC Antoniushove

Line 3Edit

Line 3: The Hague Loosduinen - Zoetermeer Centrum

Arnold Spoelplein - Pisuissestraat - Mozartlaan - Heliotrooplaan - Muurbloemweg - Hoefbladlaan - De Savornin Lohmanplein - Appelstraat - Zonnebloemstraat - Azaleaplein - Goudenregenstraat - Fahrenheitstraat - Valkenbosplein - Conradkade - Van Speijkstraat - Elandstraat - HMC Westeinde - Brouwersgracht - Grote Markt - Spui - Centraal Station - Beatrixkwartier - Laan van NOI - Voorburg 't Loo - Leidschendam-Voorburg - Forepark - Leidschenveen - Voorweg (Low Level) - Centrum-West - Stadhuis - Palenstein - Seghwaert - Leidsewallen - De Leyens - Buytenwegh - Voorweg (High Level) - Meerzicht - Driemanspolder - Delftsewallen - Dorp - Centrum-West

There are additional services between Den Haag Savornin Lohmanplein and Den Haag Centraal railway station during rush hours

Line 4Edit

Line 4: Den Haag De Uithof - Lansingerland-Zoetermeer

De Uithof - Beresteinlaan - Bouwlustlaan - De Rade - Dedemsvaartweg - Zuidwoldepad - Leyenburg - Monnickendamplein - Tienhovenselaan - Dierenselaan - De la Reyweg - Monstersestraat - HMC Westeinde - Brouwersgracht - Grote Markt - Spui - Centraal Station - Beatrixkwartier - Laan van NOI - Voorburg 't Loo - Leidschendam-Voorburg - Forepark - Leidschenveen - Voorweg (Low Level) - Centrum-West - Stadhuis - Palenstein - Seghwaert - Willem Dreeslaan - Oosterheem - Javalaan - Van Tuyllpark - Lansingerland-Zoetermeer

There are additional services between Den Haag Monstersestraat - Zoetermeer Javalaan during rush hours (double units)

Line 6Edit

Line 6: Den Haag Leyenburg - Leidschendam Noord

Leyenburg - Monnickendamplein - Tienhovenselaan - Nunspeetlaan - Paul Krugerplein - Delftselaan - Haagse Markt - Vaillantlaan - Om en Bij - Brouwersgracht - Grote Markt - Spui - Centraal Station - Ternoot - Oostinje - Stuyvesantplein - Carel Reinierszkade - Reigersbergenweg - Vlamenburg - Hofzichtlaan - Margarethaland - Aegonplein - Station Mariahoeve - Essesteijn - Leidsenhage - Burgemeester Kolfschotenlaan - Kastelenring - Dillenburgsingel

Line 9Edit

Line 9: Scheveningen Noorderstrand - Vrederust

Zwarte Pad - Kurhaus - Circustheater - Nieuwe Duinweg - Wagenaarweg - Madurodam - Riouwstraat - Laan Copes van Cattenburch - Javabrug - Dr. Kuyperstraat - Malieveld - Centraal Station - Kalvermarkt-Stadhuis - Bierkade - Station Hollands Spoor - Jacob Catsstraat - Wouwermanstraat - Dynamostraat - Anna Bijnslaan - Zuiderpark - Loevesteinlaan - Leyweg - Leggelostraat - Wolweversgaarde - Revalidatiecentrum - Beresteinlaan - De Dreef

Line 11Edit

Line 11: Scheveningen Haven - Den Haag HS railway station

Strandweg - Vuurbaakstraat - Duinstraat - Doornstraat - Statenlaan - Willem de Zwijgerlaan - Boreelstraat - Houtrust - Groot Hertoginnelaan - Laan van Meerdervoort - Weimarstraat - Loosduinseweg - Delftselaan - Haagse Markt - Hoefkade - Wouwermanstraat - Jacob Catsstraat - Station Hollands Spoor - Rijswijkseplein

Line 12Edit

Line 12: Den Haag Duindorp - Den Haag HS railway station

Markenseplein - Tholensestraat - Doctor van Welylaan - Sportlaan - Goudenregenplein - Goudenregenstraat - Fahrenheitstraat - Copernicusplein - Weimarstraat - Cartesiusstraat - Loosduinseweg - Paul Krugerplein - Delftselaan - Haagse Markt - Hoefkade - Wouwermanstraat - Jacob Catsstraat - Station Hollands Spoor - Rijswijkseplein

Line 15Edit

Line 15: Den Haag Centraal railway station - Nootdorp

Centraal Station - Korte Voorhout - Buitenhof - Centrum - Bierkade - Waldorpstraat/Station Hollands Spoor - Goudriaankade - Van Musschenbroekstraat - Wenckebachstraat - Broeksloot - Herenstraat - Hoornbrug - Broekpolder - Laan van 's-Gravenmade (P+R Hoornwijck) - Laan van Ypenburg - Plesmanlaan - Scholekstersingel - Gruttosingel - Nootdorp Centrum

Line 16Edit

Line 16: Den Haag Statenkwartier - Wateringen

Van Boetzelaerlaan - Frankenslag or Prins Mauritslaan - Frederik Hendriklaan - Statenplein - Gemeentemuseum/Museon - Groot Hertoginnelaan - Waldeck Pyrmontkade - Van Speijkstraat - Elandstraat - Noordwal - Gravenstraat - Buitenhof - Korte Voorhout - Centraal Station - Kalvermarkt-Stadhuis - Bierkade - Station Hollands Spoor - Leeghwaterplein - Oudemansstraat - Lorentzplein - Jonckbloetplein - Van Zeggelenlaan - Alberdingk Thijmstraat - Station Moerwijk - Heeswijkplein - Erasmusplein - Geysterenweg - Betje Wolffstraat - Hardenbroekstraat - Loevesteinlaan - Leyweg - Leggelostraat - Steenwijklaan - Hoge Veld - Oosteinde - Lage Veld - Parijsplein - Dorpskade

Line 17Edit

Line 17: Den Haag Centraal railway station - Wateringen

Centraal Station - Weteringplein - Rijswijkseplein - Station Hollands Spoor - Leeghwaterplein - Oudemansstraat - Lorentzplein - Jonckbloetplein - Van Vredenburchweg - Generaal Spoorlaan - Handelskade - Patentlaan - Volmerlaan - Treubstraat - Rijswijk Station - In de Bogaard - Admiraal Helfrichsingel - Weidedreef - Aletta Jacobsstraat - Eikelenburg - Parijsplein - Dorpskade

Line 19Edit

  • Operated with RandstadRail tram-trains or, occasionally, with Avenio urban trams. Plans for extending the route of tram 19 to TU Delft campus exist, but have been postponed to 2020 due to necessary infrastructure upgrades (rebuilding of the Sebastiaansbridge). Its temporary terminal is located on a third track at Delft railway station.
Line 19: Leidschendam - Delft railway station (future terminus at Delft University from end 2020)

HMC Antoniushove - Leidsenhage - Weigelia - Oosteinde - Oude Middenweg - Klaverveld - Leidschenveen Centrum - Lanen - Station Ypenburg - Weidevogellaan - Gruttosingel - Scholekstersingel - Ypenburg Centrum - Anthony Fokkersingel - Brasserskade - Nieuwe Plantage - Prinsenhof - Delft Station

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ HTM Jaarverslag 2018
  2. ^ "Den Haag Tram & RandstadRail". UrbanRail.net. 2011. Retrieved 2014-01-22.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Trams in The Hague at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 52°05′N 04°19′E / 52.083°N 4.317°E / 52.083; 4.317